Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
UAS in agriculture  2-2014
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

UAS in agriculture 2-2014

525
views

Published on

Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) applications to agriculture.

Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) applications to agriculture.

Published in: Technology

0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
525
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
36
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. UAS in Agriculture John Nowatzki Extension Ag Machine Systems Specialist
  • 2. Unmanned Aircraft Systems Crop Production Livestock Production
  • 3. UAS in Agriculture What are UAS? Impacts of ND Test Site Typical Equipment UAS in Agriculture Today Current US Regulations 2014 UAS at NDSU/UND Current ND Commercial Activity Future of UAV in Agriculture Privacy Issues
  • 4. Impacts of North Dakota Test Site • Allow the FAA to develop research and operational experiences • Help ensure the safe integration of UAS into the nation's airspace – “sense and avoid,” – command and control, – ground control standards – human factors – airworthiness – lost link procedures – interface with the air traffic control
  • 5. FAA Test Site • University of Alaska • standards for unmanned aircraft categories, and state monitoring • State of Nevada – operator standards and certification requirements • New York’s Griffiss International Airport – test and evaluation • North Dakota Department of Commerce – airworthiness data and validate high reliability link technology • Texas A&M University – Corpus Christi – safety requirements for UAS vehicles • Virginia Tech – UAS failure mode testing and technical risks areas
  • 6. Air Vehicle Control Station Antenna(s) + + What “is” a UAS? Generally speaking…
  • 7. What are Unmanned Aircraft Systems? What
  • 8. What are UAS for Agriculture? Small Unmanned Aircraft 18” – 10’ Remote controlled or Auto-pilot Under 1000’ Cameras: Digital Images, Video, Thermal
  • 9. • Weight = 2 to 6 pounds • Wing span = 2 to 8 feet • Battery powered • Various Cameras UAS
  • 10. Equipment E382 Fixed Wing Package $2,000 • Skywalker Airframe, 188cm Wingspan • ArduPilot Mega 2.5 Autopilot – Includes GPS, IMU, Pressure Sensor and Flight Data Log • SX260 HS Camera with CHDK Installed • 3DR Telemetry Radios • Remote Control Unit • Battery & Charger • 4 Extra Batteries • http://www.event38.com/
  • 11. Typical Equipment Aphex Hexacopter Camera $ 2,000 • NX1000 Camera and Mount • Remote Control Unit • Telemetry:3DR Radios, Air and Ground, • Batteries • Battery Charger • Spare Parts: • 5 Propeller Pairs • 2 Arms • 2 Legs • 1 Motor • http://www.event38.com/
  • 12. Typical Equipment Aparotors - Kit: $3800 • Multi-rotor kit fully assembled • Radio controller and receiver • Stabilized Camera Gimbal • 2 batteries (flight time 10 min / battery) • Battery Charger (25 minutes) • Camera GoPro3 with 8GB card – http://aparotors.com/
  • 13. Equipment Precision Scout - Kit: $17,500 • Real-time live feed recorded and streamed to the ground • GPS location and proper flight orientation • communication fails, will safely return home • •Controller •GPS Unit • •Hi-resolution Video/Still Camera •Telemetry • •Dual Battery Charger •6 Batteries • •16gb micro SD memory card •Lifetime Protective Case • http://aparotors.com/
  • 14. Equipment SensFly eBee Package $35,000 • Case with foam protection • 1 eBee central body • 1 pair of wings • 10 spare propellers • 2 Lithium-Polymer battery packs • Lithium-Polymer battery charger • 2.4 GHz USB radio modem • 1 remote control • 1 still camera • 1 USB cable for interfacing with camera and on-board autopilot https://www.sensefly.com/
  • 15. Typical Equipment Trimble UX5 Aerial Imaging Rover ($50,000) • EPP foam; carbon frame structure • Electric pusher propeller; brushless 700 W motor • 14.8 V, 6000 mAh battery • 16.1 MP mirrorless APSC camera • 0.94 - 9.4 in image resolution http://www.trimble.com/Survey/ux5.aspx
  • 16. Typical Equipment Multi-spectral Camera ($3,800) • Size 4.5 x 3.0 x 0.9 in. • Weight 3.53 oz. • Visible light and near-infrared wavelengths • Software: PixelWrench2, processing multispectral images of crops • http://fieldofviewllc.com/
  • 17. Typical Equipment Thermal Imaging Camera ($10,000) • Thermal Imager - Uncooled VOx Microbolometer • Spectral Band 7.5 - 13.5 μm • Time to Image ~4.0 sec • Size (w/o lens) 1.75" x 1.75" x 1.18" • RS-232 Compatible Communication 57,600 & 921,600 baud • Image Processing & Display Controls NTSC/PAL (field switchable) • http://www.flir.com/US/
  • 18. Thermal Imaging Takes a Crop’s Temperature Plants Absorb and Reflect Light Red Absorbed, NIR Reflected • Locating insect Infestations • Early Disease Pressure • Under-irrigated Field Sections.
  • 19. Multispectral Imaging Plants Absorb and Reflect Light Red Absorbed, NIR Reflected
  • 20. • 231 images geo-referenced • Pseudocolor mosaic • Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) mosaic PrecisionAg Payload
  • 21. Data Processing Software Agisoft PhotoScan ($3,800) • Aerial Triangulation • Polygonal Model Generation (plain / textured) • Setting Coordinate System • Geo-referenced Digital Elevation Model (DEM) Generation • Geo-referenced Orthophoto Generation • http://fieldofviewllc.com/
  • 22. Current FAA Rules • Private, Recreation Use • On-farm? • University: Certificate of Authorization • Airframe • Location • Operator • Dates • 6-9 Months
  • 23. NDSU Carrington Research Center • Valid Uses of UAS in Ag – Crop Research – Livestock Research • Feedlot Bedding Materials • Animal Body Temperatures UAS at NDSU and UND Proof of Concept
  • 24. NDSU – UND Collaborations Agricultural Research School of Aerospace Research Extension Centers UAS Center Extension Service Remote Sensing
  • 25. Commercial Service in 2014 • North Country Ag Services - Kris Poulson – Contract to fly fields on schedule, or when requested – Purchased UTC Aerospace Systems – will manufacture UAS – Quad and Fixed wing – Process data • Field of View – Cameras and Sensors – Training – Image Analyses
  • 26. Potential Applications • Near Real-time Crop Monitoring • In-season Fertilization • Pest Location and Movements • Weed Infestations • Monitoring Livestock on Rangeland • Others ……..................... • …………………………… • ……………………………
  • 27. Privacy • Who Regulates UAS? • Illegal Uses • Who Owns the Images • Other Issues
  • 28. Megan’s First UAS Operation
  • 29. The End of Megan’s First UAS Operation!
  • 30. UAS Mapping Vegetation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6bgbp9Vj2t4
  • 31. Questions - Comments Office 701-231-8213 Cell 701-261-9842 John.Nowatzki@ndsu.edu http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/agmachinery