Minimize sweat; Don’t get wet!
wet = cold; DRY = WARM
Change into DRY clothes ASAP
Light-, mid-, and heavy-weight layers
Merino/SmartWool wicks; does not retain odor!
Hat and balaclava
Multiple sets of gloves, with tethers
Soft-shell pants and jacket
Hard shell (Gore-Tex) jacket & pants
(full zips are worth the price)
Hand and Toe Warmers
Dry socks at night. VBLs work well for some.
Bring damp clothes in your bag to dry
Pee Bottle (48 oz., marked)
4-season recommended for wind & strength
Identify “safe” place to establish tent zone
Use shovels to level tent platform
Use snowshoes to firm up tent platform
Leave the ground cloth at home!
Use lightweight snow stakes; consider parachutes
Must dig out during heavy snowfall!
Blocks the wind
Snow shovels and snow saw
Dig down and deep – must not collapse!
Must have air vent
Quiet, warm, dark, light (no tent, poles, stakes)
But, takes longer than tent, and you will get wet!
Consider for multi-day base camp
Not for claustrophobics
Sleeping Bag (consider temps and conditions)
0 degree is our “most used” for CO winters
lighter bag will suffice on Mt. Rainier
down vs. synthetic (rainy/wet camping?)
add warmth with liner bag and/or down clothing
Protect tent floor – keeps in warmth
Extra protection for sleeping pad
If it leaks and goes flat, you are still protected from snow
1/4” Evazote® foam pads - prolitegear.com
Exped Downmat – 5, 7 or 9 (great if you sleep cold)
NeoAir – lighter option
Small size insulation rectangle for sitting/standing
Optional: lightweight, collapsible, camp chair
Helios JetBoil - canister
MSR Reactor - canister
MSR WhisperLite Universal – canister and liquid
MSR XKG EX – all types of liquid fuel
Fuel Pros and Cons
Canister Fuel – typically heats water faster, easy to use,
fuel is more expensive, build-in pots (less flexible),
not as accessible outside U.S.
(cold weather performance with inverted canisters)
Liquid Fuel – less expensive, excellent cold weather
performance, heavier, requires fuel bottle
Cooking and Food
• Typically, most just melt snow for water
and “just add boiling water“ to their food:
instant soups and potatoes, hot cocoa, tea, coffee, oatmeal,
dehydrated/freeze-dried veggies and dinners
• Cooked food in pans “freeze” and difficult clean-up
Bacon, eggs, pancakes – always welcome! Group meals
can also be fun.
• Consider food that doesn’t require cooking: (i.e., tortillas
or flatbread with chicken, tuna)
• Bring the food you like and know you will eat!
• Water containers need to be insulated, or they will freeze
Use insulated water holders rather than camelbaks/bladder
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.