Treatment of organic waste

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Treatment of organic waste

  1. 1. Treatment of Organic Waste Yes-Sun Environmental Biotech John Lee, Technical Department Edited & Revised in April, 2013
  2. 2. Introduction What is Organic?  Organic matter is matter that has come from a once-living organism.  Organism: Animals, plants and microorganisms  Once-living: Either live ones or dead bodies
  3. 3. What is Compost? Compost is the process that organic matter been decomposed and recycled as a fertilizer and soil amendment. Composting requires simply piling up waste outdoors and waiting for months. Introduction
  4. 4. Carbon Emission Issue  Compost apply micro-organisms to “decompose" organic matter.  CO2 released during fermentation period  Huge loses of carbon (About 50~60%) C CO2 Release NO2 Release H2S Release Others (H,O,S…) N P K Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect Introduction
  5. 5. Category of Organic Waste Industrial Agricultural Daily
  6. 6. Category of Organic Waste Industrial organic waste Food Factory Wineries Slaughterhouse Restaurant Market Hospitals Hotels Bio Sludge Pharmaceutical plants, paper plants, leather plants…etc.
  7. 7. Category of Organic Waste Agriculture, forestry and livestock Garden Vegetable Mushroom Farm Forest Chicken Cattle Sheep Organic wastes from gardens, vegetables, mushrooms, forestry, livestock, fish farms and sheep farms.
  8. 8. Category of Organic Waste Daily Organic Wastes Kitchen Waste Organizations Military Installations Schools Prisons Community
  9. 9. Treatment Methods of Organic Waste Introduction & Disadvantages
  10. 10. Treatment Methods Incineration Treatment Method: Burn with high temperature Treatment Time: several hours End Product: Ashes (High Toxic) Requirements: Air pollution monitoring Disadvantages:  High construction  High maintenance cost  Air pollution  CO2 emission  Dioxin  20% of ashes should be reprocess  Waste of organic matters
  11. 11. Treatment Methods Landfill Treatment Method: No treatment Treatment Time: Several years ~ decades End Product: None Requirements: Space, waterproof layers, air exhaust Disadvantages: Air pollution, Large Area, Under earth water pollution, Fire explosion  Prohibited to landfill without treatment in EU (Council Directive on Landfill 1999/31/EC )
  12. 12. Treatment Methods Compost  Treatment Method: Fermentation  Treatment Time: 3-6 months  End product: Soil Conditioner  Requirement: Large area, constantly re-pile  Disadvantages: Smells, space & time, carbon lose
  13. 13. Treatment Methods Fast Fermentation  Treatment Method: Microbes decomposition  Treatment Time: 24~72 Hours  End product: Months of storage required before use  Requirements: Storage area, small material size, low oil content  Disadvantages: Smells, space, energy consumption
  14. 14. Treatment Methods Biogas  Treatment Method: Anaerobic bacteria decompose  Treatment Time: 7-14 Days  End product: CH4 and sludge (further treatment)  Requirement: Highly sealed tanks, large area  Disadvantages: space & time, high construction cost, high maintenance cost
  15. 15. Composting-free Technology Concepts & Theory Invented by Dr. C.C. Young Commercialized by Yes-Sun Microbiological Soil Biological Organic Composting -free Speed, Safety, Effeteness, Harmlessness Complete Use of Organic Waste GoalInnovative
  16. 16. What is Composting-free?  Composting-free Technology is developed based on the same principles human digestive system, Which make the technology easy to understand and operate. Introduction
  17. 17. Concepts of Equipments  Composing-free mimics the structure and functions of human body and integrates the mechanical and biological activities using our patented equipments. Introduction
  18. 18. Carbon Storage  Composting-free applies organic enzymes as catalyst to “react” with organic wastes  Treatment time only 3~8 hours  Nearly no loss of carbon content C Others N P K Composting-free Treatment C Others NP K Origanic Wastes (Untreated) Carbon Storage No Carbon Loss Introduction
  19. 19. Introduction C Others N P K Origanic Wastes (Untreated) C Others N P K Composting-free Treatment C CO2 Release NO2 Release H2S Release Others (H,O,S… ) N P K Traditional Treatment
  20. 20. Introduction  Carbon storage is process of removing carbon from the atmosphere  Soils are the largest carbon reservoir
  21. 21. Introduction End Product Comparison Table
  22. 22. Composing-free vs. Composting Treatment Method Composting-free Composting Treatment Time 3~8 Hours 3~12 months Space Requirement Small Large Air Pollution No Smell Bad Smell Water Pollution Clean Water High COD Waste Water CO2 Emission 1~2% 40~60% End Product High Quality Organic Fertilizer Organic Soil Conditioner Introduction
  23. 23. Composting-free Equipment Types and Capacity
  24. 24. Equipment  Standard Model Batch Volume:5000L or Customized Batch Time:3 (Reaction) to 8 (Drying) hours The Standard model is suitable for large scale organic waste treatment from government and industry. Available in fixed or mobile type.
  25. 25. Process of Standard Model Shattering Decomposition (Add enzyme) HeatingDrying
  26. 26. Equipment Commercial Model Batch Volume:250L, 500L, 1000L or Customized Batch Time:3 (Reaction) to 24 (Drying) hours Suitable for organic wastes which require immediately treatment. i.e. animal manure, food waste .etc Decomposition Shattering Transportation
  27. 27. Process of Commercial Model Shattering Feed and add enzyme DecompositionDry and discharge
  28. 28. Certificated Parts In order to meet the regulations from different countries, all the spare parts of our equipments are CE and UL certificated and ROHS compliant. Equipment
  29. 29. Multinational Patents Composting-free set humanity, automatic, safety, energy-saving as our R&D goals, and has been awarded invention patents over 40 countries. Equipment
  30. 30. Advantages of Compositing-free Technology
  31. 31. Advantages Fast Treatment  Only 3 to 8 hours from feeding to the end product  No further treatment is required  End product is ready to use directly
  32. 32. Advantages No Secondary Pollution  Composting-free equipments are designed and manufactured for pollution free  No bad smell and secondary pollution (Air & Water)
  33. 33. Advantages Carbon Storage  Composting-free use enzyme to react with organic matter  Nearly no CO2 emission  The reduced CO2 emission can be re-sold to the carbon market
  34. 34. Thank you for your attention

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