What is first aid? firstaidforfree.com www.firstaidforfree.com
Introduction <ul><li>This is module one of a free first aid course provided by  firstaidforfree.com </li></ul><ul><li>Visi...
Definitions of ‘first aid’ <ul><li>“ Help given to a sick or injured person until full medical treatment is available” </l...
So what does this mean? <ul><li>First aid can be  anything  from putting on a plaster to saving someone’s life </li></ul><...
The aims of first aid <ul><li>Broadly, there are three main aims when administering first aid: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P res...
Calling for emergency help (1) <ul><li>In many first aid situations, help from the emergency services may be required. </l...
Calling for emergency help (2) <ul><li>Give clear, precise information about </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The location of the inc...
Managing an incident <ul><li>Always be aware of potential  dangers  at an incident (e.g: traffic, fire, electricity) </li>...
Basic infection control <ul><li>Various diseases can be transmitted via blood and body fluids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includ...
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What is first aid? An introduction - free online first aid training

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What is first aid? An introduction

Part of a free first aid course provided by http://www.firstaidforfree.com

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What is first aid? An introduction - free online first aid training

  1. 1. What is first aid? firstaidforfree.com www.firstaidforfree.com
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>This is module one of a free first aid course provided by firstaidforfree.com </li></ul><ul><li>Visit firstaidforfree.com for more free first aid training, quizzes and resources. </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  3. 3. Definitions of ‘first aid’ <ul><li>“ Help given to a sick or injured person until full medical treatment is available” </li></ul><ul><li>“… provision of initial care for an illness or injury” </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  4. 4. So what does this mean? <ul><li>First aid can be anything from putting on a plaster to saving someone’s life </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t need formal first aid training to help someone in need </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  5. 5. The aims of first aid <ul><li>Broadly, there are three main aims when administering first aid: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P reserve life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P revent worsening of the condition (if possible) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P romote recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For example, applying a plaster is preventing the condition (a cut) from worsening by stopping infection! </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  6. 6. Calling for emergency help (1) <ul><li>In many first aid situations, help from the emergency services may be required. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure you know which number to call! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United Kingdom: 999 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States: 911 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Union: 112 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other countries: sccfd.org/travel.html </li></ul></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  7. 7. Calling for emergency help (2) <ul><li>Give clear, precise information about </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The location of the incident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The number of casualties / people involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The nature of their injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In some cases, their age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any hazards at the incident (e.g: spilt fuel, fire, electricity) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If the area is remote/difficult to access, consider sending someone to meet the emergency services in a known location </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  8. 8. Managing an incident <ul><li>Always be aware of potential dangers at an incident (e.g: traffic, fire, electricity) </li></ul><ul><li>Never put yourself or other bystanders in danger </li></ul><ul><li>You are the most important person </li></ul><ul><li>If the incident is too dangerous to approach, stay back and call for emergency help </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  9. 9. Basic infection control <ul><li>Various diseases can be transmitted via blood and body fluids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Including HIV and Hepatitis B & C </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If possible, always wear disposable latex/nitrile gloves when dealing with bodily fluids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is not always practical! You can improvise and use anything to create a barrier. e.g: a plastic carrier bag </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ensure any cuts/open injuries to your hands are covered with waterproof plasters or dressings. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands with soap and warm water after dealing with a casualty </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
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