First aid for blood loss and wounds firstaidforfree.com www.firstaidforfree.com
Introduction <ul><li>This is module four of a free first aid course provided by  firstaidforfree.com </li></ul><ul><li>Vis...
The circulatory system firstaidforfree.com <ul><li>The heart is responsible for pumping blood around the body </li></ul><u...
Wound terminology <ul><li>Laceration:  Tearing of the skin & tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Contusion:  A bruise </li></ul><ul><...
First aid for major blood loss <ul><li>Expose injury and  elevate  above level of heart </li></ul><ul><li>If there are no ...
What not to do <ul><li>Do not apply a tourniquet unless specifically trained to do so </li></ul><ul><li>Do not attempt to ...
Shock (1) <ul><li>Shock is a medical emergency which can be caused by severe blood loss </li></ul><ul><li>The casualty doe...
Shock (2) <ul><li>If you suspect a casualty is suffering from shock then you should: </li></ul><ul><li>Lie them down and r...
Infection control <ul><li>Try and keep the wound as clean as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Try to avoid contact with the casu...
First aid for minor wounds <ul><li>Wear gloves if available </li></ul><ul><li>Clean the wound thoroughly with antiseptic w...
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First aid for severe bleeding - free online first aid training

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First aid for severe bleeding

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First aid for severe bleeding - free online first aid training

  1. 1. First aid for blood loss and wounds firstaidforfree.com www.firstaidforfree.com
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>This is module four of a free first aid course provided by firstaidforfree.com </li></ul><ul><li>Visit firstaidforfree.com for more free first aid training, quizzes and resources. </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  3. 3. The circulatory system firstaidforfree.com <ul><li>The heart is responsible for pumping blood around the body </li></ul><ul><li>Blood travels in arteries , veins and capillaries </li></ul><ul><li>Blood transports Oxygen and nutrients around the body and helps remove waste products </li></ul><ul><li>An average adult has around 10 pints of blood </li></ul>
  4. 4. Wound terminology <ul><li>Laceration: Tearing of the skin & tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Contusion: A bruise </li></ul><ul><li>Abrasion: Graze - loss of superficial layer of skin </li></ul><ul><li>Incision: A straight clean wound </li></ul><ul><li>Puncture: Caused by a sharp object </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Object may still be in the wound (foreign / embedded object) </li></ul></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  5. 5. First aid for major blood loss <ul><li>Expose injury and elevate above level of heart </li></ul><ul><li>If there are no foreign objects, apply firm direct pressure over the wound </li></ul><ul><li>If there is an object, apply pressure around the foreign object </li></ul><ul><li>Call for emergency help </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  6. 6. What not to do <ul><li>Do not apply a tourniquet unless specifically trained to do so </li></ul><ul><li>Do not attempt to wash out a major wound – your aim is to control the bleeding </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  7. 7. Shock (1) <ul><li>Shock is a medical emergency which can be caused by severe blood loss </li></ul><ul><li>The casualty does not receive enough oxygen due to the loss of blood </li></ul><ul><li>Signs & symptoms include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pale clammy skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thirst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nausea & vomiting </li></ul></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  8. 8. Shock (2) <ul><li>If you suspect a casualty is suffering from shock then you should: </li></ul><ul><li>Lie them down and raise their legs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This improves the blood flow to the vital organs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cover them with a blanket </li></ul><ul><li>Call for emergency help if you haven’t already done so. </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  9. 9. Infection control <ul><li>Try and keep the wound as clean as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Try to avoid contact with the casualty’s blood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wear disposable latex / nitrile gloves if available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If not, use any available items to create a barrier (e.g: a plastic bag) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water afterwards </li></ul><ul><li>Seek medical advice if you are concerned </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  10. 10. First aid for minor wounds <ul><li>Wear gloves if available </li></ul><ul><li>Clean the wound thoroughly with antiseptic wipes or saline </li></ul><ul><li>Do not remove any embedded objects (e.g: glass) – seek medical advice </li></ul><ul><li>Cover the wound using a clean dressing (plaster, non-adherent pad etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Seek medical advice if there are any signs of infection – redness, swelling or the area is warm to the touch </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com

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