Airframe Wire Development
Engineering Driven Change      As aerospace engineers have responded to the performance      requirements of their custome...
Advances in Wire Technology      •   PVDF                   (1966)      •   Peek                   (1970’s)      •   ETFE ...
Engineering Issues Leading to Composite                Development Prior to the introduction of earlier versions of the co...
Composite Development  • Two Development Programmes      – US Air Force CRAD – Wright Patterson AFB (1989-1991)          •...
Engineering Issues Leading to Composite                Development •   ARC Resistance             (performance) •   Hydrol...
Performance Comparison                              1974        1986         1999                             M81381      ...
MIL-W-22759 “Composite”                                                                  AbbreviationsTape 1, applied with...
SEAMLESS      First choice for Airframe Wire today! “The look of extrusion with toughness of tape wrap all rolled into one...
Remember these? •   ARC Resistance             (performance) •   Hydrolytic Stability       (performance) •   Flexibility ...
Wet Arc Resistance• Reduces collateral  damage and PTFE  erosion                                   SEAMLESS Standard compo...
Hydrolysis Resistance                                    ELONGATION TO BREAK TREND PLOT FOR AGED DUPONT POLYIMIDE FILMS   ...
Flexibility                               Flexibility (Stiffness & Springback)                                     CW SPI ...
Notch Propagation                                    Notch Propagation Results                           (Wright Laborator...
Temperature Rating  • Composites 260oC over NPC conductorM22759/80-92 require a Thermal Indextest at rated temperature for...
Smoke Generation                                     Optical Smoke Density (After 20 Minutes)                             ...
SEAMLESS Advantage: Weight                       Seamless T Weight Reduction                                      Light We...
SEAMLESS Advantage: Size                                                                         THE TAKE AWAY:    Cross l...
Mechanical Toughness                                Dynamic Cut Through Results (Thin Wall)                              (...
Mechanical Toughness                               Dynamic Cut Through Results (Normal Wall)                              ...
UV Laser Marking              66% Average contrast on white wire22 Nov 2011
SEAMLESS in use    The introduction of the Thermax SEAMLESS    insulation system has clear advantages over    other wire t...
SEAMLESS Assembly                                                                                No Edge      No Edge     ...
SEAMLESS Advantage: Assembly Standard Composite Technology                                    THE TAKE AWAY:    SEAMLESSTe...
SEAMLESS Advantage: Construction              THERMAX SEAMLESS                     Competitive Product                    ...
Conclusions   • Composite Construction Solved many     Technical Issues   • Seamless PTFE Technology showed further     im...
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Giatech Airframe Wire Development

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A presentation on the development of airframe wire constructions in use today

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Giatech Airframe Wire Development

  1. 1. Airframe Wire Development
  2. 2. Engineering Driven Change As aerospace engineers have responded to the performance requirements of their customers, whether commercial or military, innovation in the design and manufacture of high temperature, high performance insulation systems have been challenged to keep pace. Improvements in space and weight savings without sacrificing the thermal and mechanical performance of the wire has been one of the key challenges.22 Nov 2011
  3. 3. Advances in Wire Technology • PVDF (1966) • Peek (1970’s) • ETFE (1970’s) • Polyimide (1972) • XL-ETFE (1978) • Composites (1993) • M22759/80A-/92A (1999)22 Nov 2011
  4. 4. Engineering Issues Leading to Composite Development Prior to the introduction of earlier versions of the composite constructions in use now, most aircraft were wired with either a Polyimide (Kapton) or XLETFE insulation. It was recognised that both of these insulation systems had shortcomings and two separate development programmes running concurrently led to the creation of the type of composite construction used extensively today.22 Nov 2011
  5. 5. Composite Development • Two Development Programmes – US Air Force CRAD – Wright Patterson AFB (1989-1991) • Replacement for MIL-W-81381 • Comparative Study of 14 Candidates – SPI – McDonnell Douglas (1996-1999) • Hydrolytic Stability, Arc Propagation, UV Markability, Termination Issues • Acceptance by US Navy, Air Force, Army • F/A-18EF, F-15, C-17, AH-64D22 Nov 2011
  6. 6. Engineering Issues Leading to Composite Development • ARC Resistance (performance) • Hydrolytic Stability (performance) • Flexibility (shop handling) • Notch Propagation (performance) • Smoke Generation (performance) • Insulation Weight and size (performance) • Mechanical Toughness (performance + shop handling) • Laser Marking (performance + shop handling)22 Nov 2011
  7. 7. Performance Comparison 1974 1986 1999 M81381 M22759 M22759 Characteristic "Kapton" "XL-ETFE" "Composite" Arc Resistance R G G Hydrolytic Stability R G G Flexibility R G G Notch Propagation R Y G Temperature Performance G Y G Smoke Generation G R G Insulation Weight G Y G Mechanical Toughness G Y G Laser Markability R G G22 Nov 2011
  8. 8. MIL-W-22759 “Composite” AbbreviationsTape 1, applied with FP = Fluorocarbon Polymer51-54% overlap PI = Aromatic Polyimide PTFE = Polytetraflouroethylene Tape 2, applied with 51-54% overlap Advantages Thin Wall Insulation (Hook-Up) Tape 1 .45 mil FP / .65 mil PI / .1mil FP Temperature Performance (260C) Tape 2 2 mil Unsintered PTFE Mechanical Toughness Total Nominal Thickness 5.8 mil Hydrolytic Stability Arc Resistance Smoke Generation Normal Wall Insulation (Airframe) Flexibility Tape 1 .5 mil FP / 1 mil PI / .5mil FP Low Weight Tape 2 2 mil Unsintered PTFE Laser Markable Total Nominal Thickness 7.6 mil Disadvantages Minor - Unique Blades 22 Nov 2011
  9. 9. SEAMLESS First choice for Airframe Wire today! “The look of extrusion with toughness of tape wrap all rolled into one.”22 Nov 2011
  10. 10. Remember these? • ARC Resistance (performance) • Hydrolytic Stability (performance) • Flexibility (shop handling) • Notch Propagation (performance) • Smoke Generation (performance) • Insulation Weight and Size (performance) • Mechanical Toughness (performance + shop handling) • Laser Marking (performance + shop handling) Lets see how SEAMLESS has raised the stakes!22 Nov 2011
  11. 11. Wet Arc Resistance• Reduces collateral damage and PTFE erosion SEAMLESS Standard composite Standard composite 22 Nov 2011
  12. 12. Hydrolysis Resistance ELONGATION TO BREAK TREND PLOT FOR AGED DUPONT POLYIMIDE FILMS AGING PARAMETERS 200 DEGREES CELSIUS, 100 % RH - PARR BOMB DUPONT HIGH PERFORMANCE MATERIALS JIM HEACOCK - PHIL LACOURT FEBRUARY 2002 100 90 80 70ELONGATION TO BREAK 60 (%) 50 40 30 20 100HN 10 65T 100T 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 AGING TIME (DAYS)22 Nov 2011
  13. 13. Flexibility Flexibility (Stiffness & Springback) CW SPI MDC97P0053 2.5Stiffness (Ounces) 2 1.5 XL-ETFE 1 Composite 0.5 0 /44-22 vs /82-22 /33-26 vs /82-26 Material Tested 22 Nov 2011
  14. 14. Notch Propagation Notch Propagation Results (Wright Laboratory Report "WL-TR-91-4066")(66% Notch Depth) 100 Cycles to Failure 80 60 XL-ETFE 40 Composite 20 0 /43-22 /43-22 /44-22 /44-22 /33-26 /33-26 /86-22 /86-22 /92-22 /92-22 /82-26 /82-26 NEW AGED NEW AGED NEW AGED22 Nov 2011
  15. 15. Temperature Rating • Composites 260oC over NPC conductorM22759/80-92 require a Thermal Indextest at rated temperature for 10,000 hoursas a qualification test22 Nov 2011
  16. 16. Smoke Generation Optical Smoke Density (After 20 Minutes) (Wright Laboratory Report "WL-TR-91-4066") 170.3Optical Smoke Density (Ds) 150 109.7 100 XL-ETFE Composite 50 1.7 1.3 0 /43-22 vs /86-22 /44-22 vs /92-22 22 Nov 2011
  17. 17. SEAMLESS Advantage: Weight Seamless T Weight Reduction Light Weight Seamless T Weight Reduction (Compared to Tefzel) (Compared to Polyalkene) 12.0% 7.0% 10.0% 6.0% 8.0% 5.0% Percent Percent 6.0% 4.0% 3.0% 4.0% 2.0% 2.0% 1.0% 0.0% 0.0% 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 Wire Gage Wire Gage THE TAKE AWAY: SEAMLESS weighs between 2 and 10% less than ETFE and 2 to 6% less than polyalkene insulated wires. With a customer BOM an exact weight savings can be calculated. Note: Comparison of Typical Maximum Weights22 Nov 2011
  18. 18. SEAMLESS Advantage: Size THE TAKE AWAY: Cross linked ETFE SEAMLESS SEAMLESS requires 15-20% less cross sectional area than Cross Sectional Area Reduction an equivalent ETFE wire bundle; SEAMLESS Composite v. X-Linked ETFE economizing space and increasing 25.0% routing density. 20.0% Looking at a 22 AWG example, 15.0% 24 seamless wires can be routed 10.0% in the same space as an equivalent 5.0% 0.0% 20 wire ETFE bundle. 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 AWG Size Note: Comparison of Typical Maximum OD22 Nov 2011
  19. 19. Mechanical Toughness Dynamic Cut Through Results (Thin Wall) (Wright Laboratory Report "WL-TR-91-4066") 60.0Cut Through (Pounds) 50.0 M22759/44-22 40.0 (NEW) 30.0 M22759/44-22 (AGED) 20.0 M22759/92-22 10.0 (NEW) 0.0 M22759/92-22 23 70 150 200 (AGED) Temperature (Celsius) 22 Nov 2011
  20. 20. Mechanical Toughness Dynamic Cut Through Results (Normal Wall) (Wright Laboratory Report "WL-TR-91-4066")Cut Through (Pounds) 70.0 60.0 M22759/43-22 50.0 (NEW) 40.0 M22759/43-22 30.0 (AGED) 20.0 M22759/86-22 10.0 (NEW) 0.0 M22759/86-22 23 70 150 200 (AGED) Temperature (Celsius) 22 Nov 2011
  21. 21. UV Laser Marking 66% Average contrast on white wire22 Nov 2011
  22. 22. SEAMLESS in use The introduction of the Thermax SEAMLESS insulation system has clear advantages over other wire types but what about it’s use on the shop floor?22 Nov 2011
  23. 23. SEAMLESS Assembly No Edge No Edge No edge lessens the likelihood of catching•Faster installation and the robust, tough•Less Rework surface is les likely to•Less Scrap get scraped, scratched, or damaged THE TAKE AWAY: SEAMLESS pulls easily and seamed ridges do not catch during installation. 22 Nov 2011
  24. 24. SEAMLESS Advantage: Assembly Standard Composite Technology THE TAKE AWAY: SEAMLESSTechnology SEAMLESS strips cleanly minimizing assembly time22 Nov 2011
  25. 25. SEAMLESS Advantage: Construction THERMAX SEAMLESS Competitive Product THE TAKE AWAY: Layer –to-layer adhesion eliminates delamination and further improves abrasion resistance.22 Nov 2011
  26. 26. Conclusions • Composite Construction Solved many Technical Issues • Seamless PTFE Technology showed further improvements – Reduces Handling and Installation Damage – Improves UV markability/contrast. – Improves Resistance to Wet Arc PropagationMaking SEAMLESS the first choice for Airframe wiretoday!22 Nov 2011

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