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Global summitpres2011


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juliana fashanu's presentation to indiana global summit, december 10 2012

juliana fashanu's presentation to indiana global summit, december 10 2012

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  • 2.
    • WATER 101-
    • The Issue At Hand
    • “ The trouble with our times is that the future is not what it used to be“
    • - Paul Valery
  • 3. Water Is…
    • 70.9% of the Earth's surface.
    • Approximately 66% of the human body.
    • A part of 100% of all human organs.
    • 75% of the human brain.
    • 25% of human bones.
    • 83% of human blood.
    • Vital for all known forms of life.
    • Essential to agricultural and industrial development.
    • Undoubtedly, one of the most important elements known to man.
    • Water IS life.
    • However, only 1% of the worlds water is drinkable .
  • 4.
    • ACCESS
  • 5. Global Facts : Access
    • Today’s water crisis is not an issue of scarcity, but of access.
    • 884 million people lack access to safe water supplies; approximately one in eight people.
    • 1.1 billion people in the world do not have access to safe drinking water, roughly one-sixth of the world's population .
    • If we did nothing other than provide access to clean water, without any other medical intervention, we could save 2 million lives a year .
    • The water we drink today is the same water the dinosaurs drank—there is no new water .
    • According to USAID, one-third of the population of the earth will be facing severe or chronic water shortages by the year 2025.
    • Collectively, the women of South Africa walk the equivalent of the distance to the moon and back 16 times a day just to get water.
  • 6. Global Facts: Sanitation
    • 50 percent of people on earth lack adequate sanitation.
    • Half of the world’s 500 major rivers are seriously depleted or polluted .
    • More people in the world own cell phones than have access to toilets .
    • Of the 60 million people added to the world’s cities every year, the vast majority of them live in impoverished areas that have no sanitation facilities whatsoever.
    • Four liters (1 gallon) of gasoline can contaminate approximately 2.8 million liters (750,000 gallons) of water.
    • It is estimated that 75 percent of the surface water in India alone is now contaminated by human and agricultural waste.
    • In the developing world, 90 percent of all wastewater is discharged completely untreated into local rivers, streams or lakes.
    • In China, 80 percent of all major rivers have become so horribly polluted that they do not support any aquatic life at all at this point.
    • There are more than 300,000 contaminated groundwater sites in the United States.
  • 7. National Facts: Consumption
    • Today, the United States uses approximately 148 trillion gallons of fresh water a year.
    • The average American uses 100 to 175 gallons of water per day. Where as, the average African Family uses 5 gallons and the average European uses 53 gallons per day.
    • It takes 5 liters of water to make 1 liter of bottled water.
    • It takes 2,900 gallons of water to produce one quarter pound hamburger (just the meat).
    • About 25,700 liters (6,800 gallons ) of water is required to grow a day's food for a family of four.
    • It takes 7,000 liters (1,850 gallons) of water to refine one barrel of crude oil .
    • To manufacture new cars 148,000 liters (39,000 gallons) of water are used per car .
  • 8. National Facts: Drought
    • According to the U.S. government, 36 U.S. states are already facing water shortages or will be facing water shortages within the next few years.
    • According to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the U.S. interior west is now the driest that it has been in 500 years .
    • The Ogallala Aquifer, which is a massive underground lake that stretches from South Dakota all the way to Texas,  is rapidly drying up .  The Ogallala Aquifer is believed to be the largest body of fresh water in the world, and right now it is being drained at a rate of approximately 800 gallons per minute.
    • It is estimated that California only has a 20 year supply of fresh water left.
    • It is estimated that New Mexico only has a 10 year supply of fresh water left.
    • Texas is has experienced one of the driest stretches that it has ever seen.  Right now, approximately 81 percent of the state of Texas is experiencing “exceptional drought” conditions, and wildfires have burned an astounding 3.6 million acres in the state .
  • 10. Water Is Food
    • Of the less than 1 percent of freshwater available for human use, a whopping 70 percent goes toward growing food and raising animals.
    • Food consumption is probably the biggest slice of the water footprint , especially diets consisting of meat from cows and other animals fed with water-intensive crops, such as corn.
    • As water becomes less accessible, so does food .
    • In areas where food is not taken for granted—often the same areas where droughts and flooding hit the hardest—there are 850 million people annually suffering from malnutrition .
    • Due to a lack of water, Saudi Arabia has given up on trying to grow wheat and will be 100 percent dependent on wheat imports by the year 2016 .
  • 11. Water Is Energy
    • Energy and water are inextricably linked. Water generates power and large amounts of power cleans and deliver water.
    • Nearly 6 percent of electricity in the U.S. comes from hydroelectric sources, which capture the natural energy stored in moving water and convert it into electricity.
    • All of this pumping and disinfection, especially of salt water, can be very energy intensive, requiring large amounts of nonrenewable resources , such as coal.
    • The nexus between energy-water can help shine a light on our dependency on both and lead us toward conservation .
  • 12. Water Is Health & Sanitation
    • Diarrhea contracted by unclean water remains the second leading cause of death among children under five globally.
    • Nearly one in five child deaths – about 1.5 million each year – is due to diarrhea. It kills more young children than AIDS, malaria and measles combined .
    • Almost one-tenth of the global disease burden could be prevented by improving water supply, sanitation, hygiene and management of water resources.
    • The majority of the worlds diseases are caused by inadequate sanitation .
    • Half of the world's hospital beds are filled with people suffering from water related illnesses.
  • 13. Water Is Life
    • 2.2 million people in developing countries, most of them children, die every year from diseases associated with lack of access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene.
    • The water and sanitation crisis claims more lives through disease than any war claims through guns.
    • Every 8 seconds, a child dies from a water-related disease. So by the time this presentation is over, in just this ½ hour, 225 children would have died for lack of access to safe drinking water.
    • A person can live about a month without food, but only about a week without water.
  • 15. 1.6 billion people live in areas where there is water, but they can't afford to drink it. Source: International Water Management Institute
  • 16. New US Ground Water Map Reveals Severity December 1, 2011 at 12:01 am (PT) It appears that more than one-third of the US is lacking groundwater at this time, some areas quite severely.
  • 17. By 2025, two-thirds of the world will live under conditions of water scarcity . Source: Arlington Institute
  • 18. India WILL run out of water in the near future .
  • 19. Total Population: Less that 50% have Access to Sanitation . Source: World Health Organization and UNICEF
  • 20. SO WHAT CAN I DO?
  • 21. Better Living = Access to Better Water for All Next Steps Solutions
    • Get Educated
      • Knowing what is wrong is half way to knowing what to do.
    • Getting Involved
      • Conservation is the key to strengthening our collective future.
      • Give what you can; Time, money, effort and care for others are an endless need to a growing crisis.
      • What can YOU do?
      • Volunteer at a disaster site
      • Assist in sponsoring a water project
      • Volunteer for a global water initiative
      • Learn about water usage and sanitation and teach others
      • Create your own water event and donate the funds to an at risk area/or project
      • Turn off the tap when not in use
      • Save $1 a day and once a month give the gift of clean water for years to a child in need.
  • 22.
    • We are not divided by water, we are connected through it and by it.
    • -2011 Indiana Global Water Summit
  • 23. THANK YOU. The IAMH20 Foundation seeks to support long-term sustainable solutions to the growing water crisis affecting developing countries, today. Our mission is simple, we aim to bring awareness to and support for the improvement of drinking water world wide . Mrs. Juliana Fashanu is the Founder the IAMH20 Foundation . A BODY OF WATER IS A FORCE OF NATURE: I AM H20.