Because all of these methods produce estimates of exposure in terms of mass per unit area its often assumed they are interchangeable. They are not! Interception methods measure… >> Do the experiment
Dermal exposure – it’s not like inhalation exposure
Modelling dermal exposure:
Tier 1 tools (TRA, MEASE, RISKOFDERM…)
Dermal ART – just a DREAM?
Heavy fuel oil – an example illustrating where we are going
Schneider and colleagues… Schneider et al. Conceptual model for assessment of dermal exposure. Occup Environ Med (1999) vol. 56 (11) pp. 765-73 Surface contamination layer Air compartment Clothing outer layer Skin contamination layer Source Clothing inner layer
DREAM… van Wendel de Joode et al. DREAM: A method for semi-quantitative dermal exposure assessment. Annals of Occupational Hygiene (2003) vol. 47 (1) pp. 71-87 Emission Deposition Transfer Clothing Body surface factor