Nepal fh20112011
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Nepal fh20112011

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  • Introduction 5’ General background on Nepal 10’ Millennium Development Goals and Human Development Indicators 15’ Political context 10’ Outlook 5’

Nepal fh20112011 Nepal fh20112011 Presentation Transcript

  • Nepal Mountains, Maoists, Monarchists, and the MDGs Development aid in a country where the opportunities are unique and the challenges sky-high. Johannes Chudoba, UN Peace Support Coordinator, Kathmandu
  • Structure
    • Introduction
    • General background on Nepal
    • Millennium Development Goals and Human Development Indicators
    • Political context
    • Outlook
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  • Introduction
    • Mountains, Maoists, Monarchists, the Media, - and the MDGs
      • General tools for looking at developing countries
      • Individual / unique case of Nepal
      • Critique of the media and our “absorption capacity”
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  • Background on Nepal
    • Area: 147,000 km2 (twice Austria), somewhat larger than Greece
    • arable land: 16%
    • Population: 28,200,000 – however millions not registered
    • average age: 20.3 years
    • Independence: 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan Shah); never conquered / colonised
    • GDP (official exchange rate): $6.6 billion (2005 est.); agriculture: 38%, industry: 21%, services: 41% (2005 est.)
    • GDP - real growth rate: 2.7% (2005 est.)
    • GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,400 (2005 est.)
    • Agriculture - products:
    • rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops; milk, water buffalo meat
    • Industries:
    • tourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production
    • Politics:
    • Ex-Monarchy, following People’s Movement and 10 years of People’s War (Maoists fought the establishment between 1996 and 2006)
    • e.g. https://cia.gov/cia//publications/factbook/geos/np.html
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  • Millennium Development Goal 1
    • Poverty & hunger
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  • Millennium Development Goal 2
    • Primary education for all
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  • Millennium Development Goal 3
    • Gender equality
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  • Millennium Development Goal 4
    • Child
    • mortality
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  • Millennium Development Goal 5
    • Maternal health
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  • Millennium Development Goal 6
    • HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria
  • Millennium Development Goal 7
    • Environmental sustainability and safe water
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  • Millennium Development Goal 8
    • Global partnership / infrastructure
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  • Human Development Indicators
  • Human Development Index
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  • Political Context
    • Independence: 1768; never conquered / colonised
    • 1951: end of century-old system of hereditary premiers - cabinet system
    • 1990: multiparty democracy within a constitutional monarchy.
    • 1996: Maoists’ “people’s war”
    • 2001: crown prince massacred ten members of the royal family, including the king and queen
    • 2002: the new king dismissed the prime minister and his cabinet for "incompetence"
    • February 2005 the King dissolved the government, declared a state of emergency, imprisoned party leaders, and retained absolute power until April 2006.
    • After nearly three weeks of mass protests organized by the seven-party opposition and the Maoists, the king allowed parliament to reconvene on 28 April 2006.
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  • Outlook
    • Maoists and Seven Party Alliance (SPA) have moved the Peace Process at an enormous pace; challenges ahead:
      • Interim Constitution
      • Interim Government
      • Constitutional Assembly Elections
      • Demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration
      • Security sector reform, justice sector reform
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