Origin of the universe


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Big Bang Theory

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Origin of the universe

  1. 1. Theological theory Big Bang Theory Mrs. Johanna Fabre LOGOS Academy
  2. 2. In the beginning… there was nothing”.
  3. 3. Reality: space expands When there are more space between galaxies, they “move” away from each other Analogy: dots on an expanding balloon
  4. 4. Jeremiah 10:12 But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. Isaiah 45:12 It is I who made the earth and created mankind upon it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; I marshaled their starry hosts.
  5. 5. • The composition of our sun is just right, the distance of the Earth to the sun is just right, the size of the Earth is just right, the orbit of the Earth is just right, the size of our moon is just right and even the giant planets (Jupiter) are just right for life on Earth… “Coincidences” in the formation of the Universe
  6. 6. Theological theory
  7. 7. • The simple answer to the question is… BOTH!! It is not a question of science seeking to destroy faith, or faith seeking to assert its superiority over science. It is rather that both are legitimate visions of the world.
  8. 8. • Albert Einstein's Theory of relativity - 1 Jan 1915 Albert Einstein unveils his theory of general relativity in which he proposes that mass warps both time and space, therefore large masses can bend light. Hubble's and Hooker's Telescope - 1 Jan 1918 Measured distance and velocities of galaxies. This telescope was the first major telescope to observe space in great detail. This was key to the development of The Big Bang. Alexander Friedmann - 1 Jan 1922 He discovered the expanding-universe solution to the general relativity field equations. He basically solved Einsteins theory allowing us to further our discoveries on the universe and The Big Bang. In 1927, Lemaître published in Belgium a virtually unnoticed paper that provided a compelling solution to the equations of General Relativity for the case of an expanding universe. His solution had, in fact, already been derived without his knowledge by the Russian Alexander Friedmann in 1922 Hubbles Law - 1 Jan 1929 Named after Edwin Hubble which describes how the galaxies appear to be moving away from us at speeds proportional to their distance. It's like the planets are accelerating out away from us. This was key to developing the big bang theory. This observation supports the expansion of the universe and suggests that the universe was once compacted and started somewhere.
  9. 9. • George Gamow -1 Apr 1948 Gamow produced an important cosmogony paper with his student Ralph Alpher, which was published as "The Origin of Chemical Elements." This was known as the Alpher- Bethe-Gamow theory, which is measured levels of hydrogen and helium in the universe largely explained by reactions that occurred during the "big bang". Bell Tower discovery - 1 Jan 1965 The radiation was acting as a source of excess noise in a radio receiver they were building. They concluded that the radiation was the noise of our once whole universe exploding.
  10. 10. • The Nebular Theory • According to the nebular hypothesis, stars form in massive and dense clouds of molecular hydrogen—giant molecular clouds (GMC). They are gravitationally unstable, and matter coalesces to smaller denser clumps within, which then proceed to collapse and form stars. Star formation is a complex process, which always produces a gaseous protoplanetary disk around the young star. This may give birth to planets in certain circumstances, which are not well known. Thus the formation of planetary systems is thought to be a natural result of star formation. • Collision theory • Buffon discussed the origins of the solar system, speculating that the planets had been created by a comet's collision with the sun.
  11. 11. Big Bang matter Density location 4.500 million years ago… chemical process: LIFE! Less meteorite collisions, oceans and igneus rocks
  12. 12. • The Big Bang Theory explains… • Elaborate a Gowin V with the most important information • 1. What I want to know is 2. Theorical frame 3. Basis 4. Observations Conclusion s