Safer Curves On Multiple Lane Roads Granlund
- 906 views
Many road users have crashed at high speed in sharp curves during slippery road conditions. To reduce the skid risk following high lateral forces, outercurves are banked into superelevation. Road ...
Many road users have crashed at high speed in sharp curves during slippery road conditions. To reduce the skid risk following high lateral forces, outercurves are banked into superelevation. Road designers are guided by design codes into what superelevation values to select among, given a reference speed and curve radius. Curve design codes are based on analysis of cornering forces acting on AASHO’s point-mass model of a vehicle. While the design codes typically yield curves with acceptable safety level, there is a systematic problem with skid accidents on multiple lane curves. This paper discusses a causal factor and recommends changes in curve design codes as well as actions to improve safety in existing unsafe curves. Current road design practise approximates the vehicle travelled path (and thus lateral force) by the road curvature, which is reasonable on small roads. On multiple lane roads however, many drivers are changing lane also in sharp curves since no oncoming traffic is present. When shifting lane quickly, the vehicle experience a transient “curve radius” much sharper than indicated by the road curve radius. This can yield higher lateral force than the road design code have considered. Then the superelevation may be insufficient - when the road is slippery - to outbalance the cornering force. As a rule by thumb, sharp curves on multiple lane roads with high speed traffic should have maximum allowed cross slope in order to increase stability.
- Total Views
- Views on SlideShare
- Embed Views