Health Care Police AndNursing Informatics As a Specialty
Nurses have contributed to the purchase, design, and implementation of Information Systems (IS) since the 1970’s In 1992, the ANA recognized NI as a specialty
A specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science and information science to manage and communicate data, information and knowledge nursing practice
The NI team believes that it is essential to practice in an interdisciplinary team. An example of this is the vocabulary summit held at Vanderbilt College annually since 1999
To become a a specialty it was necessary for NI to show that educational programs are available to prepare nurses to practice in the field
Healthcare Policy Impact OnNursing Informatics Practice
Nursing has experienced nursing shortages in recent history In US hospital admissions it was estimated that between 44,000 and 98,000 patients die each year from medical history.
The report recommended the implementation of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems requiring the prescriber to enter data directly into computer systems to reduce medication errors.
California law 1875 that was passes in 2003, applies pressure to install IT to help healthcare professionals reduce medical errors The National Alliance For Health Information Technology (NAHIT) is partnership of diverse healthcare leaders who are working to influence the use of technology to improve patient safety, quality and efficiency.
National InformaticsInitiatives and NursingInformatics
On April 27, 2004 president George W. Bush issued an executive order “Incentives for the use of position of the Health Information Technology Coordinator” that has the potential to impact every healthcare entity, provider, and NI professional in the U.S
The American Association of Retired persons (AARP), with 35million members support mandatory electronic prescribing rules and federal efforts to increase adoption of CPOE, (computerized physician entry.)
Health Insurance Portabilityand Accountability Act(HIPAA)
Passed in 1996 and is intended to improve public and private healthcare programs by establishing standards to facilitate the transmission of electronic information
In 1997 the DN convened the National Nursing Informatics Work Group (NNIWG) to make recommendations to the national Advisory Council for Nursing Education and practice (NACNEP) for setting the nations nursing informatics agenda (NIA) for nursing education and practice
Educate nursing students and practicing nurses in core informatics content Prepare nurses for specialized skills in informatics Enhance nursing practice and education through informatics projects Prepare nursing faculty in informatics Increase collaborative efforts in NI5 key directions for informatics innursing education and practice
The use of electronic information and telecommunications technology to support long distance clinical health care, patient and professional healthcare related education, public health and health administration.Telehealth and NI