Undocumented College Student Presentation


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This presentation is about the need for immigration reform as it relates to students that have a desire to pursue higher education. It provides demographic information about the current undocumented student population in the US as well as how to emotionally support undocumented college students.

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  • Stability: Requirements can change or it can be taken awayBecause it’s not a law, you can’t appeal decision
  • Deferred Action is basically allowing individuals to stay.Government is saying “we know you’re here. We’re just going to defer your removal”
  • Deferred Action is temporary but just subject to renewal after two yearsWith DACA, you apply for a work permit as well, which is a government issued photo IDWith a work permit, you can then apply for a Social Security NumberWith an work permit and a Social Security Number, you can apply for an ID/DL & open a bank account
  • Ineligible for Federal and State Financial AidLoans, Grants, Work StudyIf Student is resident or citizen, but parents are undocumented student qualifies.Follow instructions on FAFSA 999-99-9999Parents will need to complete their taxes using their ITIN (Individual Taxpayer Identification Number)
  • Students are not legally eligible to work before, during, or after college.Unless they have a DACA #
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  • Undocumented College Student Presentation

    1. 1. Undocumented. Unsupported. Unacceptable. Joel Pérez, Dean of Inclusion & Student Leadership Programs/Chief Diversity Officer George Fox University
    2. 2. Who is in the room?
    3. 3. Why is this topic important for us? The number of undocumented students in the K- 12 system will be looking to go to college Increase in documented and undocumented blended families across the U.S. Impact on the education system across the U.S.
    4. 4. Why is this topic important? All people working within the education system will continue to work with this population group All of us have the responsibility to be aware of this situation and become informed about its current state This topic effects all of those for and against laws allowing undocumented students to attend a public school system and, in some states, provide in-state tuition and financial aid
    5. 5. Road Map Who are they? Federal & State Policies Challenges Helping students persist Life after college Emotional and mental health Effective strategies Resources
    6. 6. 6 Who are they?
    7. 7. Immigration Status Entered without authorization Entered with Visa and overstayed visa Are currently in the process of legalizing
    8. 8. National Population Estimates *Urban Institute 2009 Country Undocumented Population in US Mexico 6.65 Million El Salvador 530,000 Guatemala 480,000 Honduras 320,000 Philippines 270,000 India 200,000 Korea 200,000 Ecuador 170,000 Brazil 150,000 China 120,000 Canada 75,000
    9. 9. National Statistics Total population in the US: 11- 12 million people Under 18: Over 1.1 million people Annual high school graduates: 65,000 students Enroll in college each year: 7,000 – 13,000 students
    10. 10. Federal & State Policies
    11. 11. Overview of State Policies  In-state Tuition (NCSL.org)  California  Texas  Utah  New York  Washington  Oklahoma  Oregon  Illinois  Kansas  New Mexico  Maryland  Nebraska  Connecticut  Colorado
    12. 12.  Plyler vs. Doe & Martinez vs. Regents  Prohibit In-State Tuition  Arizona  Colorado  Indiana  South Carolina  Banned students from applying to certain colleges  Alabama  Banned students from applying to certain colleges Overview of State Policies
    13. 13.  State Financial Aid  California (AB 130 & AB 131)  New Mexico  Texas  Illinois Overview of State Policies
    14. 14. Federal D.R.E.A.M. Act  Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act (2001)  Came before age of 16  Graduated HS or Equivalent  12-30 years old at point of solicitation  5 consecutive years in the US  Good moral character  The Process  6 year conditional residency Eligible to work, drive, take out loan Not eligible for state/federal aid  2 years of college or military service
    15. 15. DACA Background  DACA=Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals  Announced on June 15, 2012  Available as of August 15, 2012 DACA is a DHS Policy, not a law or a Presidential Order Why does this matter?
    16. 16. Not in removal proceedings Currently in removal proceedings Have a removal order How does DACA help? Avoid being removed if…
    17. 17. DACA is Temporary Deferred Action Work authorization (Employment Authorization Document) Social security number Open an account at any financial institution Federal photo ID Driver’s license/State ID? Renewable after two years
    18. 18. What DACA is NOT Legal Immigration Status Green Card Pathway to Citizenship The DREAM Act Legalization Amnesty
    19. 19. Challenges for Undocumented Students
    20. 20. Drivers License
    21. 21. College Admissions
    22. 22. Financial Aid
    23. 23. Employment
    24. 24. Helping Students Persist
    25. 25. • Establish trust and build relationships with students and their families • Give them hope, tell students they can go to colleges, but some options are not available to them • Be open-minded, don’t make assumptions about which students are undocumented Helping Students Persist
    26. 26. Helping Students Persist Partnership with community & church organizations Help students develop their network and identify people who can help them Refer students to qualified legal counsel
    27. 27. Helping Student Persist Network Provide support network Be aware of your own assumptions about the undocumented. Undocumented students are a diverse group who are not individually distinguishable from every other student. Each group has its own cultural tendencies about revealing themselves to others.
    28. 28. Helping Students Persist If a student reveals that he or she is undocumented or their parents, do not interrogate them about their immigration status Do not assume that you know what it means to be undocumented. They may not want you to do anything, as much as they need information or referral
    29. 29. Life After College
    30. 30. Earning a Living In this section, we have outlined some legal ways to earn money in the United States. It is a student’s responsibility to determine whether he/she may legally pursue these options based on his/her immigration status. He/she should be sure to consult with an experienced immigration lawyer first.
    31. 31. Independent Contractor Student can provide client with either SSN or ITIN Student is not required to discuss immigration status with clients Basic guidelines for independent contract work Examples Tutoring Promotions
    32. 32. Worker-Owned Cooperatives or LLCs Student is co-owner of business Student is not required to provide any personal information to client (use LLC EIN) Student is not required to discuss immigration status with clients No employee-employer relationship
    33. 33. 33 Emotional & Mental Health
    34. 34. 34 Emotional & Mental Health Displaced Discriminated Targeted
    35. 35. 35 Displacement Leave Escape poverty, violence & persecution Leave home behind Crossing the border Assimilation Lack of resources Conflicting values Unfamiliar with institutions Never Return Trapped
    36. 36. 36 Discriminated Limitations as a result of immigration status Cannot legally be employed Cannot get a driver’s license Can be deported at any point if reported or caught Cannot access spaced that require a valid state or federal ID Cannot access federal/state financial aid Cannot travel to places with checkpoints Cannot vote Cannot travel outside the country Cannot get licensed as a professional
    37. 37. 37 Targeted Come to understand our immigration status as dangerous to them and their families
    38. 38. 38 Targeted Detention Deportation Denied access to basic necessities Verbally/Physically Attacked Rejected & Isolated Abused or Exploited Dehumanized
    39. 39. Creating a Safe Space  Awareness of Citizen Privilege  Awareness of language  Courageous conversations  Posters, books, articles, stickers…  DON’T ask students to self-identify  Create a physical space
    40. 40.  Not Just Undocumented…  Find your sacred space  Learn how to DREAM again…  Make Allies  Connect with emotional, mental & spiritual support Reclaiming & Healing
    41. 41. Effective Strategies Take responsibility for your own education on issues related to the undocumented. Assume that the issues of prejudice and discrimination of immigrants and others are everyone’s concern, not just the concern of those who are targets of prejudice and discrimination
    42. 42. Effective Strategies Assume that young people have a right to education and they have done nothing wrong to become undocumented Assume that immigration policy changes and it is just a matter of time before there is comprehensive immigration reform that gives law abiding, educated young people a pathway to legal residency and naturalization
    43. 43. Effective Strategies Assume that US raised undocumented immigrant youth want to stay in the US and realize the “American Dream” as much as any other US born and raised youth Avoid engaging in giving advice or assistance that would compromise their future pathway to citizenship
    44. 44. Effective Strategies Create opportunities for allies to reduce xenophobia and create a welcoming campus climate Within the spirit of academic standards and legal requirements, become flexible about course and program requirements so that they do not cause barriers for undocumented students’ academic success Graciously accept any gratitude you may receive, but do not expect gratitude.
    45. 45. Resources Financial Aid www.maldef.org www.scholarshipsaz.org www.e4fc.org
    46. 46. Resources Internet National Immigration Forum www.immigrationforum.org Friends Committee on National Legislation www.fcnl.org/immigration/ Mennonite Central Committee mcc.org/mccstore (search “immigration” for free downloads) Christians for Comprehensive Immigration Reform faithandimmigration.org
    47. 47. Resources Books Enrique’s Journey by Sonia Nazario A Home on the Field: How One Championship Soccer Team Inspires Hope for the Revival of Small Town America by Paul Cuadros Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Era of Economic Integration by Douglas S. Massey Stubborn Twig: Three Generations in the Life of a Japanese American Family by Lauren Kessler Hunger of Memory by Richard Rodriguez The Bean Trees by Barbara Kingsolver The Tortilla Curtain by T.C. Boyle Girls Like Us by Helen Thorpe Other authors: Isabelle Allende, Julia Alvarez, Jimmy Santiago Baca, Sandra Cisneros, Francisco Jimenez, Pat Mora, Luis Rodriguez
    48. 48. Resources Films The Visitor (2007, Drama, PG-13) Crossing Over (2009, Drama, R) Under the Same Moon (2007, Drama, PG-13) A Day Without a Mexican (2004, Comedy, Drama, Fantasy, R) Sin Nombre (2009, Drama, R) Which Way Home (2009, Documentary) Papers: Stories of undocumented youth (2009, Documentary) A Better Life (2011, Drama, PG-13) Spanglish (2004, Comedy, PG-13) My Family/Mi Familia (1995, Drama, R) El Norte (1984, Drama, N/R) Food, Inc. (2008, Documentary, PG)
    49. 49. Contact Information @joelperezdp jperez@georgefox.edu joel.perez (503) 554-2305 Joel Pérez, Ph.D. Website joelperez.net