J guerra copyright and fair usePresentation Transcript
Copyright and Fair use in the informational Age Explained!!“A Storm of Comets”-http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/
What is Copyright
What is copyrighted?• Your lesson plans• The worksheets your create• A book report written by a student or educator• A photograph you take• The home video from your last trip “Copyright Symbol”-http://www.copyrightauthority.com/copyright-symbol/
Copyright?• A form of protection provided by law in the United States to authors of original works.• Copyright allows the originator – The right to reproduce and/or distribute their work – The right to display or perform their work publicly – The right to prepare derivatives of the original work“Copyright Law of the United States”-http://www.copyright.gov/title17/
What Materials are Copyrighted?• Anything that you create is automatically copyrighted. – Written works: Lesson plans, worksheets created – Sound recordings, song lyrics and/or music – Works of art – Video and motion picture works
Copyright Protection“Simply putting thepen to the paper or inthe electronic medium,putting the fingers tothe save key creates acopyrighted work.”-Georgia K. Harper Harper, G.K. (2007):Using materials from the internet. In Copyright Crash Course. Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/useofweb.html http://www.designzzz.com/how-to-create-resume-guide-designers/
LicensesA way to minimize certain use:• add a specific license• CREATIVE COMMON LICENSESCreative Commons (2012). Retrieved from Sept. 1, 2012, fromhttp://creativecommons.org/
Role of Fair use• “Fair use plays a critical role in the analog world where duplicating technology is cumbersome and authors make money by controlling copies. “- Georgia K. HarperHarper, G.K. (2007):Using materials from the internet. In Copyright Crash Course.Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/useofweb.html
Fair Use Guidelines • Are a part of the US Copyright Act. • Allow teachers and students the ability to use copyrighted materials for educational purposes. • There is a four part test that determines if the use of a copyrighted material is fair use. Harper, G.K. (2007):Fair use of copyrighted materials. In Copyright Crash Course. Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/copypol2.htmlhttp://www.confusedveterans.com/cms/index.php/component/content/article?id=438-regulation:fairusepolicy&catid=23
The Four Factors that Determine Fair Use• The purpose and character of the use• The nature of the copyrighted work• The amount of the work used• The effect of the use on the marketplace Harper, G.K. (2007):Fair use of copyrighted materials. In Copyright Crash Course. Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/copypol2.html http://blog.campaignasia.com/mike-fromowitz/four-things-i-am-certain-of/
There is no legal, definitive list of what constitutes fair use • Items and Discussions have been made by several organizations to try to quantify how much of an item can be used under fair use. • The only true explanation of whether the educational use of a copyrighted work constitutes fair use is the court system. Harper, G.K. (2007):Fair use of copyrighted materials. In Copyright Crash Course. Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/copypol2.htmlhttp://littlepoets.wordpress.com/2012/05/17/day-18-making-a-list-and-checking-it-twice-poem/
Don’t Know what to Do?
Teachers should keep in mind• Fair use of copyrighted materials must be an integral part of a class.• Movies shown as a reward do not qualify as fair use.• Rampant duplication of materials instead of purchasing instructional materials is not fair use (effect on the market). http://www.create-a-healthy-flexible-body.com/pain-relief-using-the-mind.html
Teachers should keep in mind• Encourage students to use online databases to find images and video used in student projects (Power Library or locally funded).• Encourage the use of government sites for images.• Discourage surfing the Internet for factual information and images for student projects.
Teachers should keep in mind• Citing a work is not the same as having permission to use the work.• Requesting for permission to use is always a good option.• Duplicating a work and changing a few words is not fair use.• Students have a wider range of rights under fair use than teachers.
FINAL THOUGHT • Educators must understand the basics of copyright. • Educators have a responsibility to model compliance to copyright. • Educators should always ask for permission to use works that are likely not fair use. • Educators must insure that students use information for projects in an ethical manner.http://accelerateddecrepitude.blogspot.com/2012/04/squeezeenglish-beat-rams-head-live.html
REFERENCES• U.S. Copyright Office. (2012), Fair Use. U.S. Copyright Law• Harper, G.K. (2007):Fair use of copyrighted materials. In Copyright Crash Course.• Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/copypol2.html• Harper, G.K. (2007):Using materials from the internet. In Copyright Crash Course.• Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/useofweb.html• Harper, G.K. (2007):Fair use of copyrighted materials. In Copyright Crash Course.• Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/useofweb.htmlIMAGE CREDITS• “Copyright Symbol”-http://www.copyrightauthority.com/copyright-symbol/• http://www.designzzz.com/how-to-create-resume-guide-designers/• Creative Commons (2012). Retrieved from Sept. 1, 2012, from• http://creativecommons.org/• http://www.confusedveterans.com/cms/index.php/component/content/article?id=438-regulation:fairusepolicy&catid=23• http://blog.campaignasia.com/mike-fromowitz/four-things-i-am-certain-of/• http://littlepoets.wordpress.com/2012/05/17/day-18-making-a-list-and-checking-it-twice-poem/• http://www.create-a-healthy-flexible-body.com/pain-relief-using-the-mind.html• http://accelerateddecrepitude.blogspot.com/2012/04/squeezeenglish-beat-rams-head-live.html• http://excruciatingminutiae.wordpress.com/2010/08/11/312/• http://community.brightstar-learning.com/2011/stressofdyslexia/• http://scottsdalelawyerblog.com/2011/07/07/thats-my-song/
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