WHAT IS COPYRIGHTED?Your lesson plansThe worksheets your createA book report written by a student or educatorA photograph you takeThe home video from your last trip
COPYRIGHT?A form of protection provided by law in the United States to authors of original works.Copyright allows the originatorThe right to reproduce and/or distribute their workThe right to display or perform their work publiclyThe right to prepare derivatives of the original work
WHAT MATERIALS ARECOPYRIGHTED?Anything that you create is automatically copyrighted.Written works: Lesson plans, worksheets createdSound recordings, song lyrics and/or musicWorks of artVideo and motion picture works
COPYRIGHT PROTECTION “Simply putting the pen to the paper or in the electronic medium, putting the fingers to the save key creates a copyrighted work.”- Georgia K. HarperHarper, G.K. (2007):Using materials from the internet. In Copyright Crash Course.Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/useofweb.html
LICENSESAnything uploaded onto the internet it is naturally expected to be used in various ways because it is implied.A way to minimize certain use: add a specific licenseCREATIVE COMMON LICENSES Creative Commons (2012). Retrieved from Sept. 1, 2012, from http://creativecommons.org/
ALTERNATIVES TO COPYRIGHTCreative Commons provides an alternative for licensing works
ROLE OF FAIR USE“Fair use plays a critical role in the analog world where duplicating technology is cumbersome and authors make money by controlling copies. “- Georgia K. HarperHarper, G.K. (2007):Using materials from the internet. In Copyright Crash CourseRetrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/useofweb.html
FAIR USE GUIDELINESAre a part of the US Copyright Act.Allow teachers and students the ability to use copyrighted materials for educational purposes.There is a four part test that determines if the use of a copyrighted material is fair use.Harper, G.K. (2007):Fair use of copyrighted materials. In Copyright Crash Course.Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/copypol2.html
THE FOUR FACTORS THATDETERMINE FAIR USEThe purpose and character of the useThe nature of the copyrighted workThe amount of the work usedThe effect of the use on the marketplaceHarper, G.K. (2007):Fair use of copyrighted materials. In Copyright Crash Course.Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/copypol2.html
THERE IS NO LEGAL, DEFINITIVE LISTOF WHAT CONSTITUTES FAIR USEItems and Discussions have been made by several organizations to try to quantify how much of an item can be used under fair use.The only true explanation of whether the educational use of a copyrighted work constitutes fair use is the court system.Harper, G.K. (2007):Fair use of copyrighted materials. In Copyright Crash Course.Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/copypol2.html
STUDENT AND TEACHER USE OF IMAGES/VIDEO LEGALLY IN PROJECTS OR INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS?Use online databases licensed by your school district.Use images/video in United Streaming or a similar digital multimedia service.Use a web site with Creative Commons licensing.Request permission from the copyright holder.
TEACHERS SHOULD KEEP INMINDFair use of copyrighted materials must be an integral part of a class.Movies shown as a reward do not qualify as fair use.Rampant duplication of materials instead of purchasing instructional materials is not fair use (effect on
TEACHERS SHOULD KEEP INMINDEncourage students to use online databases to find images and video used in student projects (Power Library or locally funded).Discourage surfing the Internet for factual information and images for student projects.Encourage the use of government sites for
TEACHERS SHOULD KEEP INMINDCiting a work is not the same as having permission to use the work.Requesting for permission to use is always a good option.Duplicating a work and changing a few words is not fair use.Students have a wider range of rights under fair use than teachers.
CAUTION:BEWARE OF WEB CONTENTUnless you know the owner of the web site to be a reputable company, beware of any “free” images or music.Realize that web site owners sometimes embed spyware or other unwanted software in content from their site.Don’t allow students to use content from any web site that requires them to register and provide personal information.
FINAL THOUGHTEducators must understand the basics of copyright.Educators have a responsibility to model compliance to copyright.Educators should always ask for permission to use works that are likely not fair use.Educators must insure that students use information for projects in an ethical manner.
REFERENCESU.S. Copyright Office. (2012), Fair Use. U.S. Copyright LawHarper, G.K. (2007):Fair use of copyrighted materials. In Copyright Crash Course.Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/copypol2.htmlHarper, G.K. (2007):Using materials from the internet. In Copyright Crash Course.Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/useofweb.htmlHarper, G.K. (2007):Fair use of copyrighted materials. In Copyright Crash Course.Retrieved Sept. 1, 2012, from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/useofweb.html
CONTACT INFORMATION Jose Guerra Chemistry C.C. Winn High School Room 202 Conference period email@example.com