Cities, townships, schools

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This describes how Michigan came to have overlapping boundaries for townships, villages cities, school districts, county commission districts, congressional districts, Zip codes ... I made it for journalism students at Michigan State University. Joe Grimm

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Cities, townships, schools

  1. 1. Cities, villages, townships & more & more How places got to be the way they are Joe Grimm JRN 300
  2. 2. Systems collide Counties are biggest Townships are the basic grid Cities comes out of townships Are unincorporated places real? One-room schoolhouses grew up Ta-da! The Post Office
  3. 3. Counties Michigan has 83. We are the only state where the capital city is not in a county seat.
  4. 4. Ingham: A bunch of squares The reason Ingham looks this way goes back to 1787. Times were simple then. (No, I don’t remember personally.)
  5. 5. Northwest Ordinance, 1787
  6. 6. Northwest Ordinance also ... Set rules for statehood (leading to the Michigan-Ohio war for Toledo) Defined this area as part of the Midwest Abolished slavery in the area But did not emancipate slaves there
  7. 7. People build cities ... by rivers and rail
  8. 8. Cities come to Ingham People carve cities out of townships. And Ingham has an X factor ...
  9. 9. ’scuse our dust
  10. 10. Cities determine highways
  11. 11. But little places hang on Unincorporated and PROUD! (Try telling them they don’t exist.)
  12. 12. Schools: From one room ... districts Pink School in Mason was moved to make room for a road project.
  13. 13. ... to districts 94% of Okemos High School’s 1,390 students go on to college
  14. 14. It has not been without trouble In 1927, 45 were killed and almost 60 others injured in the attack on the Bath school. It was about consolidation and taxes.
  15. 15. Michigan has 500+ districts They do not follow city or township or even county lines.
  16. 16. Neither do Zip codes ...
  17. 17. ... nor ... U.S. Congressional districts State House and Senate districts County commission districts
  18. 18. Understand and ask We focus on taxing entities: Townships Cities School districts County
  19. 19. Thank you.

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