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Thomas Tanner (1807 – 1879) &
Mary Cruse (1812 – 1851) &
Ann Newman (1820 – 1902)
Tomas Tanner (1807 – 1879) and Mary Cruse (1812 – 1851) lived at Newbury, Berkshire, England
Boxford, where Mary was born is about 6 miles North of Newbury.
Birth 28 June 1807 Newbury, Berkshire, England
Death 28 Jul 1879 Tooele, Tooele, Utah
MARRIED 1830 Newbury, Berkshire, England
Birth 1 December 1812 Whyfield, Boxford,
Berkshire, England (6 Mi. N of Newbury)
Death 11 October 1851 Saint Louis, St Louis,
CHILDREN (1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, Emigrated with Parents), (3, 4, 9 died before 1851)
1- Thomas Tanner Jr. Birth 9 August 1831 Newberry, Berkshire, England
Death 12 May 1904 North Powder, Union, Oregon, United States
2- James Mumford Tanner Birth 4 July 1833 Whyfield, Boxford, Berks., Engl.
Death 28 July 1833 Whyfield, Boxford, Berkshire, England, United
3- William Tanner Birth 12 October 1836 Newbury, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
Death 7 Mar 1846 Newbury, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
4- Girl Tanner Birth 1838 Newbury, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
Death Abt 1838 Newbury, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
5- George Benjamin Tanner Birth 13 Oct 1839 Newbury, Berkshire, England
Death 13 Apr 1872 Tooele, Tooele, Utah
6- Ebenezer Tanner Sr. Birth 6 March 1842 Newbury, Berkshire, England
Death 25 MAY 1932 Nephi,Juab County,Ut
7- Joseph Tanner Birth 21 July 1844 Newbury, Berkshire, England, England
Death 19 April 1923 Layton, Davis, Utah, United States
8- Alma Cruse Tanner Birth 7 May 1847 Newbury, Berkshire, England
Death 8 Nov 1925 Salt Lake City,Salt Lake,UT
9- Mary Tanner Birth 1849 Woodburn Green, Berks., Engl
Death 1849 Woodburn Green, Buchanamshire, England
10- (Son) Tanner Birth 24 Sep 1851 St. Louis, MO
Death 30 Sep 1851 St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Newbury the principal town in the west of the county of Berkshire in England. It is situated on the River
Kennet and the Kennet and Avon Canal, and has a town centre containing many 17th century buildings.
Newbury is best known for its adjoining countryside, it is notable for agriculture, Highclere Castle,
ruined Donnington Castle
Genealogy written by Thomas Tanner Sr. at Toole, Utah, March 1878
I, Thomas Tanner, was born in the town of Newbury Berkshire, [England]
June the 2nd, 1807. 1 am the son of Thomas Tanner and Jemima Mumford.
In the spring of 1831, 1 married Mary Cruse, the daughter of Thomas and
We were married in the old Newbury Church.
By my wife, Mary Cruse, we have had nine children born alive, also one
untimely birth caused by my wife catching the small pox, also one
- Thomas, our first child, was born in Newbury, Berkshire, England,
August the 9, 1831.
- James Mumford Tanner was born in the village of Whyfield, Boxford,
Berkshire, England (in the home of my wife's parents), the 14th of July
- William was born in Newbury, October 12th 1836. He died of
consumption and was buried in the western part of the southern grave yard of the old church burying
ground, Newbury Berks England in the year 1845.
- George was born in Newbury, October 13th 1839. He died in Tooele City, Utah, and was buried in the
Tooele City Cemetery. He died on the 14th day of April 1875, leaving his widow, Martha Craner and
four children. George, Thomas, John, and Elizabeth.
- Ebenezer was born in Newbury, March 6th
- Joseph was born in Newbury, July 21st
- Alma was born in Newbury, May 7th
1847 (other version says 1841)
- Mary, the intended name of the girl, was born in the village of Woodburn Green Buchenhamshire,
England. She died on the day of her birth 1849, and was buried in the Woodburn Church Burying
Me and my wife Mary were both baptized members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
by Elder John Carter of Hampstead, in the spring of 1843. I was ordained to the office of an Elder by
Elder William Mayor, October 22nd 1843. We removed our family from the town of Newbury to
Woodburn Green in 1847. Woodburn Green is about 45 miles NE of Newbury. I baptized several persons
which were organized as the Woodburn Green Branch of the London Conference - consisting of eleven
members. I was ordained the president of said Branch by Elder Thomas Margrets, the then President of
the Newbury Branch of the London Conference and Elder Thomas Squires.
Mr. Thomas Howard, his wife, and family being members of the Woodburn Branch and about to
emigrate to Council Bluffs, the Winter Quarters and the gathering place of the saints driven from
Nauvoo - preparatory to their journey to the Salt Lake Valley, he, Thomsas Howard proposed to take our
family with him and he would bear all our expenses, and we all should be as one family; all of us should
share alike. We sailed from Liverpool on board the ship Olympus in charge of Captain Wilson bound for
New Orleans, America, on the 4th of March 1851.
Mr. Howard had made a calculation of what our expenses would be and stated to me that he was
sufficiently prepared to bear them, but as soon as the vessel had set sail, he signified that he had done all
he could for us and we were not to expect anything more from him. We arrived in New Orleans in the
month of April 1851 after about six weeks voyage. Wm Howell, Thos Smith, Thos Bradshaw and Wm
Henshaw, these four Elders were the presidential committee of the saints. We came by steamer to St
Louis about the 9th of May 1851. Genealogy written by Thomas Tanner Sr. at Toole, Utah, March 1878 –
(Continued after the account of Olympus)
Liverpool to New Orleans on the Olympus (4 Mar 1851 - 27 Apr 1851)
Ship Name Olympus
Departure 4 Mar 1851 from Liverpool
Arrival 27 Apr 1851 at New Orleans
Thomas Tanner & Mary Cruse Tanner along with 6 children
Tanner, Thomas (Age: 43) Tanner, Mary (Age: 38)
Tanner, Thomas (Age: 19) Tanner, Jame Mumford (Age: 17)
Tanner, George (Age: 11) Tanner, Ebenezer (Age: 8)
Tanner, Joseph (Age: 6) Tanner, Alma (Age: 3)
Autobiography of Thomas Tanner
Our family sailed from Liverpool on board the ship Olympus on the 4th of March, 1851. We sailed to New
Orleans the later part of April. From Orleans we came by steamer and entered St. Louis, May 9th, 1851.
Our family came over the plains in Captain Claudius Spencer's Company. We entered Salt Lake Valley
September 17, and Tooele City November 5, 1853 .
BIB: Tanner, Thomas. Autobiography (formerly in Msd 2050), p. 2. (CHL)
A Compilation of General Voyage Notes “Olympus”
Cont., 13:8 (June 1892), pp.344-45, 349-50
"Tues. 4. [Mar 1851] -- The ship Olympus sailed from Liverpool, England, with 254 Saints, bound for
Utah, under the direction of William Howell. Some fifty non-Mormon passengers were converted and
baptized on the voyage to New Orleans, where the
company arrived about April 27th. 1851" CC, p.42
THE SHIP OLYMPUS, Captain Wilson, having
been detained by adverse winds left the river on
Tuesday morning, the 4th March 1851, having on
board in the company of the Saints, 245 souls,
under the presidency of Elder William Howell.
Among the number of passengers in this company,
we would mention the names of Elders William
Henshaw, who first preached the gospel of the last
dispensation in South Wales; Thomas Smith, late of
Northampton, in the Bedfordshire Conference; and
Thomas Bradshaw of Woolwich, in the London
Conference. These brethren have made an extensive acquaintance with the Saints of different conferences
in this nation, and very many will cherish their memories with gratitude, for having been the means of
opening their eyes to an understanding of the truth. The joy and comfort which prevailed in the midst of
the company on shipboard during their detention became proverbial in the town. May they have as
cheerful times during their entire passage.
With the departure of the Olympus, closes our emigration season, as it is not deemed prudent to send out
companies to New Orleans after about the first of March, until the first of September, on account of the
sickness of that climate during the summer season."
MS 13:6 (Mar 15, 1851), p.88
"FIFTY-FIFTH COMPANY. -- Olympus, 245 souls. Tuesday morning March 4th, 1851, the ship
Olympus sailed from Liverpool, having on board a company of Saints numbering two hundred and forty-
five souls, under the presidency of Elder William Howell, the man who first introduced the fullness of the
gospel in South Wales and subsequently in France. His counselors were Thomas Bradshaw, Thomas
Smith, J. Lindsay and W. Henshaw.
Besides the Saints there were about sixty other passengers on board. The ship should have sailed several
days before, but was prevented by adverse winds. . . .
. . . Elder William Howell, in continuing his narrative of the voyage, says that the morning and evening
prayer meetings were held on deck; also the preaching
services, at which five or six of the brethren usually
would deliver short interesting addresses; the spiritual
gifts were often enjoyed by the Saints, such as
prophecy, speaking in tongues and interpretation of
tongues, besides the healing of the sick, the casting out
of evil spirit, etc. The daily prayer meetings were held
at ten o'clock in the morning and at nine o'clock in the
evening. Day schools were also held for the children of
both Saints and fellow passengers, at which the
rudiments of the English and French languages were
taught, as well as other branches of learning; at five
o'clock in the evening lectures were given, at which the
congregation would sit around the lecturer, on the
deck floor; the subjects treated upon were various,
including astronomy, geography, agricultural improvements, etc.
The provisions and water served out on board were good, and the cooking was carried on in the gallery
by three of the brethren, who worked in turns of four hours each. During the voyage two infants died,
and one child was born.
From New Orleans this company of British Saints continued the journey to St. Louis, Missouri, on the
streamer Atlantic. In the Organ and Reville, a Republican newspaper published at St. Louis, of May 9th,
1851, the following notice appears: 'The steamer Atlantic arrived yesterday morning from New Orleans,
having on board two hundred and forty "Mormon" emigrants. This company sailed from Liverpool on
the ship Olympus. * * * Part of those who arrived on the Atlantic were detained on the quarantine on
account of a man being sick of what was supposed to be cholera.'
Like the emigrants who had arrived in previous companies, part of the Saints who had crossed the
Atlantic in the Olympus, stopped temporarily at St. Louis, while others continued the journey to the
Bluffs [ … ]
Atlantic Crossing on the Ship Olympus, By William Hartley
By the time the Olympus passengers disembarked at New Orleans, Louisiana in late April and took the
steamer Atlantic to St. Louis, Missouri 50 of the nonmember passengers had been converted and
At St. Louis, Missouri the company split up. Some sought work there. Others boarded the steamer
Statesman for the 13-day trip to Kanesville (Council Bluffs) Iowa.
Thomas Tanner and family stayed in St. Louis Missouri until 1853, working to acquire funds for the
remainder of the journey to Salt Lake City, Utah.
CONTINUED: Genealogy written by Thomas Tanner Sr. at Toole, Utah, March 1878
My wife Mary gave birth to her last son in St Louis, September the 24th, 1851, who died on the 30th day
of the same month.
My wife, Mary Cruse, died in St Louis the following month on October the 11th, 1851. They were both
buried in the St. Louis cemetery, America.
October the 10th, 1852 I was married to Ann Newman in St Louis, by Elder Gibson. Ann Newman, the
daughter of Allen and Sarah Newman, whose maiden name was Sarah Cooper, of South Witham,
Lincolnshire England. Insert: Both Parents previously deceased. Allen NEWMAN (1783-1847) & Sarah
Ann Newman left for America on October 17th 1850 with her daughter Betsy Jane, Her brothers Thomas
and William Newman and his family and a young woman named Lucy Francis. They crossed the ocean
on the ship "Joseph Badger", traveling from Liverpool and arriving at New Orleans 22 Nov 185. Then
up the Mississippi River, arriving at St. Louis, Missouri, on December 4, 1850.
Shortly after arriving in St. Louis Ann's brother William and his son Thomas died from Typhus in 1851.
Ann's brother Thomas also took ill and died in 1852. During that time
Ann met a widower names Thomas Tanner who had lost his wife to the same disease. They were married
Oct 10, 1852, Ann became the mother to Thomas's six boys and Thomas adopted Ann's daughter Betsy
CONTINUED: Genealogy written by
Thomas Tanner Sr. at Toole, Utah, March
We with my first family all left St Louis for
Utah, crossing the Missouri River on the
4th of July. Arriving in Salt Lake Valley,
we camped about four miles from Salt
We crossed the plains in an Ox team purchased in St Louis by a Brother Thomas Carter, an
acquaintance from the Newbury Branch, expressly for our journey to Salt Lake City. We brought with us
from St Louis in the team purchased for us, my wife Ann, brother William Newman's widow, Sister
Newman, her two sons William and Stephan, her daughter Sarah Ann, Lucy Frances, a sister who
emigrated from England with them and who also remained in the family until her death in Salt Lake
Our team was pretty well filled and heavy laden and caused us much annoyance and ill convenience - It
was a very trying lesson of experiment to my own family, but a kind providence brought us through, as is
a saying, it was by the skin of the teeth.
We came in company with Henry George, David Wiggins, Thos Atwicks, Sister Westall - they were all
from the Newbury Branch. Sister Westall, a widow, remained in Council Bluffs with her daughter, a wife
of George Canning, a tailor by trade from the town of Newbury. They were living in Council Bluffs.
We traveled across the plains in Cladious Spencer's train of about 40 wagons. We left Salt Lake City and
came to Tooele City, Nov 25th, 1853. Since that time we have continued in Tooele City up to the present
Genealogy written by Thomas Tanner Sr. at Toole, Utah, March 1878
Continued after Claudius V. Spencer Company account
Claudius V. Spencer Company
DEPARTURE 3 June 1853
from Council Bluffs, Iowa
ARRIVAL 17-26 September 1853
at Salt Lake City, Utah
About 250 individuals and 40 wagons were in
the company when it began its journey from
the outfitting post at Keokuk, Iowa SE Iowa.
Went on to Kanesville, Iowa (present day
Council Bluffs). They crossed the Missouri
River on June 3.
Keokuk, Iowa is in SE Iowa on the Mississippi River.
Kanesville, (Council Bluffs) Iowa is in SW Iowa on the Missouri River.
Traveling with Claudius V. Spencer Company
NAME AGE BIRTH DATE
Tanner, Thomas 46 28 June 1807
Tanner, Thomas 21 9 Aug. 1831
Tanner, James Monford 20 14 July 1833
Tanner, George 13 13 Oct. 1839
Tanner, Ebenezer 11 6 Mar. 1842
Tanner, Joseph 8 21 July 1844
Tanner, Alma Cruse 6 7 May 1847
OTHER TANNER’S - New Wife and Son
Tanner, Ann Newman 32 26 Dec. 1820
Tanner, Valison Infant 17 Sep. 1853
Several Trail Excerpts worth reading
Arthur, Christopher Jones, Autobiography, in Library of Congress, Collection of Mormon Diaries [1935-
1938], reel 1, item 4, 1:5-6.
We steamed up to St. Louis and from there to Keokuk, Iowa [ … ] Our trip up was a pleasant &
enjoyable one. We camped in Keokuk on the hill 6 weeks. Our tent was near a clump of trees—[ … ]. We
spent an enjoyable time—After going into the woods nearby, shooting game birds, and it furnished us
many a game dinner.
[ … ]
Our first camp after leaving Camp at Keokuk was Montrose opposite Nauvoo, where Claudius V.
Spencer was camped with several wagons awaiting our arrival. We organized the first night; Claudius V.
Spencer President, Father captain of the 50 wagons & C[hristopher]. J[ones]. Arthur Clerk. Next
morning we started for Salt Lake City, sometimes stuck and mending and repairing breakdowns. I drove
a wagon across with 2 yoke of steers and they were beauties. My wagon contained the provisions for our
outfit. We met many adventures killing buffalo and had one stampede.
May 26th 1853, fourteen wagons started on the journey West with father, and joined Claudius V.
Spencer’s camp at Montrose. [ … ] 27th. Early start. Pleasant weather. Drove to and camped at Sugar
Creek. (Just a few miles west of Montrose, Iowa)
The Claudius V. Spencer Co. left Council Bluffs, crossed the Missouri River 3 June 1853
ARRIVAL 17-26 September 1853 at Salt Lake City, Utah
Continued: Genealogy written by Thomas Tanner Sr. at Toole, Utah, March 1878
We traveled across the plains in Cladious Spencer's train of about 40 wagons. My wife Ann Newman
gave birth to her first son, Valison, September the 17th, 1853. About the time they arrived at Salt Lake City,
After about a month we left Salt Lake City and came to Tooele City, Nov 25th, 1853. Since that time we
have continued in Tooele City up to the present date 1878.
- Moroni was born in November the 19th 1856.
- Jemima Mumford was born in November the 19th 1859.
- Allan Newman was born in March the 27th 1862.
With my wife Ann, we received our endowments in Salt Lake City in the fall of 1865. Both of my wives,
Mary Cruse and Ann Newman, were sealed to me by President Brigham Young.
I was ordained a High Priest by President Wm. Calaher? March 22nd
1964 [… ]
They remained at Tooele City until Thomas died on July 28, 1879.
Tooele County is Basin and Range country. Most of its towns lie in a broad valley between the mineral-
rich Oquirrh Mountains on the eastern border and the Onaqui and Stansbury mountains to the west.
The Great Salt Lake Desert covers most of western Tooele County, except the southwest corner where
the Deep Creek Mountains rise.
The Mormons herded livestock in Tooele Valley before permanent settlement began in 1849. The early
settlers farmed, built gristmills and sawmills, and manufactured salt, charcoal, lime, adobe bricks, and
woolen products. Large sheep and cattle herds were developed, and hay and grain became important
crops. But mining and smelting, not agriculture, led the county's growth from the 1860s to World War II.
The Rush Valley Mining District, organized in 1864 by soldiers from Fort Douglas, included all of the
western Oquirrhs. More than 500 mining claims were located during the first year. Of the mining towns
founded in Tooele County, Ophir and Mercur became the most important. Ophir boomed in the 1870s
with an estimated population of 6,000 and mines that produced millions of dollars in silver, lead, zinc,
and gold. Mercur endured several boom and bust cycles as well as two major fires; with a population
estimated as high as 10,000 it flirted briefly with the idea of taking the county seat from Tooele City.
As early as 1847, Tooele Valley, known for its waist-high grass, was used for grazing by herders from
other valleys. The guiding force for permanent settlement in 1849 was Ezra Taft Benson, who had two
groups in his employ, one caring for his livestock, the other instructed to build a sawmill and gristmill on
Big Creek (Settlement) Canyon.
When Tooele was incorporated on 19 June 1853 the city covered nine square miles. To the west, grazing
on Tooele's western desert provides winter forage for thousands of sheep and cattle.
Your tombstone stands neglected and alone.
The name and date are chiseled out on polished, marbled stone.
It reaches out to all who care. It is too late to mourn.
You did not know that I exist. You died and I was born.
Yet each of us are cells of you in flesh, in blood, in bone.
Our heart contracts and beats a pulse entirely not our own.
Dear Ancestor, the place you filled so many years ago.
Spreads out among the ones you left who would have loved you so.
I wonder as you lived and loved, I wonder if you knew
That someday I would find this spot and come to visit you.
Thomas S Tanner
Birth: Jan. 28, 1807
Death: Jul. 28, 1879
Mary Cruse Tanner (1812 - 1851)
Ann Newman Tanner (1820 - 1902)
Burial: Tooele City Cemetery
Tooele, Tooele Co,. Utah
Mary Cruse Tanner
Birth: Dec. 1, 1812, Boxford, Berkshire,
Death: Oct. 13, 1851, Saint Louis, St.
Louis Co., Missouri
Burial: Saint Louis City Cemetery , St.
Louis Co., Missouri
Mary Cruse, daughter of Elizabeth Pickett and
Thomas Cruse, married Thomas F Tanner on 8
Sep 1831 in Newbury, Berkshire, England and
bore him 10 children.
St. Louis Death Records - film C-10359 RDSL-1 Volume B page 15 records - Mary Tanner born England,
died 13 Oct 1851 and was buried in the City Cemetery.
Find A Grave
Mary Cruse Tanner
Ann Newman Tanner
Ann Newman Tanner
Ann Newman Tanner
Birth: Dec. 26, 1820,
South Witham, Lincolnshire, England
Death: Apr. 25, 1902,
Grouse Creek Box Elder Co., Utah
Ann NewmanTanner Obituary:
Burial: Grouse Creek Cemetery , Grouse Creek, Box Elder Co., Utah
On April 25, Mrs. Ann Newman Tanner passed away. She
had lived as long as she desired. She was born Dec. 26, 1819,
at South Witham, Lincolnshire, England. She came to
America about the year 1849 or 1850. She married Thomas
Tanner in St. Louis, and arrived in Salt Lake City Sept. 18,
1853; lived there about one year and then moved to Tooele,
where she resided until June 1888, when she came to Grouse
Creek, where she has lived since that time. She was the
mother of five children, all of whom are living, 27
grandchildren, a host of great-grandchildren and two great-
great-grandchildren. She crossed the plains with an ox team,
walking most of the way; endured the hardships of early
days; went with the big move south and then back again to
Tooele. She lived and died a faithful Latter-day and has gone
home to a well-earned rest. Funeral services were held in the
meeting house, April 27, at which words of praise for her well
spent life, and of encouragement to the living were offered.
Liverpool to New Orleans on the Joseph Badger (17 Oct 1850 - 23 Nov 1850)
Ship Name Joseph Badger
Departure 17 Oct 1850 from Liverpool
Arrival 23 Nov 1850 at New Orleans
Source BMR, Book #1043, pp. 86-96 (FHL #025, 690); Customs #327 (FHL #200,165)
• Newman, Ann
• an, Betsey JaneNewm
• an, Mary AnnNewm
• an, Sarah AnnNewm
• an, ThomasNewm
• an, Thomas L.Newm
• an, WilliamNewm
• an, William J.Newm