John Henry Gordon & Hannah Hudson

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PIONEER HISTORY OF …

PIONEER HISTORY OF
John Henry Gordon (1826 – 1868) &
Hannah Hudson (1826 – 1900)

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  • 1. PIONEER HISTORY OF John Henry Gordon (1826 – 1868) & Hannah Hudson (1826 – 1900) Files of: Erma P. Gordon Anderson (additions by Joe Anderson) Joe Anderson: A great great grandson ========================================================================= John Henry Gordon Born: 11 Feb 1826, Bishopwearmouth (Sunderland), Durham, (Tyne and Wear), England Christening: 11 Mar 1827, Bishopwearmouth, Durham, England Baptized: 1 Apr 1850 Died: about mid 1868, Blackfoot, Idaho Married: 21 Mar 1848 at Witton Gilbert, Durham, England Hannah Hudson Born: 1 Aug 1826, Barlow, Durham, England Christening 31 Aug 1826, Barlow, Durham, England Baptized: 19 Apr 1852 Died: 8 May 1900, Lehi, Utah Co., Utah NORTHERN ENGLAND Bishopwearmouth is an area in Sunderland, North East England. Bishopwearmouth was one of the original three settlements on the banks of the river Wear that merged to form modern Sunderland. The settlement was formed in 930 when Athelstan of England granted the lands to the Bishop of Durham. The settlement on the opposite side of the river, Monkwearmouth, had been founded 250 years earlier. The lands on the south-side of the river became known as Bishopwearmouth, a parish that covered around twenty square miles, encompassing settlements such as Ryhope and Silksworth - now part of the modern Sunderland urban area. Within the parish was another Settlement, Sunderland, which was a small fishing port at the mouth of the river. Over the centuries, the port would grow in both importance and size and in 1719 was made into parish independent from Bishopwearmouth. In 1897, Bishopwearmouth, along with Monkwearmouth, officially became part of Sunderland during 1835. The church of Bishopwearmouth, St. Michael's, became Sunderland Minster in 1998. Bishopwearmouth, retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bishopwearmouth and http://www.sunderland.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=2212
  • 2. Hannah Hudson Born: 1 Aug 1826, Barlow, Durham, England Barlow is a farming area located SW of Winlaton, Durham, England. Or slightly SW Newcastle upon Tyne and NW of Sunderland. Primarily a rural agricultural and coal mining area. Sunderland to Barlow 21 miles. Hannah Hudson was christened 31 Aug 1828 at Ryton On Tyne, Durham, England. Ryton is about 3 miles north of Barlow. Traditionally, Barlow, like Ryton, economy was built upon agriculture and coal mining. Some think that coal-mining was taking place in the area as early as Roman times, however it was not until 1239 when Henry III granted that coal may be mined outside the walls that mining became extensive. The agriculture industry on Ryton was mixed and included both pastoral farming and arable farming. The neighbouring village of Crawcrook is a nexus of coal mining nostalgia also. Remnants of several old pits across Ryton and Crawcrook, including Emma, Clara and Addison can still be found. Within a couple of hundred meters of both Crawcrook and Ryton main street there is rich countryside
  • 3. John Henry Gordon and Hannah Hudson Married: 21 Mar 1848 at Witton Gilbert, Durham, England Children: Born while living in N.E. England. 1- Frances Jane, born: 12 Dec 1848 at Castle Eden, Durham, England 2- Foster, born: 27 Nov 1850 at Castle Eden, Durham, England 3- Robert, born: 14 Mar 1853 at Sacriston, Durham, England 4- John Henry, born: 23 Sep 1855 at Castle Eden, Durham, England http://www.durhamrecordsonline.com/literature/castle_eden_colliery.php Sunderland to Barlow = 21 miles Sunderland to Castle Eden = 15.5 miles Sunderland to Witton Gilbert = 16 miles Sacriston and Witton Gilbert are 0.8 miles apart John Hennry Gordon was a “Pitman” working in coal mines of Castle Eden and Sacriston.
  • 4. The History of: John Henry Gordon & Hannah Hudson Files of: Erma P. Gordon Anderson John Henry was reported (family histories) to be stone mason. On the Marriage License & Birth Certificates of his children, John Henry Gordon, is shown as being a “Pitman” or” Coal Miner” and Castle Eden is referred to as Castle Eden Colliery (Coal Mine). Sacriston was also primarily a coal mining town at this time. i.e. coal miner, collier, pitman — someone who works in a coal mine pitman: (Mining & Quarrying) Chiefly Scot and northern English a person who works down a mine, esp a coal miner http://www.durhamrecordsonline.com/literature/miners_lives.php Until 1872 all of the miners of Northumberland, Cumberland and Durham were employed under the hated Bond system whereby they contracted their lives away each year (or each month from 1844 to 1864) to a 'Master' in return for a 'bounty' and little else of substance. By the terms of the bond, under pain of a substantial penalty, they were obliged to submit to various fines and conditions and to work continuously at one colliery for a whole year. The system was a kind of legalized temporary serfdom. The colliery owner on his part gave no undertaking to furnish continuous employment or indeed any employment at all. After 1809 the annual Bond was usually entered into on/about April 5 when a colliery official read out the rate of pay and the conditions available at the pit to the assembled workers and would-be workers. Those who signed up were given a 'bounty' of 2s. 6d. (12.5 pence) to start work. The first few to sign up were given extra money which was usually enough incentive to cause a stampede among the poverty- stricken workforce to 'make their mark'. John Henry Gordon and family emigration Sometime between late 1855 and early 1860 John Henry, wife Hannah and 4 children; Frances, Foster, Robert and John Henry left England, crossed the Atlantic in a sailing ship. It took them six weeks to cross. They settled on a farm in Ohio, near where Columbus is now. They lived there awhile. Then went on to Florence (Omaha) Nebraska and joined Captain Murdock's (1861) ox train and came to Utah. INSERT: It is interesting to note that coal mining was a major industry in Ohio during the 1850’s 1860 and on to the present day. John Henry Gordon, most likely found employment in the Ohio coal mines. NOTE: Emigration – (Parents and children: Frances Jane, Foster, Robert and John Henry) Son, John Henry, was born 23 Sept. 1855 at Castle Eden, Durham, England and Son, Samuel, was born Oct 1861, Salt Lake City, Utah. Between late 1855 and early 1860 the family emigrated from England to Utah. I have been unable to officially find them aboard any ship or listed as being with any particular wagon train. Family records say they were with the “Captain Murdock’s company”. Captain John Murdock was captain of five wagon trains between 1861 and 1868. Since their son Samuel was born Oct 1861 in Salt Lake City, Utah the family was with the 1861 Murdock wagon train. 1890 US Census Over the kitchen table, it may be hard to remember dates from 30 year before. According to 1890 Census, Son, Foster Gordon: Lists Immigration year: 1859 Son, Robert Gordon: Lists Immigration year: 1863 Their brothers were born in SLC, Utah: Samuel (born 1861) and George (born 1863)
  • 5. Civil War activity may have been a factor in the family decision to leave Ohio and move on to Salt Lake City, Utah during 1961 CIVIL WAR November 6, 1860 - Abraham Lincoln, who had declared "Government cannot endure permanently half slave, half free..." is elected president, the first Republican, receiving 180 of 303 possible electoral votes and 40 percent of the popular vote. December 20, 1860 - South Carolina secedes from the Union. Followed within two months by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas. January, 1861 The South Secedes: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana Kansas admitted to the Union; February 1 Texas seceded from the Union February 9, 1861 - The Confederate States of America is formed with Jefferson Davis, a West Point graduate and former U.S. Army officer, as president. March 4, 1861 - Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as 16th President of the United States of America. April 12, 1861 - At 4:30 a.m. Confederates under Gen. Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War begins. April 15, 1861 - President Lincoln issues a Proclamation calling for 75,000 militiamen, and summoning a special session of Congress for July 4. Robert E. Lee, son of a Revolutionary War hero, and a 25 year distinguished veteran of the United States Army and former Superintendent of West Point, is offered command of the Union Army. Lee declines. April 17, 1861 - Virginia secedes from the Union, followed within five weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, thus forming an eleven state Confederacy with a population of 9 million, including nearly 4 million slaves. The Union will soon have 21 states and a population of over 20 million. April 19, 1861 - President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports. For the duration of the war the blockade limits the ability of the rural South to stay well supplied in its war against the industrialized North. April 20, 1861 - Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army. "I cannot raise my hand against my birthplace, my home, my children." Lee then goes to Richmond, Virginia, is offered command of the military and naval forces of Virginia, and accepts. July 4, 1861 - Lincoln, in a speech to Congress, states the war is..."a People's contest...a struggle for maintaining in the world, that form, and substance of government, whose leading object is, to elevate the condition of men..." The Congress authorizes a call for 500,000 men. July 21, 1861 - The Union Army under Gen. Irvin McDowell suffers a defeat at Bull Run 25 miles southwest of Washington. Confederate Gen. Thomas J. Jackson earns the nickname "Stonewall," as his brigade resists Union attacks. Union troops fall back to Washington. President Lincoln realizes the war will be long. "It's damned bad," he comments. July 27, 1861 - President Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as Commander of the Department of the Potomac, replacing McDowell. McClellan tells his wife, "I find myself in a new and strange position here: President, cabinet, Gen. Scott, and all deferring to me. By some strange operation of magic I seem to have become the power of the land." September 11, 1861 - President Lincoln revokes Gen. John C. Frémont's unauthorized military proclamation of emancipation in Missouri. Later, the president relieves Gen. Frémont of his command and replaces him with Gen. David Hunter. November 1, 1861 - President Lincoln appoints McClellan as general-in-chief of all Union forces after the resignation of the aged Winfield Scott. Lincoln tells McClellan, "...the supreme command of the Army will entail a vast labor upon you." McClellan responds, "I can do it all." =====================================================================
  • 6. Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868 John R. Murdock Company (1861) http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/1,15797,4017-1-215,00.html NOTE: Ancestor Harriet Louisa Peacock’s sister, Emily Ellen Peacock & husband Thomas Smith, are listed in the record as traveling with the 1861 Murdock Team. Smith, Emily Ellen Peacock (18), Smith, Thomas (35). Smith, Sarah Ann (4) http://history.lds.org/overlandtravels/companyDetail?lang=eng&companyId=215 John Henry Gordon and his family are not listed, in the above record, as traveling with this Company. There is not an official roster. The site above (the historical record) list about 156 individuals. The Company had about 50 wagons and about 18 people were assigned to each wagon which equals 900 people. So, it is not unusual that many families are not listed in the available records. John R. Murdock Company (1861) Depart: SLC, Utah, 1 May 1861 Departure: Florence, Neb, 4 July 1861 Arrival Salt Lake Valley: Abt 10 September 1861 Company Information: This company consisted mostly of Scandinavian Saints from the ship "Monarch of the Sea" when it began its journey from the outfitting post at Florence, Nebraska (now Omaha). Trail Excerpt: Murdock, John Riggs In the year 1861 I [John R. Murdock] was called," he says, "to take charge of a Church train consisting of fifty wagons and as many drivers. There were four yoke of oxen to each wagon. It was our mission to go down to the Missouri river and bring emigrants to Utah. After making our preparations, we started (From SLC, Utah) about the first of May, 1861. Grass was short; consequently we had to use great care in providing suitable food for our teams, and to drive prudently until the grass improved. Before leaving Salt Lake City we loaded up with flour and other provisions to meet the needs of the emigrants with whom we were to return. These supplies we deposited at certain points along the road, so that we could use them on our return. "It generally took about nine weeks to cross the plains. "Our first trip down," he says, "was without any particular incident. We remained at the river a short time and then loaded the luggage of the emigrants into our wagons. There were from sixteen to twenty persons, men, women, and children, assigned to each wagon. Those who were old enough to walk were expected to do so the greater part of the way. They would ride, occasionally, when the roads were good. I always appointed two men whose duty it was to look after the passengers. It was certainly novel to see a train starting out with everything that could be put into wagons and everything that could be tied to the outside, such as buckets, cans and all kinds of cooking utensils. It reminded one of an old turkey with a brook of young ones keeping her company.
  • 7. Generally there were about seven hundred passengers in one train. The organization was systematic and complete. It consisted of a captain, an assistant, a chaplain, a quarter-master, hospital steward, a camp guard, and a night guard for the stock. The chaplain took charge of the religious services, and we had prayer night and morning. We also had a choir with its leader. The people were called together by means of a bugle." The experiences of the emigrants were educational as well as fraternal. These attachments resulted in life-long friendships. Source of Trail Excerpt: Partially reproduce here, Full account at the link above. Felt, Alma Elizabeth Mineer, Reminiscences, 2-4. (Trail excerpt transcribed from "Pioneer History Collection" available at Pioneer Memorial Museum [Daughters of Utah Pioneers Museum], Salt Lake City, Utah.) In 1861, father and mother sold our lovely home and came to Utah. The train which came to get us was made up of independent teams, under the direction of Captain Murdock. We started on our long journey from Omaha with eighty wagons in our train. There were three ox teams pulling each covered wagon. There were three families using our wagon, so you see it was loaded to the bows with their equipment, baggage and clothing, and it was necessary for us all to walk all the way—men, women and children. We made the trip from Omaha through the Perpetual Migrating Fund, and my brother afterward paid our expenses to this fund. One woman with our wagon had a baby very sick with summer complaint, and she had to ride with the baby all the way. The baby died one day, and they dug a little grave at night by our wagon, put a sheet around her thin little body and laid her in the grave. We did not have any box to put her in, and had to bury her that way. When the dirt was put on her, the mother just cried as though her heart would break. We all cried because we could never see that grave again. I had to walk all the way across the plains because our wagons were loaded to the bows. Our kettles and utensils hung from the back of the wagons. After walking all day we had our suppers, which consisted of hard bread, a little bacon, and a little coffee. When the tired oxen had eaten their suppers we put all our wagons in one round ring, then we put the oxen inside this ring so the Indians would not steal them. Our shoes wore out on the way, and we continued bare-foot. Our clothes were ragged and in ribbons. We looked like Indians as we came to the end of our journey. We stopped occasionally at the banks of streams and washed up…bathed and washed and dried our clothes. The entire trip was hot, dry and dusty, with the terrific sun beating on our heads. The women wore sunbonnets and did the best they could, but Mother often told me how she suffered with the heat. We could travel only ten or twelve miles a day. We used to sleep at night on the ground on the outside of the circle of wagons. For a long way we followed the Platte River, crossing and recrossing it. This was a wide, shallow river, winding like a snake. When the river was very shallow, the oxen pulled the wagons across and we rode. When it was deeper, the oxen swam the stream, and the wagons were floated over by placing logs under them, the poles acting as an improvised raft. When we came to the Green River, we had to cross on a ferry. This is the only ferry crossing I remember. The ferry was pulled from one side of the river to the other by means of a heavy
  • 8. rope stretched from one bank to the other. The wagons were pulled onto the platform and oxen and wagons were slowly ferried across. When going through the Platte I can remember the heads of the oxen bobbing in the water. After three and one-half months walking over a hot desert, up the rugged hills and down the hills and canyons, we finally came out of Emigration Canyon, dirty and ragged. Of course to me, as a child, this had been a delightful pleasure jaunt, and I remember it only as fun. We children would run along as happy as could be. My older sisters used to make rag dolls as they walked along, for us little children to play with. But to my mother this long hot journey, with all of us ragged and footsore at the end, and the arrival in the valley of desert and sagebrush, must have been a heart-breaking contrast to the beautiful home she had left in Sweden. "The Immigration," Deseret News [Weekly], 11 Sep. 1861, 156 Companies of the immigrating Saints have been arriving at short intervals for some days as we are informed, but their arrival has attracted so little attention that our local reporter has not been particularly interested in the matter, at least if he has made himself acquainted with the facts he has not made report, and we have had so many other matters to see after during the last two weeks, that we have not had time nor opportunity to make the necessary enquiries to ascertain whether one, two three four or more companies have come in, but we are of opinion that a majority of the independent companies have arrived, and that the others will be here shortly.
  • 9. Captains Murdock, Horne and Eldredge, with their companies are reported near at hand, and will be in to-day or to-morrow. Captain Young, with the last of the Church trains, so called, is expected to arrive in about ten days.
  • 10. During 1867 John Gordon is referenced as one of the local people who contributed to the building of a Community Court House in Tooele, Utah. Now utilized by Daughter of Utah Pioneers Erected in 1867 as a County Court House Active in construction were James Hammond, William Broad, Isaac Lee, W.C. Gollaher, John Gillespie, George Atkin and John Gordon The building was used for Court House, City Hall, and Amusement Center until 1941, When the building was turned over to the Daughters of Utah Pioneers for Use as an amusement and meeting hall. Rock used in building was taken from Settlement Canyon in Tooele County
  • 11. CONTINUED John Henry Gordon family in Utah The family first settled in the [Salt Lake City] 10th Ward. Originally the Tenth Ward was bounded by Sixth East on the west, the foothills on the east, Third South on the north and Sixth South on the south. Their first winter in Utah they lived in a dugout, a cave dug into the side of the hill, with a canvas draped over the opening to fend off the cold, wind, and snow. After arriving in SLC, Utah, the following children were born: #5- Samuel Gordon: Oct. 1861 Salt Lake City, Utah ONE MOTH AFTER ARRIVING IN SLC #6- George Gordon:14 Mar 1863 Salt Lake City, Utah #7- Minnie Gordon:16 Apr 1866 Salt Lake City, Utah His parents: Foster Gordon (b: 1801) and Sarah Frances Hogg Gordon (b: 1805) emigrated in 1863. Then they all moved to Hoytsville. John Henry and his father were stone masons by trade and built a flour mill in Coalville. The family then located in Clover, Utah and John Henry’s parents moved to Skull Valley, Utah as caretakers at the Park Ranch. However, on 22 Oct 1865, they were both murdered at their home on the Park Ranch. Mr. Gordon supported his wife and family of seven children by working as a stone mason and freighting with team and wagon from Salt Lake City to Butte, Montana. He was a Ward Teacher and an Elder in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. After getting his family settled, he bought a good team and wagon and started back across the plains by way of the Oregon Trail. John was last heard of (1868) in Blackfoot, Idaho. It is thought he was killed by Indians or some other foul way. It is said that he was perusing those who had killed his parents. While skeletons were later found they were never able to identify any of them as being positively John Henry Gordon. His team and wagon were found in Sacramento, California
  • 12. ALTERNATE HISTORY It make no sense that John Henry may have been perusing those who murdered his parents and that he was last heard from in Blackfoot, Idaho along the Oregon Trail and that his wagon was later found in Sacramento, California. – OPINION The logical escape route from Skull Valley is west along the Overland Express and Pony Express trail leading to Sacramento, California. The wagon is found in Sacramento California. The road to Sacramento, California is via the Overland Express and Pony Express trail (a long way from Blackfoot, Idaho). If John Henry Gordon was last seen at Blackfoot, Idaho that means the wagon would have had to been driven through Salt Lake City, through Tooele County, through Stockton and Clover where John Henry Gordon’s family and friends lived. Someone would have seen the wagon and inquired as to why strangers had John Henry Gordon’s wagon. This would have been a very dangerous proposition if the drivers were those who killed his parents. I believe the history could read: John Henry Gordon was perusing those who killed his parents in Skull Valley. He was last heard from at Black Rock Station in Skull Valley along the Overland Express and Pony Express trail on the way to Sacramento, California. While skeletons were later found they were never able to identify any of them as being positively John Henry Gordon. His team and wagon were later found in Sacramento, California.
  • 13. Pony Express Map & Overland Express Stagecoach Trail
  • 14. ========================================================== http://www.xphomestation.com/tooele-1-12.html Written by Jaromy Jessop Thursday, 12 January 2006 BLACK ROCK - PONY EXPRESS TRAIL EXPLORATION As you leave Black Rock, rounding the northern tip of the Black Rock Hills to the south, you will enter a broad seemingly lifeless valley. There is quite an abundance of life in this valley however, as you will see. Ahead across the valley, rugged, treeless and almost alien looking peaks rise from the playa. This impossible-looking escarpment is the Fish Springs range which culminates in 8,524-foot George H. Hansen Peak.
  • 15. News article in the Deseret News on 20 May 1868 Information Wanted—Hannah Gordon, of the 10th Ward of this city, is anxious to obtain information concerning her husband, John Gordon, who left here for Montana in 1865. Any person who can give any information concerning him, will confer a favor upon her by forwarding it. Court Records 31 March 1869 Court case (Series 373, Reel Number 18, Box Number 13, Folder Number 087) has Hannah Hudson Gordon as the plaintiff with John Gordon as the defendant in a divorce case. Hannah Hudson married William Davis, later Divorced Hannah Hudson married Lewis W. Irons – a next door neighbor in Clover, Utah. CLOVER/RUSH VALLEY, UTAH Probably the first store in Clover was in the home of Lewis Irons, who lived just below the hill east of Johnson's Lane and south of West Park Lane. He had married the widow Hannah H. Gordon, who was the mother of Foster Gordon. Edwin Johnson remembered going to this store when he was a small boy. He said he particularly liked to go there to buy candy when Mr. Irons, himself was tending the store, as-he was so good-natured and generous. Sugar, bacon, candy and a few other items were sold in the store. Foster Gordon is shown as living at # 13 on Johnson Lane next to the Irons Store
  • 16. Hannah Hudson Gordon died 8 May 1900 at Lehi, Utah and was buried at Pleasant Grove, Utah Find A Grave John Henry Gordon Memorial# 115186214 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=115186214 Hannah Hudson Gordon Irons Hannah Hudson Memorial# 114003 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=114003 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • 17. Your tombstone stands neglected and alone. The name and date are chiseled out on polished, marbled stone. It reaches out to all who care. It is too late to mourn. You did not know that I exist. You died and I was born. Yet each of us are cells of you in flesh, in blood, in bone. Our heart contracts and beats a pulse entirely not our own. Dear Ancestor, the place you filled so many years ago. Spreads out among the ones you left who would have loved you so. I wonder as you lived and loved, I wonder if you knew That someday I would find this spot and come to visit you. Should anyone come across the following historical reference? Ignore it. It does not pertain to these GORDON ancestors. “Gordon, John H. and family, 1859, NA, James Brown, Deseret News Vol. 9 . 157 microfilm 26588” Should Read Gordon, John H. and family, 1859, James Brown, Deseret News, 24 Aug 1859, Vol. 9, Pg 197 This is for: Gordon, John Hardingham (32) wife Gordon, Elizabeth Bell (31) and 3 children This is NOT our ancestor: Gordon, John Henry For more about coal mining communities in NE England mid 1800’s just enter “Castle Eden Colliery” in your browser or click on the following links for some interesting history. http://www.dmm-gallery.org.uk/maps/1898-16.htm http://www.dmm.org.uk/colliery/c001.htm http://www.durhamrecordsonline.com/literature/castle_eden_colliery.php The following article: This article was written 40 to 50 years after John Henry Gordon and his family lived and worked in the coal mines of Castle Eden and Sacriston in NE England. However it may give us some flavor of life in these coal mining communities. http://www.dmm.org.uk/history/htdd10.htm