What are periodontal diseases?


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Gum disease (also called periodontal disease) is an infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. Gum disease is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because it is usually painless many people do are not aware that they have gum disease. To know more about periodontal disease or treatment of periodontal disease visit: http://mooneevaledental.com.au/

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What are periodontal diseases?

  1. 1. The word periodontal literally means "around the tooth." Periodontaldiseases, also called gum diseases, are serious bacterial infections thatdestroy the gums and the surrounding tissues of the mouth.What are periodontal diseases?
  2. 2. If the inflammation is left untreated, the disease will continue and theunderlying bone around the teeth will dissolve and will no longer be able tohold the teeth in place. Generally, periodontal disease isnt painful, so it ispossible to have it and not be aware of it.What are periodontal diseases?
  3. 3. As with many other oral health diseases, bacteria and plaque buildup is oftenthe culprit. In fact, plaque buildup (which contains many species ofbacteria) is the leading cause of gum disease. Other factors that contributeto gum disease include:What causes periodontal disease?
  4. 4. GeneticsLifestyle choicesA diet low in nutrientsSmoking / the use of smokeless tobaccoAutoimmune or systemic diseasesDiabetesHormonal changes in the bodyBruxism (incessant clenching of the teeth)Certain medicationsWhat causes periodontal disease?
  5. 5. The following are the most common symptoms of gum disease.However, each individual may experience symptoms differently.Symptoms may include:Red, swollen, tender gumsBleeding while brushing and/or flossingReceding gums (gums that pull away from the teeth)Loose or separating teethPersistent bad breathDentures that no longer fitPus between the teeth and gumsA change in bite and jaw alignmentWhat are the signs and symptoms ofperiodontal disease?
  6. 6. The different types of periodontal disease are1) Gingivitis2) Mild periodontitis3) Moderate to advanced periodontitisWhat are the different types of periodontaldisease?
  7. 7. With gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal disease, the gums are likely tobecome red, swollen, and tender, causing them to bleed easily during dailycleanings and flossing. Treatment by a dentist and proper, consistent care athome help to resolve the problems associated with gingivitis.1) Gingivitis
  8. 8. Untreated gingivitis leads to mild periodontitis. This stage of gum diseaseshows evidence of periodontal pockets (gums pulling away from the teeth,causing the crevice between the teeth and gums to deepen) and early loss ofbone around the teeth. Prompt dental attention is necessary to preventfurther erosion of bone and gum damage.2) Mild periodontitis
  9. 9. This most advanced stage of gum disease shows significant bone loss,deepening of periodontal pockets, and possibly receding gums surroundingthe teeth. Teeth may loosen and need to be extracted.3) Moderate to advanced periodontitis
  10. 10. Know about what are the treatments for periodontal disease? Click HEREWhat are the treatments for periodontaldisease?
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