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Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam
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Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake - Vietnam

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  • 1. BY ANNE CLARK & JO MILLS Cultural Influences on Nutritional Intake VIETNAM
  • 2. VIETNAM – THE COUNTRY  Southeast Asia  Population – 91,519,289 (July 2012 Est.)¹  212,070 Vietnamese-born living is Australia²  63% income from agriculture³  Buddhist, Confucianism & Taoism  Various invasions 4
  • 3. WAR TIMELINE 5&6
  • 4. CULTURAL 
  • 5. ENVIRONMENT & GEOGRAPHY 
  • 6. FOODS Category Foods Breads, Cereals, Rice, Pasta, Noodles Rice, Baguettes, Noodles, Rice Paper Wrappers Fruit Tropical Fruits Vegetables, Legumes Lettuce, Beansprouts, Basil, Carrots, Cucumber, Daikon, Eggplant, Shallots Meat, Fish, Poultry, Eggs, Nuts, Legumes Chicken, Beef, Fish ,Prawns, Crab, Squid, Pork, Eggs, Peanuts, Tofu, Milk, Cheese, Yoghurt & Alternatives Yoghurt, Cheese, Cow’s Milk Fats & Oils Deep Frying Mostly, Canola Oil Beverages Jasmine Tea, Beer Other (E.G. Condiments, Signature Herbs/Spices) Fish Sauce, Soy Sauce, Dipping Sauce, Garlic, Lemongrass, Chilies, Star Anise, Vietnamese Mint Leaves. Pepper, Coriander, Ginger, Thai Basil Leaves, Sugar, Turmeric, Dill, Rice Vinegar All taken from 12&13
  • 7. TYPICAL DAILY EATING PLAN Meal Food Contents Breakfast ~125g Grains ~180g Vegetables ~60g Meat Morning Break ~80g Vegetables ~140g Meat ~135g Fruit Lunch ~100g Grains ~120g Vegetables ~50g Meat & Poultry Afternoon Break ~100g Grains ~40g Vegetables ~190g Fruit Dinner ~170g Grains ~300g Vegetables ~360g Meat, Fish & Poultry ~20g Fruit ~85ml Milk Other Snacks ~30g Meat, Nuts Beverages Jasmine Tea
  • 8. COMPARISON TO AUSTRALIAN GUIDE TO HEALTHY EATING 28% 11% 14% 14% 33% Australian Guide to Healthy Eating Vegetables Fruit Milk Meat Grains 34% 9% 2%30% 25% Typical Daily Eating Plan Vegetables Fruit Milk Meat Grains REF Calculations based on 14-25 26
  • 9. COMPARISON TO THE AUSTRALIAN GUIDE TO HEALTHY EATING 27 Food Group Malaysian Food Pyramid (Regardless Of Gender, Height Or Physical Activity) Grains 4-8 Serves Meat, Fish Poultry & Legumes ½ - 2 Serves of Meat, Fish & Poultry ½ - 1 Serve of Legumes Vegetables 3 Serves Fruit 2 Serves Milk & Milk Products 1-3 Serves Per Day
  • 10. COMPARISON TO AUSTRALIAN GUIDE TO HEALTHY EATING CONT… Category Australia – Guide To Healthy Eating Vietnam – Malaysian Food Pyramid (Gender, Height Or Physical Activity) Gender 19-50 51 - 70 70+ Any Age, Gender, Height or Physical Activity Grains Men 6 6 4 ½ 4-8 Serves Women 6 4 3 Meat, Fish Poultry & Legumes Men 3 2 ½ 2 ½ ½ - 2 Serves of Meat, Fish & Poultry ½ - 1 Serve of Legumes Women 2 ½ 2 2 Vegetables Men 6 5 ½ 5 3 Serves Women 5 5 5 Fruit Men 2 2 2 2 Serves Women 2 2 2 Milk & Milks Products Men 2 ½ 2 ½ 3 ½ 1-3 Serves Per Day Women 2 ½ 4 4 Serving Size Differences 26&27
  • 11. CẢM ƠN BẠN ĐÃ LẮNG NGHE (THANK YOU FOR LISTENING)
  • 12. REFERENCES FROM POWERPOINT 1. , 2 Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship: Immigration and Population History of Selected Countries of Birth [internet]. [date unknown] [cited 2013 Aug 28]. Available from: http://www.immi.gov.au/media/publications/statistics/federation/body2.pdf 3. Corfield, Justin. 2008. The History of Vietnam. Westport: Greenwood Press. 124-125p. 4. Te, Huynh Dinh: Religion of the Vietnamese [internet]. [date unknown]. [Cited 2013 Jul 30]. Available from: http://www.vietspring.org/religion/religioninvn.html 5. BBC News Asia: Vietnam Profile [Internet]. 2013 [Cited 2013 Jul 30]. Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-16568035 6. The Asia-Pasific Journal: Japan Focus: The Great Vietnamese Famine of 1944-45 Revisited [internet]. [date unknown] cited 2013 Jul 30]. Available from http://www.japanfocus.org/-Geoffrey-Gunn/3483 7. Vietnam Culture: Culinary Matter in Vietnam [internet]. C2006 [cited 2013 Jul 30] Available from: http://www.vietnam-culture.com/culinary-matters-in-vietnam.aspx 8. Ohlsson, Michael. The Buddhist Diet [internet]. 1998. [cited 2013 Jul 30] Available from: http://online.sfsu.edu/rone/Buddhism/BuddhismAnimalsVegetarian/Buddhist%20Diet.htm 9. Queens Botanical Garden: Tet Nguyen Dan The Vietnamese New Year [internet]. C2006. [cited 2013 Aug 19] Available from: http://www.queensbotanical.org/education/56902/57016/vietnam 10. Vietnam[internet]. [place unknown] C2005 [cited 2013 Aug 12]. Available from: www.geographia.com/vietnam 11. Environment Database Division: State of Environment in Vietnam 2001[internet]. 2012 [cited 2013 Aug 13] Available from: http://www.rrcap.ait.asia/pub/soe/vietnam/sumary/key_issue_sumary.htm 12. Ling KF. The Asian Kitchen. Singapore: Periplus Editions Ltd; 2007. 173 p. 13. Williams- Sonoma Inc. Essentials of Asian cooking. Menlo Park (CA): Oxmoor House Inc; 2009. 195 p. 14. Viet World Kitchen: Beef Pho Noodle Soup Recipe(Pho Bo) [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.vietworldkitchen.com/blog/2008/10/pho-beef-noodle-soup.html 15. Ling KF. The Asian Kitchen. Singapore: Periplus Editions Ltd; 2007. 185 p. 16. Food of Vietnam: Histrony of Vietnamese Food [internet]. [date unknown] [cited 2013 Aug 12]. Available from: http://www.xuvn.com/foodofvietnam/history_of_vietnamese_food.htm 17. The Ravenous Couple: Xoi Vo Recipe Mung Bean Sticky Rice [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.theravenouscouple.com/2009/11/xoi-vo-recipe-mung-bean-sticky-rice.html 18. Ling KF. The Asian Kitchen. Singapore: Periplus Editions Ltd; 2007. 182 p 19. Ling KF. The Asian Kitchen. Singapore: Periplus Editions Ltd; 2007. 184 p. 20. Solomon C. The Complete Asian Cookbook. 5th ed. Dee Why West (NSW): Lansdowne Press; 1981. 337 p. 21. Solomon C. The Complete Asian Cookbook. 5th ed. Dee Why West (NSW): Lansdowne Press; 1981. 340 p. 22. http://whiteonricecouple.com/recipes/vietnamese-pickled-carrots-daikon/ Retrieved August 24 2013 23. Solomon C. The Complete Asian Cookbook. 5th ed. Dee Why West (NSW): Lansdowne Press; 1981. 341 p. 24. The Gutsy Gourmet: Vietnamese Coconut- Caramel Custard [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.thegutsygourmet.net/viet-coco-flan.html 25. Alibaba.com: Vietnam Snack Foods [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.alibaba.com/showroom/vietnam-snack-foods.html 26. NHMRC: Australian Dietary Guidelines Summary- Educator Guide [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 August 23]. Available from: http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachments/n55b_educator_guide_130709.pdf 27. MOH Government Website: Malaysian Dietary Guidelines [internet]. [date unknown] [cited 2013 Aug 13]. Available from: http://www.moh.gov.my/images/gallery/Garispanduan/diet/KM1.pdf
  • 13. REFERENCES FROM SPOKEN ELEMENT TOBEFIXED 1. , 2Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship: Immigration and Population History of Selected Countries of Birth [internet]. [date unknown] [cited 2013 Aug 28]. Available from: http://www.immi.gov.au/media/publications/statistics/federation/body2.pdf 2. Corfield, Justin. 2008. The History of Vietnam. Westport: Greenwood Press. 124-125p. 3. Te, Huynh Dinh: Religion of the Vietnamese [internet]. [date unknown]. [Cited 2013 Jul 30]. Available from: http://www.vietspring.org/religion/religioninvn.html 4. BBC News Asia: Vietnam Profile [Internet]. 2013 [Cited 2013 Jul 30]. Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-16568035 5. 16,17,28,22,42,43 Food by Country: Vietnam [Internet] 2013. [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.foodbycountry.com/Spain-to-Zimbabwe-Cumulative-Index/Vietnam.html 6. Neilsen C. Vietnam’s Rice Policy: Recent Reforms and Future Opportunities [internet]. [date unknown]. [cited 2013 Aug 19]. Available from: https://www.gtap.agecon.purdue.edu/resources/download/1080.pdf 7. Frumkin, H. Agent Orange and Cancer: An Overview for Clinicians. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians [internet]. 2008. [cited 2013 Jul 30]; 53 (4): 245 – 255. Introduction P. available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.3322/canjclin.53.4.245/full doi: 10.3322/canjclin.53.4.245. 8. Canadian International Markets Bureau: Market Analysis report Packages Food in Vietnam [internet]. Ottawa: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; 2011 June [cited 2013 Aug 18]. Available From: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/statistics/agri-food/vietnam_packaged_food_en.pdf 9. Hodal, K: McDonald’s opens first branch in Vietnam. The Guardian [internet]. 2013 Jul [cited 2013 Aug 19] Available from: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jul/17/mcdonalds-opens- first-restaurant-vietnam 10. Vietnam Culture: Culinary Matter in Vietnam [internet]. C2006 [cited 2013 Jul 30] Available from: http://www.vietnam-culture.com/culinary-matters-in-vietnam.aspx 11. Ohlsson, Michael. The Buddhist Diet [internet]. 1998. [cited 2013 Jul 30] Available from: http://online.sfsu.edu/rone/Buddhism/BuddhismAnimalsVegetarian/Buddhist%20Diet.htm 12. Queens Botanical Garden: Tet Nguyen Dan The Vietnamese New Year [internet]. C2006. [cited 2013 Aug 19] Available from: http://www.queensbotanical.org/education/56902/57016/vietnam 13. Vietnam[internet]. [place unknown] C2005 [cited 2013 Aug 12]. Available from: www.geographia.com/vietnam 14. SBS Food: About Vietnamese food[internet]. 2008 Jul [cited 2013 Aug 12] Available from: http://www.sbs.com.au/food/article/about-vietnamese-food 15. , 21, 34 Food of Vietnam: Histrony of Vietnamese Food [internet]. [date unknown] [cited 2013 Aug 12]. Available from: http://www.xuvn.com/foodofvietnam/history_of_vietnamese_food.htm 19. War Legacies Project: Environmental Impacts of Agent Orange in Vietnam[internet]. [date unknown] [cited 2013 Aug 12] Available from:http://www.warlegacies.org/environment.htm 20. Environment Database Division: State of Environment in Vietnam 2001[internet]. 2012 [cited 2013 Aug 13] Available from: http://www.rrcap.ait.asia/pub/soe/vietnam/sumary/key_issue_sumary.htm 23. Ling KF. The Asian Kitchen. Singapore: Periplus Editions Ltd; 2007. 173 p. 24. Williams- Sonoma Inc. Essentials of Asian cooking. Menlo Park (CA): Oxmoor House Inc; 2009. 195 p. 25. ,47, 50 NHMRC: Australian Dietary Guidelines Summary- Educator Guide [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 August 23 & 27]. Available from: http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachments/n55b_educator_guide_130709.pdf
  • 14. REFERENCES FROM SPOKEN ELEMENT CONT… 26. Seasonal Food Guide Australia: General Australian Seasonal Produce Guide [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://seasonalfoodguide.com/australia-general-seasonal-fresh-produce-guide-fruits- vegetables-in-season-availability.html 27. Solomon C. The Complete Asian Cookbook. 5th ed. Dee Why West (NSW): Lansdowne Press; 1981. 493 p. 28. The Cook's Thesaurus: Roots [Internet]. 2005 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.foodsubs.com/Roots.html 29. Ricegrowers' Association Of Australia Inc: Rice Facts [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.rga.org.au/about-rice/rice-facts.aspx 30. Wahlquist M. editor Food & Nutrition. 3rd ed. Crows Nest (NSW): Allen & Unwin; 2011. 27 p. 31. Viet World Kitchen: Beef Pho Noodle Soup Recipe (Pho Bo) [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.vietworldkitchen.com/blog/2008/10/pho-beef-noodle-soup.html 32. Ling KF. The Asian Kitchen. Singapore: Periplus Editions Ltd; 2007. 185 p. 33. The Ravenous Couple: Xoi Vo Recipe Mung Bean Sticky Rice [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.theravenouscouple.com/2009/11/xoi-vo-recipe-mung-bean-sticky-rice.html 34. Ling KF. The Asian Kitchen. Singapore: Periplus Editions Ltd; 2007. 182 p 35. Ling KF. The Asian Kitchen. Singapore: Periplus Editions Ltd; 2007. 184 p. 36. Solomon C. The Complete Asian Cookbook. 5th ed. Dee Why West (NSW): Lansdowne Press; 1981. 337 p. 37. Solomon C. The Complete Asian Cookbook. 5th ed. Dee Why West (NSW): Lansdowne Press; 1981. 340 p. 38. White on Rice Couple: Vietnamese Pickles Carrots & Daikon, My Family Recipe. 2012 [cited 2013 Aug 24] Available from: http://whiteonricecouple.com/recipes/vietnamese-pickled-carrots-daikon/ 39. Solomon C. The Complete Asian Cookbook. 5th ed. Dee Why West (NSW): Lansdowne Press; 1981. 341 p. 40. The Gutsy Gourmet: Vietnamese Coconut- Caramel Custard [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.thegutsygourmet.net/viet-coco-flan.html 41. Alibaba.com: Vietnam Snack Foods [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 August 24]. Available from: http://www.alibaba.com/showroom/vietnam-snack-foods.html 44. Wahlquist M. editor Food & Nutrition. 3rd ed. Crows Nest (NSW): Allen & Unwin; 2011. 27 p. 45. National Institute of Nutrition: National Institute of Nutrition [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 August 27]. Available from http://viendinhduong.vn/news/en/158/110/a/national-institute-of-nutrition.aspx 46. Uzoma K: Lack of fiber in the diet [Internet]. 2013 Aug [cited 2013 August 27]. Available from http://www.livestrong.com/article/270975-lack-of-fiber-in-the-diet/ 48. Dunne LJ. Nutrition Almanac. 5th ed. New York (NY): McGraw-Hill: 2002. 115 p 49. Palo Alto Medical Foundation Sutter Health: Lactose Intolerance [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2013 August 27]. Available from http://www.pamf.org/southasian/risk/concerns/lactose.html 51. Wahlquist M. editor Food & Nutrition. 3rd ed. Crows Nest (NSW): Allen & Unwin; 2011. 577 p. 52. National Institute of Nutrition: National Institute of Nutrition [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 August 27]. Available from http://viendinhduong.vn/news/en/158/110/a/national-institute-of- nutrition.aspx 53. Dave A: What happens to a body when eating too much salt? [Internet]. 2011 May [cited 2013 August 27]. Available from http://www.livestrong.com/article/441283-what-happens-to-a-body-when-eating-too-much-salt/

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