The Soldier Song
Soldiers are we
whose lives are pledged to Ireland;
Some have come
from a land beyond the wave.
Sworn to be free,
No more our ancient sire land
Shall shelter the despot or the slave.
Tonight we man the gap of danger
In Erin's cause, come woe or weal
'Mid cannons' roar and rifles peal,
We'll chant a soldier's song.
from the Irish National Anthem
Ireland is an island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is often called the Emerald
Isle where, it is said, the countryside is colored with 40 shades of green.
The Republic of Ireland takes up most of the land. The country of Northern Ireland,
which is part of the United Kingdom, is located in the northeast.
There are 32 counties in Ireland.
• Twenty-six of them are in the
Republic of Ireland.
• The capital, Dublin, is located in
• There are six counties in
Northern Ireland, know as
• The capital is Belfast. Most of
Belfast is in County Antrim, but
parts of East and South Belfast
are in County Down.
Quick Irish History
7500 B.C. The first known
inhabitants settle in Ireland.
600-150 B.C. Celtic tribes arrive on
432 A.D. St. Patrick arrives in Ireland,
bringing Christianity. (The Protestant
faith did not yet exist.)
1541 Britain's King Henry VIII is
declared King of Ireland by
Englishmen living in Ireland. He
opposes the Catholic religion.
1608 Britain's King James I sends
thousands of Protestant English
farmers to Ireland to take over land
owned by Catholic farmers, mostly in
1692 New laws forbid Catholics to
vote, own land or practice their
religion. Such laws remain in effect
1845 – 1849 A potato blight kills
Ireland's staple food crop. About a
million people die from starvation
and fever during the Great Potato
Famine. There is a mass migration to
the US and other countries.
1916 The Easter Rebellion. Armed
Irish patriots rebel against British
troops in Dublin, Ireland, on the
Monday after Easter. The British
execute rebel leaders.
1919-1921 The Anglo-Irish War
between the British and the Irish
Republican Army. In a treaty, Britain
finally gives up control of most of
Ireland but tightens its grip on the six
counties of Ulster (Northern Ireland).
Quick Irish History
1949 Britain declares Ulster a
permanent part of the British
Empire. The lower 26 counties of
Ireland declare themselves the
Irish Republic, totally free of British
1972 During anti-British protests in the Ulster town of
Londonderry on January 30, 13 unarmed marchers are
killed by British troops, an event now known as Bloody
Sunday. Britain imposes direct rule on Ulster. A more
intense era of bloodshed begins. The Irish call this
violence the Troubles.
1990 Mary Robinson
becomes the first
woman president of
1998 Northern Ireland and the Republic of
Ireland adopt on The Good Friday
Agreement, an important step in the peace
process, and self-governing for Northern
2002 The Euro replaces the Irish
pound, or punt, as Ireland's
2005-2006 The European Union
officially recognizes Irish as a
working language. The Irish
government begins a 20-year
plan to make Ireland a bilingual
country where everyone speaks
both Irish and English.
Trinity college, University of Dublin
Trinity College Dublin is recognized internationally as Ireland’s most
important university and as one of the world's leading research-intensive
universities. Founded in 1592 after Oxford and Cambridge, it is the oldest
university in Ireland and one of the older universities of Western Europe.
Trinity College is the home of The Book
of Kells, a four-volume, richly decorated
manuscript containing the four Gospels
in Latin. It is written on vellum
(prepared calfskin), in script known as
The Book of Kells is believed to have
been written about 800 AD in a
monastery on Iona, an island off the
west coast of Scotland.
A land of musicians
(1670 – 25 March 1738)
A blind early Irish harper,
composer and singer whose great
fame is due to his gift for melodic
He is considered by many to be
Ireland's national composer.
Saint Patrick (387 - 461) the
patron saint of Ireland, was
born in Scotland but spent 40
years in Ireland converting the
pagans. He used a shamrock
to teach the concept of the
trinity. He died on March 17,
461. The anniversary of his
death is celebrated around
Brian Boru (941 - 1014)
the last great High King
of Ireland and perhaps
the greatest military
leader the country has
ever known. With his
brother, they fought
against the invading
Finn McCool - Legend has
it he built the Giant's
Causeway as stepping-
stones to Scotland, so as
not to get his fesssset wet;
he also once scooped up
part of Ireland to fling it at a
rival, but it missed and
landed in the Irish Sea—
the clump becoming the
Isle of Man.
Michael Collins (1890-
1922) revolutionary leader
who served as Director of
Intelligence for the IRA
and Commander in chief
of the national Army. He
was shot and killed during
the Irish civil War.
Michael Higgins (1938- )
President of Ireland,
elected October 2011.
Daniel O’Connell (1775 -
1847) referred to as the
Liberator, he campaigned for
the right for Catholics to sit
in the Westminster
Parliament and to repeal the
Act of Union which
combined Great Britain and
There are 34.5 million Americans who list their heritage as either primarily or partially Irish.
That number is seven times larger than the population of Ireland itself (4.5 million). Irish is the
second-most common ancestry among Americans, falling just behind German.
Henry Ford: Son
of an Irish
the American Civil
War. Started the
Company and the
rest is history.
(also of Irish
descent), served in
Congress and died
when the Alamo fell
F. Kennedy was
the first Irish
Catholic elected to
be President of
the United States.
He is well-loved in
Ireland even to
was from County
Canada and then
the United States.
Irish sweaters are also known as Aran sweaters, named after the islands where they
were first made. The stitches stand for different things.
Ireland vs. San Diego
• People 4,591,087
• Sheep 8,000,000
• Cows 7,000,000
Square miles - 32,595 sq miles
Rainfall – Between 31 and 47
inches a year
Number of days it rains a year –
Between 151 on the east coast
and 225 on the west coast
• People 1,326,000
Square miles - 372.4 sq
miles (964.5 km²)
Rainfall – An average of
10.33 inches a year
Number of days it rains a
year – An average of 41
WhaT’s cool In Ireland Today
Fun: Hurling, X box or play station, football (soccer),
rugby, tennis and bowling
Hanging out with their friends
Music: One Direction, Jason Derulo, Ed
Sheerin, Coldplay and Macklemore
Fashion: Hollister hoodies, Abercrombie,
Juicy Couture, and tee shirts
Sports are a way of life in Ireland, and they have some great ones! Ireland's national
pastime, hurling, is one of the more popular sports, as is Gaelic Football, soccer and
rugby. So, here is a breakdown of the most popular sports in Ireland.
Hurling - Hurling is a game
similar to field hockey and
lacrosse with 15 players on each
team. In hurling, you can hit the
ball along the ground, as in field
hockey, or overhead like in
lacrosse. You can score by
hitting the ball over the
crossbar of the goalpost for one
point, or you can put it in the
net for three points.
Gaelic Football - Gaelic is a game
played by 15 players on each team
where the object is to score by kicking
or striking the ball (which looks like a
volleyball) over or under the crossbar.
Like hurling, if it goes over the bar, the
team is awarded one point, and if it
goes under, they will get three points.
Soccer - Soccer is another highly
popular sport in Ireland. The Ireland
National Football team isn't mentioned
among the world's elite, but they do
have many talented players.
The staples of the Irish diet have
traditionally been potatoes, oats and
Potatoes still appear at most Irish meals.
The Irish have also been accomplished
cheese makers for centuries. Ireland makes
about fifty types of homemade
"farmhouse" cheeses, which are
Soups of all types, seafood, and meats also
play important roles in the Irish diet.
Irish stew has been recognized as the
national dish for at least two centuries. A
poem from the early 1800s praised Irish
stew for satisfying the hunger of anyone
who ate it:
Then hurrah for an Irish Stew
That will stick to your belly like glue.
Bread is an important part of Irish culture.
Fresh soda bread, a crusty brown bread
made from whole-wheat flour and
buttermilk, is a national dish of Ireland.
The most common everyday beverage in
Ireland is tea.
A traditional Irish breakfast
consists are bacon rashers
(slices), sausages, fried eggs,
white pudding (port sausage
made with oatmeal) , black
pudding (pork sausage made
with oatmeal including the
blood), soda bread and fried
mushrooms and baked beans
are also served. It’s all
washed down with a strong
Irish breakfast tea. Boxty
(potato pancake) or toast is
sometimes served as soda
A jaunting car is a light two-wheeled carriage for a single horse. It
commonly has seats for two or four persons placed back to back
with the floor boards jutting out over the wheels. It was used
extensively in Ireland in the 19thh century. Jaunting cars remain in
use for tourists in some parts of the country.
Bunratty Castle, meaning "Castle at
the Mouth of the Ratty river , is a
large 15th century tower house in
County Clare, Ireland. The castle
grounds include a folk park, which
is an open-air museum featuring
around 30 buildings.
Blarney Castle was built nearly
six hundred years ago by one of
Ireland's greatest chieftains,
Cormac McCarthy, and has been
attracting attention ever since.
Now that might have something
to do with the Blarney Stone,
the legendary Stone of
Eloquence, found at the top of
our Tower. Kiss it and you'll
never again be lost for words.
blarney Castel and the stone
The Claddagh ring is a traditional Irish ring
given which represents love, loyalty, and
friendship . The hands represent
friendship, the heart represents love, and
the crown represents loyalty.
The design and customs associated with it
originated in the Irish fishing village of
Claddagh, located just outside the old city
walls of Galway, now part of Galway City.[
The ring, as currently known, was first
produced in the 17th century.
Peat is a brown, soil-like material
harvested from bogs. It consists of
partly decomposed vegetable matter. It
is widely cut and dried for use in
gardening and as fuel.
Peat is cut into oblong bars. Briquettes
are largely smokeless when burned in
domestic fireplaces and are widely
used in Irish towns and cities where
burning non-smokeless coal is banned.
A leprechaun is a type of fairy in Irish folklore. They are usually depicted as old men,
wearing a red or green coat and enjoy making mischief. Leprechauns are no taller than a
small child, and wear a beard and hat.
Leprechauns spend their time making shoes, and store all their coins in a hidden pot of
gold at the end of the rainbow. If you capture a Leprechaun, he has the magical power
to grant three wishes in exchange for his release or he must give you his precious gold.
Beware the leprechaun
Beware the leprechaun
When you find a leprechaun, you must not
take your eyes off him if you want your
three wishes. This is much harder than it
seems. Leprechauns are accomplished
ventriloquists, and will try to make you
look away by sounding like your mother or
pet. When you turn around to look, the
leprechaun will vanish.
Or, a leprechaun might offer to play his
bagpipes for you; but his music will carry a
special spell with it, and get your feet to
dancing all on their own, so that
he’ll send you down the street doing a silly
jig to the “Leprechaun’s Reel”, while he
waltzes merrily home.
Cliffs of Mohr, Claire
Giants Causeway, Antrim
Dingle Peninsula, Kerry
Rock of Cashel,
Blarney Castle, Cork
DUNluce castle, antrim
Kylemore Abbey, Galway