Bibliographies, In-textReferencing andReference ListsHarvard System Version 2 – 19 February 2013
Bibliographies, In-text Referencing andReference Lists Acknowledge the origin and give credit for the information and ideas that you use in your assessment.
Why are they important? In addition to acknowledging the work of other people bibliographies and referencing – Avoids plagiarism Enable your reader to locate and verify your sources independently Demonstrate that you have read widely and used quality resources
What needs referencing?Any source of information - books statistics from ABS book chapters encyclopaedia and journal articles dictionaries newspaper articles websites conference papers * even emails and personal government publications correspondence
BibliographiesAn alphabetical list of allresources consulted inresearching an assignment.Citations include author, date,title, publisher and place ofpublication.
Annotated BibliographiesAn alphabetical list of all resources consulted inresearching an assignment.Each entry includes a citation and a description of theresource including information about content,readability, language and relationship to requiredinformation.
In-text ReferencingAcknowledges ideas and sources of information in the mainbody of your writing.In-text referencing is an abbreviation of the full citationyour reader can find in the reference list.E.g. In his conclusion, Rajaratnam (2001) points to the possible economic and social costs incurred by a nation, when individuals work out of phase with their biological clocks.
Reference ListAn alphabetical list of allresources used or referred to inwriting an assignment.Citations include author, date,title, publisher and place ofpublication.
Arranging citation information Details about a source of information are arranged in a set order using strict punctuation rules There are a number of world recognized referencing systems Harvard APA Chicago MLA
Referencing a bookUse information found on the title page and verso
Referencing a bookAuthor, initial year, title, edition, Publisher, Place.Our example: O’Connor, I, Wilson, J, Setterlund, D & Hughes, M 2008, Social work and human service practice, 5th edn, Pearson Longman, Frenchs Forest.
Referencing a journal articleAuthor, initial year, ‘Title of article’, Journal title, Volumenumber, Issue number, page number (s).Our example: Castelino, T 2009, ‘Making children’s safety and wellbeing matter’, Australian social work : the journal of the Australian Association of social workers, 62, 1, (61-73).
Referencing a website http://www.aihw.gov.au/media-release-detail/?id=10737420865
Referencing a websiteAuthor (person or organisation) Year, (site created or revised) Title of document,Name, (and place if applicable) of sponsor of the site, date of viewing thesite, (day month year) <URL>Our example: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2011, Young women the dominant users of specialist homelessness services, Australian Government, Canberra, 13 March 2012 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/media-release-detail/?id=10737420865>
Referencing an app https://itunes.apple.com/au/genre/ios/id36?mt=8
Referencing an appUse originator/ author – if not available use the title.Year, (use access year if release date is not available)Title of app. Version number. Mobile app. [AccessedDate].Our example:Skyscape. 2010. Skyscape Medical Resources. Version 1.9.11.Mobile app. [Accessed 18 January 2011].Morgan, J. 2012. Business Marketing Lecture. Duke University.itunes-u. Version 1.9.11. Mobile app. [Accessed 25 January2012].
Our Sample Reference ListReferences:Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2011, Young women the dominant users ofspecialist homelessness services, Australian Government, Canberra, 13 March 2012<http://www.aihw.gov.au/media-release-detail/?id=10737420865>Castelino, T 2009, ‘Making children’s safety and wellbeing matter’, Australian socialwork : the journal of the Australian Association of social workers, 62, 1, (61-73).Morgan, J. 2012. Business Marketing Lecture. Duke University. itunes-u. Version1.9.11. Mobile app. [Accessed 25 January 2012].O’Connor, I, Wilson, J, Setterlund, D, Hughes, M 2008, Social work and humanservice practice, 5th edn, Pearson Longman, Frenchs Forest.Skyscape. 2010. Skyscape Medical Resources. Version 1.9.11. Mobile app. [Accessed18 January 2011].
Points to remember Be consistent. Use the same process for each resource Bournemouth University – easy to follow clear examples of a wide range of sources http://www.bournemouth.ac.uk/library/local-assets/how-to/docs/citing-references.pdf Using Microsoft Word? Remember to select Harvard as your referencing style Have a question? Please call your library
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