] STARS OF DAVID Today you will see the hexagram used to identify synagogues and Jewish organizations. The symbol that was once used to separate Jews from the rest of society is now flown on the flag of Judaism’s homeland,
Judaism is… <ul><li>The monotheistic religion of the Jews, tracing its origins to Abraham and having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Hebrew Scriptures and the Talmud. </li></ul><ul><li>The oldest religion of the western world and has influenced Christianity and Islam. There are approximately fifteen million Jews throughout the world. </li></ul>
Judaism is… <ul><li>“ A 4000 year old tradition with ideas about what it means to be human and how to make the world a holy place” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Rabbi Harold Kushner, To Life ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A “covenant relationship” between God and the Hebrew people </li></ul><ul><li>A celebration and sanctification of life </li></ul><ul><li>A faith, a people, a way of life… </li></ul>
The Hebrews were the ancestors of the Jewish people and trace their ancestry to Abraham, who left his home in the Mesopotamian city of Ur about 2200BC. The Hebrews were different from others of their time because they were monotheistic; they believed in only one God. The Hebrews believed they had a special relationship with their God and that they were his chosen people.
History of Judaism <ul><li>The Hebrews returned to Israel, but they were conquered by several other cultures. In time, most of the Hebrews were forced to leave Israel, beginning a period known as the Diaspora. The Hebrews were forced to live as minorities in many different lands until the creation of the Jewish nation of Israel in 1948. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (“Israel”) – origins of the Hebrew people (more than 3800 years ago) </li></ul><ul><li>Enslaved in ancient Egypt and freed by Moses (more than 3300 years ago) </li></ul><ul><li>Hebrew monarchy in the “Promised Land” (The Land of Israel), ends 6th century BCE </li></ul>
Judaism is based on the belief in one God, Creator of the universe, who revealed His divine pattern for life for all mankind through the Torah, given to Moses and the Jewish people at Mount Sinai.
Creed: Basic Teachings <ul><li>Jews believe that God hears prayers and that the pure in heart may commune with Him directly without any intercessor, They affirm that man is good and is not tainted with original sin, and that immortality of the soul is the inheritance of everyone, especially those who are remembered for good deeds. </li></ul>
In Judaism: · There are 613 commandments, not 10 • The "Ten Commandments" are categories • The 10 are divided into duties to God and duties to people • Different religions divide the 10 in different ways · Their belief can be found on Torah, Rambam's thirteen principles of faith and Halakhah: Jewish Law
Aseret ha-Dibrot: "Ten Commandments” <ul><li>1. Belief in God –”Iam the Lord” </li></ul><ul><li>2. Prohibition of Improper Worship </li></ul><ul><li> 3. Prohibition of Oaths - derived from Ex. 20:7, beginning, "You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain..." prohibitions against perjury, breaking or delaying the performance of vows or promises, and speaking God's name or swearing unnecessarily. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Observance of Sacred Times </li></ul><ul><li>- derived from Ex. 20:8-11, beginning, "Remember the Sabbath day..."encompasses all mitzvot related to Shabbat, holidays, or other sacred time. </li></ul>
<ul><li>5. Respect for Parents and Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>- derived from Ex. 20:12, beginning, "Honor your father and mother..." </li></ul><ul><li>6. Prohibition of Physically Harming a Person </li></ul><ul><li>-is derived from Ex. 20:13, saying, "You shall not murder." </li></ul><ul><li>7. Prohibition of Sexual Immorality </li></ul><ul><li>-is derived from Ex. 20:13, saying, "You shall not commit adultery." </li></ul><ul><li>8. Prohibition of Theft - derived from Ex. 20:13, saying, "You shall not steal." </li></ul>
<ul><li>9. Prohibition of Harming a Person through Speech -derived from Ex. 20:13, saying, "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor." It includes all forms of lashon ha-ra (sins relating to speech). </li></ul><ul><li>10. Prohibition of Coveting - derived from Ex. 20:14, beginning, "You shall not covet your neighbor's house </li></ul>
From tradition, Jewish pray in a congregation three times a day. The study of Torah , the revealed will of God, also is considered an act of worship. The Torah is read religiously
Over the course of a year, the entire Torah will be read onSabbath and festival days. The Jewish year includes five major festivals : <ul><li>· Pesach—(Passover) Remembers the Exodus from Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>· Shavu'ot—Festival of Weeks Remembers the giving of the Torah; also a harvest festival </li></ul><ul><li>· Sukkot— Feast of Tabernacles Remembers the wandering in the dessert; also a harvest festival </li></ul><ul><li>· Rosh Hashanah—New Year Dipping apples in honey; Casting off "sins" into a river </li></ul><ul><li>· Yom Kippur- Day of Atonement Fasting, Prayer and Repentance </li></ul>
Cult: Worship/ Rituals <ul><li>Judaism teaches the supreme value of life, yet we're not pacifists. Wiping out evil is also part of justice. The values such as respect of life, freedom, and brotherhood, all stem from Judaism. </li></ul><ul><li>The Torah is the most holy book of Judaism. The Torah is also holy to Christians, who include it as the Old Testament of their Bible. The Talmud is another holy book in Judaism. The Talmud is a collection of the laws and customs of the Jewish people. </li></ul>
Cult: Worship/ Rituals <ul><li>"By three things is the world sustained: </li></ul><ul><li>by the law, </li></ul><ul><li>by the (temple) service, </li></ul><ul><li>and by deeds of loving kindness." </li></ul><ul><li>This basic teaching is further underscored by the threefold function of the synagogue as a "house of study" (for learning of Torah), "house of prayer" (for worship of God), and "house of assembly" (for the care of community needs). </li></ul>
Trivia: How is Judaism related to Christianity? <ul><li>Judaism predates Christianity – it is the foundation of Christianity but is not a part of it </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus was Jewish, as were his followers and the Apostles </li></ul><ul><li>Jews do not believe that Jesus was anything more than a good and wise man who lived and died 2000 years ago – Jews still await their messiah </li></ul><ul><li>The Jewish messiah would not be divine. He would be a political figure who restores the Hebrew monarchy and causes peace to reign on Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Jews are not concerned about salvation and the “world to come” </li></ul>
Trivia: What are Jews really concerned about? <ul><li>Tikkun Olam - “repairing this world” through justice and righteousness; through “deed, not creed” </li></ul><ul><li>The heart of Judaism is in the home and family, social responsibility and doing Mitzvot (“good deeds” based on God’s commandments) </li></ul><ul><li>Through education and hard work we make our lives, the lives of others, and the world, what God intended it to be – Holy! </li></ul>
The END ^___^ <ul><li> By: </li></ul><ul><li>Joan Casey Espolong </li></ul><ul><li>and Carol Nicole Cueto </li></ul>
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