Introduction to literature
• How’s it going?
• Can you find the books
on your reading lists?
• Can you renew and
• Do you know who to
contact for help?
• Library Subject Guides?
Today we are going to cover...
• Finding the evidence
• Searching effectively for journal articles
• Evaluating information
• Using information ethically (citing and
Exercise 1 - Discuss in pairs
• What is evidence?
• How and why might evidence be useful in
veterinary nursing practice?
What Is Evidence?
“Information or signs indicating whether
something is true or valid”
Compact Oxford Dictionary for Students (2006)
You will need to provide appropriate
evidence to support any claims or arguments
made in your assignments
“…involves the conscientious use of current
best evidence in making decisions about
Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: a guide to
best practice (2005)
‘the use of current best evidence in making
Cockroft and Holmes (2003) Handbook of evidence based
Where’s the evidence?
• Clinical guidelines and other procedures and
protocols for practice are based on research
evidence from specialist resources
• High quality, peer-reviewed research in
• Articles can be found using specialist subject
books and more
Good starting point
for your research
Covers ALL subjects
taught at the
Today we’re going to search for
Preventing obesity in dogs
What are the important concepts in this
topic? Are there other terms for the same
ideas? Related ideas?
1. Pick out your concepts and separate them
– Obesity, dogs, prevention
2. Think of other words that are similar to your
key words but represent the same concepts
– e.g. Overweight, weight gain, weight
Finding the databases
• In myUniHub, go to My Study – Library Subject
• Select the Veterinary Nursing guide
• Click on Resources
• Then Finding Journal Articles Using
• Choose a database (e.g. Science Direct)
• Use Summon and/or Science Direct for articles
“preventing obesity in dogs (and/or cats)”
• Remember to try other related keywords too
A Few Search tips
• Search for phrases (“”):
eg. “animal welfare”
• Broaden your search (*):
eg. prevent* (finds
prevent, prevents, preventing, preventative
A Few Search tips
• Widen your search
eg. Obesity OR overweight OR weight
• Narrow your search
eg. obesity AND canine
But is it any good?
Is it what you need and is it trustworthy?
What criteria would you use to assess the
relevance and quality of the information?
C A R P
• Currency - How old is the information? When
was it last updated?
• Authority - Who is the author / creator? What
is their background?
Is the article published in a scholarly/peer
• Relevance - Is this what I need? Will it answer
my question? Is it at an appropriate level?
• Purpose - What is the purpose of the
information e.g. financial gain, propaganda,
academic research, etc.
• Work in groups
• 4 resources and evaluation sheet
• For each resource, decide as a group if it
meets the criteria.
• No need to read the whole thing!
• Is very important
• Acknowledges other people’s work (avoids
• Shows you’ve read around the subject
• Supports your discussion and arguments
• Gets you better marks!
• Enables others to find your references
• Librarians in the Specialist Zone (1st floor)
during core hours Monday – Friday
• Ask a Librarian http://askalibrarian.mdx.ac.uk/
• Veterinary Nursing Library Subject Guide