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Soundtrack research

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  • 1. 76200-390525Soundtrack Research<br />A soundtrack can be recorded music complementing and synchronized with the images of a piece of action, a book, television programme or a video game. It can be a commercially released soundtrack album of music featuring in the soundtrack of a film or television show; or the physical area of a film that contains the harmonized recorded sound.<br />Soundtracks came to be known in the early 1950s. They were first created by movie companies as promotional gimmicks for new films; they were available recordings labelled and advertised as "music from the original motion picture soundtrack." This phrase was rapidly shortened to just "original motion picture soundtrack." Such recordings usually consist of isolated music from a film, not the sound track with dialogue and sound effects.<br />In the soundtrack genre there are three types of recordings:<br />Musical film soundtracks which concentrate primarily on the songs(Examples: Grease, Singin' in the Rain)<br />Film scores which showcase the background music from non-musicals(Examples: Star Wars, Exodus)<br />Albums of pop songs heard in whole or part in the background of non-musicals(Examples: Sleepless in Seattle, When Harry Met Sally)<br />The expression soundtrack generally refers to the music used in a movie or television programme, and to an album which is sold containing that specific music. Sometimes, the music has been recorded just for the film or album (e.g. Saturday Night Fever). Often, but not always depending on the genre of the movie, the soundtrack album will contain portions of the score, music made for dramatic effect as the movie's plot occurs. In 1908, Camille Saint-Saëns composed the first music especially for use in a motion picture (L'assasinat du duc de Guise), and releasing recordings of songs used in films became common in the 1930s. Henry Mancini, who won an Emmy Award and two Grammys for his soundtrack to Peter Gunn, was the first composer to have an extensive hit with a song from a soundtrack. A soundtrack record can conventionally contain different kinds of music appearing in the movie; the score contains only music by the original film's composer(s).<br />The different type of film genres are:<br />Action - usually include high energy, big-budget physical stunts and chases, possibly with rescues, battles, fights, escapes, destructive crises (floods, explosions, natural disasters, fires, etc.), non-stop motion, spectacular rhythm and pacing, and adventurous, often two-dimensional 'good-guy' heroes (or recently, heroines) battling 'bad guys' - all designed for audience escapism. <br />Adventure - usually thrilling stories, with innovative experiences or unusual locales, very similar to or often paired with the action film genre. They can include traditional plots, and historical spectacles or expeditions for lost continents, "jungle" and "desert" epics, treasure hunts, disaster films, or searches for the mysteriously unknown.<br />Comedy - Comedies are light-hearted plots constantly and deliberately designed to amuse and provoke laughter (with one-liners, jokes, etc.) by exaggerating the circumstances, the language, action, relationships and characters. Various forms of comedy are slapstick, screwball, spoofs and parodies, romantic comedies, black comedy (dark satirical comedy), and more.<br />Crime - (gangster) films are developed around the menacing actions of criminals or mobsters, chiefly bank robbers, underworld figures, or ruthless hoodlums who operate outside the law, stealing and murdering their way through life. Criminal and gangster films are often categorized as film noir or detective-mystery films - because of underlying similarities between these cinematic forms. <br />Drama - serious, plot-driven presentations, portraying realistic characters, settings, life situations, and stories involving intense character development and interaction. Usually, they are not focused on special-effects; comedy, or action, Dramatic films are almost certainly the largest film genre, with many subsets. <br />Horror - designed to frighten and to invoke the audience’s worst fears, repeatedly in a horrifying, scandalous finale, while captivating and engaging the audience at the same time in a cathartic experience. Horror films feature a wide range of styles; they are often combined with science fiction when the menace or monster is related to a corruption of technology, or when Earth is endangered by aliens. The fantasy and supernatural film genres are not generally synonymous with the horror genre. There are many sub-genres of horror: slasher, teen terror, serial killers, satanic, Dracula, Frankenstein, etc. <br />Science fiction - often quasi-scientific, visionary and imaginative - complete with heroes, aliens, distant planets, impossible quests, improbable settings, fantastic places, great dark and shadowy villains, futuristic technology, unknown and unknowable forces, and extraordinary, either created by mad scientists or by nuclear havoc. <br />Musicals - cinematic forms that highlight full-scale scores or song and dance routines in an important way (frequently with a musical or dance performance integrated as part of the film narrative). Or they can be films that are centred on combinations of music, dance, song or choreography. <br />War - acknowledge the horror and heartbreak of war, letting the actual combat fighting (against nations or humankind) on land, sea, or in the air provide the primary plot or background for the action of the film. <br />Western - major defining genre of the American film industry - a tribute to the early days of the expansive American frontier. They are one of the oldest, most enduring genres with very recognizable plots, elements, and characters (six-guns, horses, dusty towns and trails, cowboys, Indians, etc.). <br />For all of these different types of film genres, a specific and carefully thought about soundtrack is created to suit the mood and atmosphere of the film. Therefore, many soundtracks take a great amount of time, careful thought and consideration to make. <br />