The jesuit relations
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The jesuit relations Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Jesuit Relations By: Josh Kessner History 140 Professor Arguello
  • 2. Introduction
    • The Jesuits followed the conquistadors of Portugal, Spain, and France into the new world, attempting to turn pagan savages into Catholic Christianity
    • These missionaries were of the Society of Jesus and thought that any religion outside of their own was lesser and not the right way
    • In 1534, The Society of Jesus was founded by Spanish ex-soldier Ignatius of Loyola
    • The Jesuits taught their followers multiple aspects of education, literature, and some scientific studies
  • 3. Introduction
    • The goal of the Jesuit missionaries was to convert the native Indians into Catholicism so that they could be better dependable and relate with the colonists
    • The Jesuits would go out of their way to study the culture of the natives and understand the reason behind the way they do things
    • In studying the native Indians, the Jesuits would even learn their language to try and win over some respect from the Indians
    • In understanding their way of life, speaking their language, and meticulously recording their cultural history, many of the Indians were amazed to see such focus upon them by the Jesuits
  • 4. Disease and Medicine
    • As the Europeans continued to come into the New World, they brought along many diseases
    • some of the diseases that they carried with them were Smallpox, influenza, and measles
    • These diseases were recorded to have wiped out at least half of the Indian population
    • The Jesuits’ view on disease though was why it was caused by their god
    • They put their focus on baptizing the dying rather than curing the diseased living
  • 5. Disease and Medicine
    • The natives had a different view upon the ill than the Jesuits
    • The Jesuits didn’t approve of the Native medicine
    • The natives believed the illnesses to be caused by both Natural and Supernatural causes
    • They believed that the medical procedures needed to ass the mind and body spiritually
    • Jesuits were shocked by the rituals and behaviors of the Natives way to help the sick
    • Also the natives believed that dances and games would help cure the ill
    • While the Jesuits believed that once ill , one should be isolated from daily activity
  • 6. Missions to the Iroquois
    • One of the greatest missions of the Jesuits into the New World was to convert the natives into Catholicism
    • After a lasting peace was finally established in 1667, Jesuits were finally able to be successful in working with the natives
    • Jesuits worked among the Five Nations Iroquois until 1684
    • Many of these newly converted Indians had migrated north to the St. Lawrence River
  • 7. Missions to the Iroquois
    • Although some of the Iroquois Indians had accepted the teachings of the Jesuits, they still believed and wanted to preserve their own religious backgrounds
    • The Jesuits had difficulty in having the Iroquois follow faithfully in their religions
    • Overtime, some of them did convert and moved up towards the Northern colonies, where they assumed that more Indians would later convert and gather
    • The French called this area Sault St. Louis
  • 8. Writings on the Natural Environment
    • The Indians viewed natural phenomena in both a spiritual way, as well as a physical
    • They would tell stories about thunder, lightning, eclipses, as well as other phenomena with creatures that were animal and human
    • The Europeans questioned the world around them as well, although they kept separate the idea of a religious reason and a physical reason
  • 9. Writings on the Natural Environment
    • Once arriving to the New world, it was evident how full of life the land was
    • The people discovered rivers full of fish and other aqua life that would yield beneficial to the survival of man
    • There were oils that could be brought out of the animals and plantation
    • Also, there was an incredible amount of timber to use for households
    • New plants that were never before discovered were cultivated and used for medicines amongst other things
    • The North American environment was rich in useful substance
  • 10. Martyrs and Mystics
    • When Jesuits were first arriving and planned to visit the Iroquois in hopes of converting them to Catholicism, they weren’t prepared for what was to happen
    • The Iroquois were experienced in torturing their enemies and would take torture to extreme measures
    • For example they would bite off the fingernails of the Jesuits and run knives through their hands
    • Also, they would cut open their elbows and shove sticks up the gash
    • Another type of torture often practiced was the cutting off of thumbs and fingers
  • 11. Martyrs and Mystics
    • Catherine Tegahkouita also known as Kateri was the ideal Jesuit follower
    • She had an Iroquois Father and a Christian Algonquin mother
    • The parents disapproved of her devotion to the religion
    • Kateri remained a virgin throughout her entire life and protested the idea of marriage
    • She escaped from her family because they tried to use ploys to shake her of her religion and faith
    • She spent the rest of her life at a mission after leaving her family