Peoples and Empires

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Josh Kessner
History 140
Professor Arguello

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Peoples and Empires

  1. 1. Peoples and Empires: Alexander The Great By: Josh Kessner History 140 Professor Arguello
  2. 2. Who was Alexander the Great? <ul><li>Alexander the Great was born in 356 BC in Pella which was the capital of Macedonia. </li></ul><ul><li>His father was Philip II, King of Macedonia, and his mother was Olympias, the princess of Epirus. </li></ul><ul><li>While Philip was further growing the empire, he hired the great Greek philosopher Aristotle to be Alexander’s teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander had a very large interest in science, medicine, and philosophy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Alexander’s Rise and Conquests <ul><li>While Philip had been invading Thrace there had been a tribe of Maedi that was threatening to Macedonia. </li></ul><ul><li>In response to this, Alexander quickly gathered an army of his own and defeated the rebelling tribe, renaming their residence Alexandropolis. </li></ul><ul><li>All of this had been done while Alexander was only sixteen and in only two short years, he was given a commanding position for the army when they invaded Greece. </li></ul><ul><li>A mysterious assassination of Philip had happened and because of that, Alexander had become King </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander was very quick in getting rid of anyone that was a minor threat, as well as rebellious areas outside of Macedonia </li></ul><ul><li>He was incredibly swift in arriving to many of these enemy cities, completely destroying them which inhibited fear into other cities. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Final Conquests and Death of Alexander <ul><li>Alexander had arrived in Egypt in 331 BC where the Persian rule was quickly disassembled. </li></ul><ul><li>After Egypt, he headed back towards Babylon and came across the Persian army. </li></ul><ul><li>Later in 327 BC, the army headed towards India. </li></ul><ul><li>The army in India had elephants involved which was an amazing and demoralizing sight to some of the members of Alexander’s army for they hadn’t ever seen an elephant before. </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless, they continued to fight on and eventually reigned victorious. </li></ul><ul><li>He later died in 323 BC due to a fever which had seemed to be caused by a drink from a cup. </li></ul><ul><li>He had never designated a successor to the Macedonian Empire and because of this his hopes of a collaboration between Persians and Macedonians also perished. </li></ul>

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