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  • 1. How the Americas Change: The Long 19 th Century By: Josh Kessner History 141 Professor Arguello
  • 2. The Americas in the 19 th Century
    • Early immigrants would come to San Francisco, California in search for gold.
    • California was looked at as a land of opportunity where many people came to begin their new jobs as gold miners
    • Cultural diversity was spreading wide throughout California allowing for a more popular view of freedom
    • Many of the Chinese migrants that would come to California would either work on the railroad, agriculture, mine gold, or go into the restaurant business, but they were always making a great impact to the development of the western hemisphere
  • 3. The Americas in the 19 th Century
    • During the early 19 th century, the majority of the lands on the western hemisphere had won their independence
    • The United States built an incredibly powerful state and pushed their regions further, taking control over the majority of North America.
    • With such diversity inside of the United States they were much more capable of creating societies based on freedom and equality.
    • News of these great lands was consistently spread throughout the world and massive amounts of migration took place, allowing for explosive economic growth
    • The Americas were mostly controlled by the British Canadian leadership, the United States, and many smaller states within Latin America
  • 4. The Little Ice Age
    • The Little Ice Age was a period of Cooling global temperatures that yielded an outcome of devastating and gratifying events.
    • The end of the Vikings was due to the Little Ice Age
    • Migration to the Americas was an outcome
    • Growing seasons were shortened and people resorted to different food sources
    • Harbors froze over so transfer of goods was affected
  • 5. Frontiers of the Americas
    • On April 30 th , 1803 the United States made a transaction with France known as the Louisiana Purchase
    • The price was 15 million for a piece of territory that takes up 40% of the United States
    • A factor that may have influenced France to sell their land was the Haitian Revolution because of the need of money to continue fighting
  • 6. Frontiers of the Americas
    • The two frontiers created were the Northern and the Southern Frontiers
    • The Mississippi River was a major source for transportation of goods
    • Extreme violence throughout both frontiers
    • Political changes were rampant and violent acts such as dueling determined one’s social status
    • Violence was a normal part of everyday life
  • 7. Crossroads of Freedom
    • The United States Civil War: The Battle at Antietam
    • The President at the time was Abraham Lincoln
    • September 17 th 1862, during the Battle at Antietam this day was known as the bloodiest day in American History
    • Antietam was the first attempt at taking the war into the North
  • 8. Crossroads of Freedom
    • An interesting reason that sparked the war was the election of President Lincoln
    • The civil war was fought for many issues involving slavery, taxes, free soil, and of course power
    • The victory at Antietam ultimately led to the abolishment of slavery
  • 9. Crossroads of Freedom
    • Some strategies in helping the North win over the south were brought up by Frederick Douglass who was a leader of the abolitionist movement
    • He believed in the equality of all people and proposed that the war be a war for freedom which would bring a large portion of the southern labor force to their side
    • The Battle of Antietam was a crucial turning point in our history and could have easily had an entirely separate outcome.
  • 10. Crossroads of Freedom
    • The Civil War had many spontaneous events that could have gone to any side at almost any point in time.
    • Luckily, the most positive outcome was achieved and their was an end to slavery.
    • The federal government increased it’s power over the state’s and a stronger overlooking construct was beginning.
    • Victory for the North stopped hopes of interference of other powers outside of the U.S.
    • Our country would definitely not be the same today without this turn out of events