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PATENTS ACT,1970  Module:5-Part 1         Presented By:         Deepak S Gaywala       Faculty Member, JKPIM     DGJKPIMMB...
Topics:1.Introduction.2.Patentable Inventions.3.Application for Patents.4.Procedure, Renewal of lapsed Patent.5. Surrender...
1.Introduction:          What is PATENT?????   A ‘Patent’ is a grant from the government    which confers on the ‘grantee...
Kinds of PATENTS?? Utility Patent: Utility patents, the most common type, are  granted to new machines, chemicals, and  p...
Cont(d)   Plant Patent:    Plant patents are granted for the invention    of new and distinct plant varieties,    includi...
2.An Invention to be Patentable,    must satisfy the following three              conditions:-    It is novel ie. it is d...
3.Procedure for grant of PATENT1.    Filing an application for a patent .2.    Examination of application.3.    Acceptance...
1.Filing of Application [sec 7]   Every application for a    patent shall be for one    invention only and shall    be ma...
2. Examination and Acceptance   of Applications sec[12 to 24]Examiner make a report to Controller on the  following matter...
3.Advertisement of acceptance      of complete specification:    The controller shall give notice thereof     to the appl...
4.Opposition to Grant of Patent               sec[25]   Applicant or the person under or through whom    he claims, wrong...
5.Grant and Sealing of Patents               sec[43]   The application has not    been opposed under    sec 25 and the ti...
Grant of Patent of Addition1.What is patent of addition?A patent of addition is a patent for   improvement in or modificat...
2.When a patent of addition is granted?Where an applicant has applied for a patent  for invention or is patentee in respec...
3. What should be the date filing application  for the addition to main patent?No patent of addition shall be granted  unl...
4. What should be the period of patent of addition:A patent of addition shall be granted for a term   equal to that of pat...
5. Renewal fee for patent of addition:No renewal fees shall be payable in respect  of patent of addition. However, if any ...
6. Validity of patents of addition: Cannot be  refused for any ground such as invention  claimed in complete specification...
4. Procedure for renewal/restoration of           lapsed Patents4.1: Where a patent has ceased to have effect by  reason o...
4.2: An application for restoration shall  contain a statement, verified fully setting  out the circumstances which led to...
4.3: If the Controller is satisfied that a prima  facie case for the restoration of patent has  not been made out, he shal...
4.4: If after hearing the applicant, the Controller is  prima facie satisfied that the failure to pay  renewal fee was uni...
1.that the failure to pay the renewal fee was     not unintentional, or2. that there has been undue delay in the     makin...
If no notice of opposition is given, or if in the case   of opposition, the decision is in the favour of the   applicant, ...
The Controller may require that an entry shall be  made in the register of any document. The  Controller shall publish his...
5.Surrender and Revocation of              Patents5.1: Surrender of Patents:1. At any time by giving notice in the  prescr...
2. Any person interested may, within three months from the   date of such application give notice of opposition to the   s...
5.2: Revocation of Patents:On petition, of any person interested, or of  the Central Government by the appellate  board or...
1. Invention earlier claimed.2. Patentee not entitled to apply.3. Patent wrongfully obtained.4. Subject claim not an inven...
8. Invention not sufficiently and fairly  described.9. Claim not sufficiently and clearly defined.10. False suggestion.11....
14. Contravened secrecy.15. Amendment obtained by fraud.16. Wrong mentions.17. Invention was anticipated.18. Mischievous t...
6.Remedies for Infringement of              Patents   Reliefs in suit for infringement.   Right of licensee under sec84 ...
Cont(d)   Power of Courts to grant relief in    cases of groundless threats of    infringement proceedings:Where a person...
7. Miscellaneous:Penalties sec[118-124]   Falsification of entries in    register etc.-    imprisonment upto 2    years o...
PATENTS ACT,1970  Module:5-Part 1     DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT   35
 Assignment:Figures in the bracket indicate the marks.Q.1. What are patentable Inventions and  Non-patentable inventions?...
Q.3. What is meant by patent? When is   patent said to have been infringed? What   are the remedies available in case of  ...
DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT   38
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  1. 1. PATENTS ACT,1970 Module:5-Part 1 Presented By: Deepak S Gaywala Faculty Member, JKPIM DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 1
  2. 2. Topics:1.Introduction.2.Patentable Inventions.3.Application for Patents.4.Procedure, Renewal of lapsed Patent.5. Surrender and Revocation of Patent.6. Infringement of Patents and Remedies. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 2
  3. 3. 1.Introduction: What is PATENT????? A ‘Patent’ is a grant from the government which confers on the ‘grantee’ for a limited time period , the exclusive right of making, selling and using the invention in respect of which patent has been granted and also of authorizing others to do so. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 3
  4. 4. Kinds of PATENTS?? Utility Patent: Utility patents, the most common type, are granted to new machines, chemicals, and processes. Design Patent: Design patents are granted to protect the unique appearance or design of manufactured objects, such as the surface ornamentation or overall design of the object. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 4
  5. 5. Cont(d) Plant Patent: Plant patents are granted for the invention of new and distinct plant varieties, including hybrids. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 5
  6. 6. 2.An Invention to be Patentable, must satisfy the following three conditions:- It is novel ie. it is different from other similar inventions in one or more of its parts. It is useful to the society. It is non-obvious to a person possessed of average skill in the art. An invention is non obvious if someone who is skilled in the field of the invention would consider the invention an unexpected or surprising development. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 6
  7. 7. 3.Procedure for grant of PATENT1. Filing an application for a patent .2. Examination of application.3. Acceptance of the application and advertisement of such acceptance in the Official Gazette.4. Opposition to grant of patent.5. Grant and sealing of patents. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 7
  8. 8. 1.Filing of Application [sec 7] Every application for a patent shall be for one invention only and shall be made in the prescribed form and filed in the patent office. Applicant should be the true and first inventor. Every such application shall be accompanied by a provisional or a complete specification. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 8
  9. 9. 2. Examination and Acceptance of Applications sec[12 to 24]Examiner make a report to Controller on the following matters: whether the application and the specification relating thereto are in accordance with the requirements of this Act. Whether there is any lawful ground of objection to the grant of the Patent . Any other matter which may be prescribed. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 9
  10. 10. 3.Advertisement of acceptance of complete specification: The controller shall give notice thereof to the applicant and shall advertise in the Official Gazette the fact that the specification has been accepted , and thereupon the application and the specification with the drawings filed in pursuance thereof shall be open to public inspection. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 10
  11. 11. 4.Opposition to Grant of Patent sec[25] Applicant or the person under or through whom he claims, wrongfully obtained the invention . Invention was publicly known or publicly used in India before the priority date of the claim. Where the claim made by an inventor is no more than an individual design, not an invention. If the language used by the patentee is obscure and ambiguous, no patent can be granted. That the complete specification does not sufficiently and clearly describe the invention . DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 11
  12. 12. 5.Grant and Sealing of Patents sec[43] The application has not been opposed under sec 25 and the time for the filing of the opposition has expired. The application has been opposed and the opposition has been finally decided in favour of the applicant; or The application has not been refused by the Controller by the virtue of any power vested in him by this Act. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 12
  13. 13. Grant of Patent of Addition1.What is patent of addition?A patent of addition is a patent for improvement in or modification of the main invention described or disclosed in the complete satisfaction.A patent of addition can be only in relation to a main invention. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 13
  14. 14. 2.When a patent of addition is granted?Where an applicant has applied for a patent for invention or is patentee in respect thereof, and he makes an application for a patent in respect of any improvement in or modification of the main invention, the controller may grant the patent for the improvement or modification of main invention as a patent of addition. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 14
  15. 15. 3. What should be the date filing application for the addition to main patent?No patent of addition shall be granted unless the date of filing of the application was the same as or later than date of filing of the application in respect of the main invention. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 15
  16. 16. 4. What should be the period of patent of addition:A patent of addition shall be granted for a term equal to that of patent for the main invention, or so much thereof as has not expired.If the patent for main invention is revoked, the Court or the Controller, as the case may be, on request made to him by the patentee, may order that patent of addition shall become an independent patent for the remainder of the term for the patent for the main invention. Thereupon, the patent of addition shall continue in force as an independent patent. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 16
  17. 17. 5. Renewal fee for patent of addition:No renewal fees shall be payable in respect of patent of addition. However, if any such patent becomes an independent patent, the same fees shall thereafter be payable, upon the same dates, as if the patent had been originally granted as an independent patent. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 17
  18. 18. 6. Validity of patents of addition: Cannot be refused for any ground such as invention claimed in complete specification does not involve any inventive step or that the invention ought to have been the subject of an independent patent. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 18
  19. 19. 4. Procedure for renewal/restoration of lapsed Patents4.1: Where a patent has ceased to have effect by reason of failure to pay any renewal fee at the expiration of second year from the date of patent or of any succeeding year, or within such period as may be allowed, the patentee or his legal representative, with the leave of the controller may, within 18 months from the date on which the patent ceased to have effect, make an application in the prescribed form for the restoration of the patent. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 19
  20. 20. 4.2: An application for restoration shall contain a statement, verified fully setting out the circumstances which led to failure to pay the prescribed fee. The Controller may require from the applicant such further evidence as he may think necessary. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 20
  21. 21. 4.3: If the Controller is satisfied that a prima facie case for the restoration of patent has not been made out, he shall intimate the applicant accordingly and unless within one month from the date of such intimation, the applicant requests to be heard in the matter, the Controller shall refuse the application. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 21
  22. 22. 4.4: If after hearing the applicant, the Controller is prima facie satisfied that the failure to pay renewal fee was unintentional and that there has been no delay in making of the application, the Controller shall publish the application. Within two months from the date of advertisement, any person interested may give notice to the Controller of opposition thereto in the prescribed form on either or both of the following grounds: DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 22
  23. 23. 1.that the failure to pay the renewal fee was not unintentional, or2. that there has been undue delay in the making of the application.If the notice of opposition is given, the Controller shall notify the applicant and shall give to him and the opponent an opportunity to be heard before he decides the case. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 23
  24. 24. If no notice of opposition is given, or if in the case of opposition, the decision is in the favour of the applicant, then upon payment by the applicant of any unpaid renewal fee and such additional fee as specified in the First Schedule within one month from the date of order of the Controller allowing application for restoration, the Controller shall restore the patent and any patent of addition specified in the application which has ceased to have effect. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 24
  25. 25. The Controller may require that an entry shall be made in the register of any document. The Controller shall publish his decision.4.5: Rights of patentees on restoration of leased patents:Subject to protection or compensation of persons availing patented invention under contract from the date patent ceased to have effect and the date of the advertisement of the application for the restoration of the patent. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 25
  26. 26. 5.Surrender and Revocation of Patents5.1: Surrender of Patents:1. At any time by giving notice in the prescribed form to the Controller, the patentee may offer to surrender his patent. Where such an offer is made, the Controller shall publish the notice of an offer and shall notify every person having an interest in the patent. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 26
  27. 27. 2. Any person interested may, within three months from the date of such application give notice of opposition to the surrender in the prescribed form.3. Where any such notice is given, the Controller shall notify the patentee. If the controller is satisfied, after hearing the patentee and any opponent and if the Controller accepts the patentee’s offer to surrender the patent, he may direct the patentee to return the patent and on receipt of such patent, the Controller shall revoke it and publish the revocation of the patent. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 27
  28. 28. 5.2: Revocation of Patents:On petition, of any person interested, or of the Central Government by the appellate board or on counter claim in a suit for infringement of the patent by the High Court, the patent may be revoked on the following grounds: DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 28
  29. 29. 1. Invention earlier claimed.2. Patentee not entitled to apply.3. Patent wrongfully obtained.4. Subject claim not an invention.5. Claims not new.6. Invention is obvious and not an inventive step.7. Invention not useful. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 29
  30. 30. 8. Invention not sufficiently and fairly described.9. Claim not sufficiently and clearly defined.10. False suggestion.11. Claim not patentable.12. Invention secretly used before priority date of claim.13. Failure to disclose information. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 30
  31. 31. 14. Contravened secrecy.15. Amendment obtained by fraud.16. Wrong mentions.17. Invention was anticipated.18. Mischievous to State or prejudicial to public.19. Requirements of public not satisfied.20. Patent has expired.21. Patent relating to atomic energy. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 31
  32. 32. 6.Remedies for Infringement of Patents Reliefs in suit for infringement. Right of licensee under sec84 to take proceedings against infringements. Jurisdiction of Court :No suit for a declaration under sec 105 for infringement of a patent shall be instituted in any court inferior to a district court . DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 32
  33. 33. Cont(d) Power of Courts to grant relief in cases of groundless threats of infringement proceedings:Where a person threatens any other person bycommunication oral or in writing withproceedings for infringement of a patent ,anyperson aggrieved thereby may bring a suitagainst him . DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 33
  34. 34. 7. Miscellaneous:Penalties sec[118-124] Falsification of entries in register etc.- imprisonment upto 2 years or fine or both. Unauthorized claim of Patent Rights-fine upto Rs.500. In case of offences by companies. Refusal or failure to supply information to Central Govt. or controller-imprisonment upto 6 month or fine or both. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 34
  35. 35. PATENTS ACT,1970 Module:5-Part 1 DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 35
  36. 36.  Assignment:Figures in the bracket indicate the marks.Q.1. What are patentable Inventions and Non-patentable inventions? (10)Q.2. What is meant by patent? Explain the procedure to be followed for grant of patent? (10) DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 36
  37. 37. Q.3. What is meant by patent? When is patent said to have been infringed? What are the remedies available in case of infringement of patent? (10)Q.4. Explain the following:1. Agreement of Patent (4)Q.5. Distinguish the following:Patent and Copyright (4) DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 37
  38. 38. DGJKPIMMBAIISEMIIIBELPPT 38
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