Origins of Rome


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Origins of Rome

  1. 1. The Origins of Rome The Geography and The Legend…
  2. 2. Warm-up Question If you were founding a new city, what natural features would influence your choice of a building site? How about as far away from Mr. Landis?
  3. 3. Objectives 1. Compare and contrast the geography of Greece and Rome 2. Recognize the importance that geography played in the founding of Rome
  4. 4. I. Main Idea * Geography played an important role in the rise of Roman civilization.
  5. 5. The Geography of Italy
  6. 6. The Geography of Italy
  7. 7. The Geography of Italy
  8. 8. The Geography of Italy
  9. 9. The Geography of Italy
  10. 10. The Geography of Italy
  11. 11. World Map
  12. 12. A little bit closer..
  13. 13. II. Geographic Comparison ITALY 1. Peninsula 2.Large Islands (Sicily, Corsica) 3.Mountainous, but passable. 4.Plains for farming 5. = capacity for a larger population. GREECE 1.Peninsula 2. Small islands 3. Very Mountainous 4. Rocky Soil 5. = smaller, isolated civilizations.
  14. 14. III. The Aeneid A. Who won the Trojan War? B. Aeneas and followers flee Troy after loss to the Mycenaeans. C. Land at the mouth of the Tiber River D. Aeneas becomes the “father” of Rome. E. Is this fact or fiction?
  15. 15. The Legend of Romulus and Remus The kingdom of Alba Longa was ruled by the wicked king, Amulius.
  16. 16. Legend of Romulus & Remus Amulius fought his brother, Numitor, and sent him into exile away from his family. Amulius forced Numitor's daughter, Rhea Silvia, to become a Vestal Virgin. Vestal Virgins were not allowed to marry and have children.
  17. 17. One day Mars, the god of war, saw Rhea Silvia and fell in love with her.
  18. 18. Some time later she gave birth to twin boys.
  19. 19. Amulius ordered his slave to throw the two twins into the River Tiber. But the slave left the twins in their cradle to give them a chance. They floated down the river.
  20. 20. . A she-wolf rescued the two babies and looked after them.
  21. 21. A shepherd called Faustulus saw the wolf with the baby boys. He took them home to his wife. They called the boys Romulus and Remus. When they grew up the boys became shepherds like Faustulus. One day they had a fight with another group of shepherds. Remus was arrested and sent to Numitor as a prisoner because it was his shepherds he had been fighting. When Numitor heard the story he realised that Remus was his grandson! He told Romulus and Remus what had happened to him and their mother.
  22. 22. Romulus and Remus attacked their Great Uncle Amulius and killed him.
  23. 23. Romulus and Remus went to live with their grandfather in Alba Longa, but they got bored and missed the countryside where they grew up. They decided to move back to the banks of the River Tiber where Faustulus had found them and build their own city. But the twins argued over where the city should be built. Romulus wanted to build it on the Palatine Hill and Remus wanted to build it on the Capitoline Hill. In the end they built two cities!
  24. 24. The arguing didn't stop. Remus teased his brother about the height of his city walls, saying they were too low. The brothers had a fight and Romulus killed Remus.
  25. 25. Romulus became King of the new city, which was called Rome in his honour.
  26. 26. IV. Romulus & Remus Recap A. Twin Brothers raised by a wolf. B. Romulus fights Remus C. Romulus becomes the first King of Rome 753 B.C.E. Fact or fiction??
  27. 27. V. Historians View A. People settle in Latium around 1,000 B.C.E. B. Between 800 and 700 B.C.E. people band together here for protection. C. This community becomes Rome.