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The Bill of Rights
  States Ratify the Constitution
Warm Up
Warm Up
• What is a “bill of rights”?
• What is an “amendment”?
• Who is the “Father of the Constitution”?
• What is due o...
Objectives
Objectives
• Identify the reason the Constitution was
  finally ratified
Objectives
• Identify the reason the Constitution was
  finally ratified
• Recognize the first ten amendments to the
  Consti...
Objectives
• Identify the reason the Constitution was
  finally ratified
• Recognize the first ten amendments to the
  Consti...
Main Idea
Main Idea
• Debates raged among the states
 over ratification of the
 Constitution, and was only
 achieved when a Bill of R...
I. Ratification Needed
I. Ratification Needed
A. To be approved, 9 out of 13 states had to ratify the
new Constitution
I. Ratification Needed
A. To be approved, 9 out of 13 states had to ratify the
new Constitution
B. Arguments raged for a ye...
I. Ratification Needed
A. To be approved, 9 out of 13 states had to ratify the
new Constitution
B. Arguments raged for a ye...
I. Ratification Needed
A. To be approved, 9 out of 13 states had to ratify the
new Constitution
B. Arguments raged for a ye...
II. Early Changes
II. Early Changes
A. Framers had established a way to
amend: or change the Constitution
II. Early Changes
A. Framers had established a way to
amend: or change the Constitution
B. In 1791 first 10 amendments were...
II. Early Changes
A. Framers had established a way to
amend: or change the Constitution
B. In 1791 first 10 amendments were...
II. Early Changes
A. Framers had established a way to
amend: or change the Constitution
B. In 1791 first 10 amendments were...
II. Early Changes
A. Framers had established a way to
amend: or change the Constitution
B. In 1791 first 10 amendments were...
Activity
New Jersey
    v.
  T.L.O.
Conclusion
Conclusion
The Court ruled by a margin of 6-3 in favor of New Jersey. The Court recognized
that students in public schools...
Conclusion
The Court ruled by a margin of 6-3 in favor of New Jersey. The Court recognized
that students in public schools...
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Bill of Rights

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Bill of Rights

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Transcript of "Bill of Rights"

  1. 1. The Bill of Rights States Ratify the Constitution
  2. 2. Warm Up
  3. 3. Warm Up • What is a “bill of rights”? • What is an “amendment”? • Who is the “Father of the Constitution”? • What is due on Friday?
  4. 4. Objectives
  5. 5. Objectives • Identify the reason the Constitution was finally ratified
  6. 6. Objectives • Identify the reason the Constitution was finally ratified • Recognize the first ten amendments to the Constitution (Bill of Rights)
  7. 7. Objectives • Identify the reason the Constitution was finally ratified • Recognize the first ten amendments to the Constitution (Bill of Rights) • Complete the “You are the Judge” activity
  8. 8. Main Idea
  9. 9. Main Idea • Debates raged among the states over ratification of the Constitution, and was only achieved when a Bill of Rights was promised.
  10. 10. I. Ratification Needed
  11. 11. I. Ratification Needed A. To be approved, 9 out of 13 states had to ratify the new Constitution
  12. 12. I. Ratification Needed A. To be approved, 9 out of 13 states had to ratify the new Constitution B. Arguments raged for a year between the Federalists and Antifederalists
  13. 13. I. Ratification Needed A. To be approved, 9 out of 13 states had to ratify the new Constitution B. Arguments raged for a year between the Federalists and Antifederalists C. July of 1788 9 of 13 states voted to ratify, and the Constitution went into affect
  14. 14. I. Ratification Needed A. To be approved, 9 out of 13 states had to ratify the new Constitution B. Arguments raged for a year between the Federalists and Antifederalists C. July of 1788 9 of 13 states voted to ratify, and the Constitution went into affect D. Only ratified because of a Bill or Rights
  15. 15. II. Early Changes
  16. 16. II. Early Changes A. Framers had established a way to amend: or change the Constitution
  17. 17. II. Early Changes A. Framers had established a way to amend: or change the Constitution B. In 1791 first 10 amendments were made: the Bill of Rights
  18. 18. II. Early Changes A. Framers had established a way to amend: or change the Constitution B. In 1791 first 10 amendments were made: the Bill of Rights - rights that belonged to all man kind
  19. 19. II. Early Changes A. Framers had established a way to amend: or change the Constitution B. In 1791 first 10 amendments were made: the Bill of Rights - rights that belonged to all man kind - prevents the government from taking them away
  20. 20. II. Early Changes A. Framers had established a way to amend: or change the Constitution B. In 1791 first 10 amendments were made: the Bill of Rights - rights that belonged to all man kind - prevents the government from taking them away - written by James Madison
  21. 21. Activity New Jersey v. T.L.O.
  22. 22. Conclusion
  23. 23. Conclusion The Court ruled by a margin of 6-3 in favor of New Jersey. The Court recognized that students in public schools have a constitutional right to privacy under the 4th Amendment and that school officials are bound by constitutional restrictions. But the opinion also stated that the rights of children and adolescents are not the same as those of adults and that school officials have a responsibility to maintain the discipline necessary for education. “The school setting,” requires some modification of the level of suspicion of illicit activity needed to justify a search.” The rights of students must be balanced against the needs of the school setting.
  24. 24. Conclusion The Court ruled by a margin of 6-3 in favor of New Jersey. The Court recognized that students in public schools have a constitutional right to privacy under the 4th Amendment and that school officials are bound by constitutional restrictions. But the opinion also stated that the rights of children and adolescents are not the same as those of adults and that school officials have a responsibility to maintain the discipline necessary for education. “The school setting,” requires some modification of the level of suspicion of illicit activity needed to justify a search.” The rights of students must be balanced against the needs of the school setting. In other words, in a school, a search could be reasonable under the 4th Amendment without probable cause, so long as it was supported by reasonable suspicion or reasonable cause. The assistant vice-principal's search was considered reasonable under this definition.
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