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De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC
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De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC

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De-bugging, de-gunking and tuning up your pc. How your pc is bogged down by spyware, virus infections, adware, and registry overload. Details on how you can rid your pc of these and prevent them …

De-bugging, de-gunking and tuning up your pc. How your pc is bogged down by spyware, virus infections, adware, and registry overload. Details on how you can rid your pc of these and prevent them from coming back. There are many hyperlinks in the slides to a variety of information sources on the web to help with this.

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  • Topics discussed include elimininating unnecessary files and programs, optimizing your hard drive, cleaning the Registry, installing the latest Windows updates and bug fixes, improving security, and preventing spam gunk.
  • Transcript

    • 1. De-Bugging and Tuning Up Your PC Let’s Get the Gunk Out The slides for this presentation are available on the web. For directions to get to them see “Sharing Your Presentation” at http:// WhiteHouseComputing.Blogspot.Com
    • 2. Why Has It Slowed Down?
    • 3. Why Has It Slowed Down? <ul><li>Need to know a little about how it works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do you work a little slower as you get older? Is some of that because you can’t remember where you put stuff? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computers have the same problem. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 4. Why Has It Slowed Down? <ul><li>Need to know a little about how it works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two kinds of computer memory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RAM (Random Access Memory) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No moving parts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All electronic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Operates at the speed of light </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disk </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hard disk drive </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electro/mechanical device </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands of times slower </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    • 5. Why Has It Slowed Down? When there is not enough of this This gets used instead Memory
    • 6. Why Has It Slowed Down? Memory - RAM “ But I didn’t take any RAM memory OUT! It didn’t used to be slow! Why is it slow now?” Stuff YOU put in memory when you: <ul><li>Added a printer </li></ul><ul><li>Added virus checking </li></ul><ul><li>Added a firewall </li></ul><ul><li>Added anything that needs to be running at all times </li></ul><ul><li>LOOK WHAT IS RUNNING HERE! </li></ul>
    • 7. Why Has It Slowed Down? Memory - RAM “ But I didn’t take any RAM memory OUT! It didn’t used to be slow! Why is it slow now?” Stuff you didn’t know was added: <ul><li>Spyware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ a broad category of malicious software designed to intercept or take partial control of a computer's operation without the informed consent of that machine's owner or legitimate user.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul></ul>
    • 8. Why Has It Slowed Down? Memory - RAM “ But I didn’t take any RAM memory OUT! It didn’t used to be slow! Why is it slow now?” Stuff you didn’t know was added: <ul><li>Spyware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>when you downloaded that cute shoping helper </li></ul></ul>
    • 9. Why Has It Slowed Down? Memory - RAM “ But I didn’t take any RAM memory OUT! It didn’t used to be slow! Why is it slow now?” Stuff you didn’t know was added: <ul><li>Spyware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>when you downloaded that music “sharing” program </li></ul></ul>
    • 10. Why Has It Slowed Down? Memory - RAM “ But I didn’t take any RAM memory OUT! It didn’t used to be slow! Why is it slow now?” Stuff you didn’t know was added: <ul><li>Spyware – Where can I find out more? </li></ul>WWW.Wikipedia.Com How can I get rid of it and protect against it? September 2006 edition of Consumer Reports Free AntiSpyware Tradenamed Ad-Aware From Lavasoft at WWW.Lavasoft.Com
    • 11. Why Has It Slowed Down? RAM – How Much is Enough? <ul><li>For Windows XP Microsoft recommends at least 128MB </li></ul><ul><li>I recommend at least 512 MB </li></ul><ul><li>For Windows Vista Microsoft recommends: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum of 512 MB for Vista “Capable” machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum of 1GB for Vista “Premium Ready” machines </li></ul></ul>
    • 12. Why Has It Slowed Down? Memory – Hard Drive <ul><li>This kind of memory is usually called “storage” </li></ul><ul><li>Your primary (usually your only) hard drive is your “C:” drive </li></ul><ul><li>Too little available space on your C: drive will slow your computer </li></ul><ul><li>On an XP system you should always have at least 2GB available </li></ul><ul><li>See next slide for how to tell </li></ul>
    • 13. Why Has It Slowed Down? Memory – Hard Drive How Do I Tell How Much Available Space I Have on The C: Drive? <ul><li>Left Click “Start” </li></ul><ul><li>Left Click “My Computer” </li></ul><ul><li>Right click “Local disk (C:)” </li></ul><ul><li>Left click “Properties” </li></ul>
    • 14. Why Has It Slowed Down? Memory – Hard Drive How Do I Free Up Space on My Hard Drive? <ul><li>Left click “Start” </li></ul><ul><li>All Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Accessories </li></ul><ul><li>System Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Left click on Disk Cleanup </li></ul><ul><li>Check and Delete any or all as you think appropriate </li></ul>
    • 15. Why Has It Slowed Down? Memory – Hard Drive Fragmented Files on Your Hard Drive <ul><li>What are they? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Files stored in pieces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do I “fix” them” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DeFragment the disk </li></ul></ul>
    • 16. Why Has It Slowed Down? Memory – Hard Drive Fragmented Files on Your Hard Drive
    • 17. Fixing Fragmented Files on Your Hard Drive Memory – Hard Drive Fixing Fragmented Files on Your Hard Drive <ul><li>Click on “Start” </li></ul><ul><li>Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Accessories </li></ul><ul><li>System Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Disk DeFragmenter </li></ul>Helpful Links: http:// helpdesk.its.uiowa.edu/windows/instructions/defrag.htm http:// support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid =kb;en-us;314848
    • 18. Improving Security <ul><li>Four Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Run Windows Update – plug the holes that let the gunk in </li></ul>Microsoft Critical Security Bulletins for February 2007 Lets click above and take a look at the six “critical” fixes “ An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take complete control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.” Or in other words… THE HACKER OWNS YOU
    • 19. Improving Security <ul><li>Windows Update </li></ul><ul><li>Why are there holes in Windows? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is a “ buffer overflow ” and why should I care? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Black Hats and White Hats and the Blue Hat Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Zombies – Is YOUR machine attacking someone? </li></ul><ul><li>When and How Often Should Windows Update run? </li></ul>
    • 20. Improving Security <ul><li>Demo Windows Update </li></ul><ul><li>Start </li></ul><ul><li>All Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Update </li></ul><ul><li>Set up to run automatically </li></ul><ul><li>Link to Microsoft FAQ on Windows Update </li></ul>
    • 21. Improving Security <ul><li>Four Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Run Windows Update – plug the holes that let the gunk in </li></ul>For Virus and Spyware gunk that gets in anyway… 2. Install and run Anti Virus software – keep subscription current
    • 22. Improving Security <ul><li>The Subscription Process </li></ul>AntiVirus includes two critical components: 1. Software - purchased 2. Virus Descriptions – subscribed to What happens to protection when the subscription runs out? Answer: a virus created after that date will be much harder – maybe impossible – for your antivirus software to detect.
    • 23. Improving Security <ul><li>Four Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Run Windows Update – plug the holes that let the gunk in </li></ul>For Virus and Spyware gunk that gets in anyway… 2. Install and run Anti Virus software – keep subscription current 3. Install and run AntiSpyware software–keep subscription current
    • 24. Improving Security <ul><li>Four Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Run Windows Update – plug the holes that let the gunk in </li></ul>For Virus and Spyware gunk that gets in anyway… 2. Install and run Anti Virus software – keep subscription current 3. Install and run AntiSpyware software–keep subscription current 4. Run a Firewall <ul><li>Start </li></ul><ul><li>Control Panel </li></ul><ul><li>Security Center </li></ul>4. Windows Firewall 5. On Note – assumes you are not running a different firewall already
    • 25. Improving Security <ul><li>Registry Cleanup – Creating a System Restore Point </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Windows Registry ? </li></ul><ul><li>How do I clean it up? </li></ul><ul><li> http://www.informationweek.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=171203805 </li></ul><ul><li>BEFORE any attempt to work on the Windows Registry </li></ul>** CREATE A SYSTEM RESTORE POINT **
    • 26. Improving Security <ul><li>Registry Cleanup </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a System Restore Point </li></ul><ul><li>Click Start </li></ul><ul><li>All Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Accessories </li></ul><ul><li>System Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Click System Restore </li></ul><ul><li>Click Create a Restore Point then Next </li></ul><ul><li>Type description of this restore point </li></ul><ul><li>Click create </li></ul>Restoring TO a Previous Point <ul><li>Do steps 1 to 5 </li></ul>2. Click Restore my Computer.. 3. Click Next, Follow Directions
    • 27. De-Gunk a New Computer <ul><li>“ The PC De-Crapifier” </li></ul><ul><li>Jason York </li></ul><ul><li>See the article </li></ul><ul><li>“ Consumer Watch: New-PC Gunk: Extras You Don't Want:” </li></ul><ul><li>in the September 2006 “PC World” </li></ul><ul><li>Or http://www.pcworld.com/article/id,126466/article.html </li></ul>
    • 28. Fini <ul><li>Jim’s Blog </li></ul><ul><li>http:// WhiteHouseComputing.Blogspot.Com </li></ul>

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