Election Of1912

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Election Of1912

  1. 1. 1912: The Election that Changed the Century Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. The Candidates
  3. 3. The Republican Party & President William H. Taft
  4. 4. Keep the Whistle Blowing Taft was determined to defeat TR and preserve the conservative heart of the Republican Party.
  5. 5. Come, Mr. President. You Can’t Have the Stage ALL of the Time!
  6. 6. Republican Party Platform <ul><li>High import tariffs. </li></ul><ul><li>Put limitations on female and child labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Workman’s Compensation Laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Against initiative, referendum, and recall. </li></ul><ul><li>Against “bad” trusts. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a Federal Trade Commission. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay on the gold standard. </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation of natural resources because they are finite. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The GOP After the Circus TR  The Republican Party must stand for the rights of humanity, or else it must stand for special privilege.
  8. 8. The Progressive Party & Former President Theodore Roosevelt People should rise above their sectarian interests to promote the general good.
  9. 9. Theodore Roosevelt at Osawatomie, KS: New Nationalism Big business requires big government.
  10. 10. The Anti- Third-Term Principle
  11. 11. The “Bull Moose” Party: The Latest Arrival at the Political Zoo We stand at Armageddon, and we battle for the Lord! ONWARD, CHRISTIAN SOLDIERS!
  12. 12. Progressive Party Platform <ul><li>Women’s suffrage. </li></ul><ul><li>Graduated income tax. </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritance tax for the rich. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower tariffs. </li></ul><ul><li>Limits on campaign spending. </li></ul><ul><li>Currency reform. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum wage laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Social insurance. </li></ul><ul><li>Abolition of child labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Workmen’s compensation. </li></ul>N e w N a t i o n a l i s m
  13. 13. The Socialist Party & Eugene V. Debs The issue is Socialism versus Capitalism. I am for Socialism because I am for humanity.
  14. 14. “ The Working Class Candidates” Eugene V. Debs Emil Seigel for President for Vice-President
  15. 15. Growth of the Socialist Vote 901,873 1912 641,789 34,115 607,674 1910 438,509 14,021 424,488 1908 351,308 20,265 331,043 1906 441,776 33,546 408,230 1904 277,257 53,763 223,494 1902 130,336 33,405 96,931 1900 82,204 82,204   1898 36,274 36,275   1896 30,020 30,020   1894 21,512 21,512   1892 13,704 13,704   1890 2,068 2,068   1888 Total Socialist Labor Party Socialist Party Year
  16. 16. The Industrial Worker : I. W. W. The first American labor group to open its membership to all wage-earning workers, regardless of skill, nationality, race, sex, or gender.
  17. 17. Socialist Party Platform <ul><li>Government ownership of railroads and utilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Guaranteed income tax. </li></ul><ul><li>No tariffs. </li></ul><ul><li>8-hour work day. </li></ul><ul><li>Better housing. </li></ul><ul><li>Government inspection of factories. </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s suffrage. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Democratic Party & Governor Woodrow Wilson (NJ) Could he rescue the Democratic Party from “Bryanism”??
  19. 19. The Reform Governor of NJ: It Takes Time to Remove the Grime
  20. 20. Which Way to Jump?
  21. 21. Democratic Party Platform <ul><li>Government control of the monopolies  trusts in general were bad  eliminate them!! </li></ul><ul><li>Tariff reduction. </li></ul><ul><li>One-term President. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct election of Senators. </li></ul><ul><li>Create a Department of Labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Did NOT support women’s suffrage. </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed to a central bank. </li></ul>Ne w F r e e d o m
  22. 22. The “Seas” [of Opportunity] Open Up for the Democrats
  23. 23. The Key Issues
  24. 24. Up Against the Hurdles
  25. 25. As Big As a Balloon Tariff Reform
  26. 26. Conservation Issue: The Ballinger- Pinchot Controversy
  27. 27. The Unanswerable Argument for Suffrage
  28. 28. Never Again! Taft Abandons Support for Women’s Suffrage
  29. 29. TR & Women’s Suffrage: The Militant Recruit
  30. 30. Woman Suffrage Before 1920
  31. 31. Songs of the Sunny South
  32. 32. Lynching & the Race Issue
  33. 33. Trying to Catch the Colored Vote
  34. 34. Mr. Lewis Gets His Share
  35. 35. The Results
  36. 36. An Actual 1912 Ballot
  37. 37. Election Results <ul><li>By 1912, 100,000 fewer people had voted for Wilson than had voted for Bryan in 1908. </li></ul><ul><li>The 1912 election marked the apogee of the Socialist movement in America. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Oh, That This Too, Too Solid South Would Melt!
  39. 39. GOP Divided by Bull Moose Equals Democratic Victory!
  40. 40. On Uncle Sam’s Farm The Democratic party took control of the Senate for the first time in 20 years.
  41. 41. The GOP: An Extinct Animal?
  42. 42. How did the election of 1912 change politics in America for the rest of the 20c?
  43. 43. For Further Reading
  44. 44. BIBLIOGRAPHY <ul><li>“ 1912—Competing Visions for America.” Ohio State University. http://history.osu.edu/projects/1912/ </li></ul><ul><li>HarpWeek/Elections. “Election of 1912.” http://www.elections.harpweek.com/ </li></ul>

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