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Closing The West Part 1
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Closing The West Part 1

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Transcript

  • 1. Essential Questions
    • What national issues emerged in the process of closing the western frontier?
    • Why does the West hold such an important place in the American imagination?
    • In what ways is the West romanticized in American culture?
  • 2. Key Tensions Native Americans Buffalo Hunters Railroads U. S. Government Cattlemen Sheep Herders Ranchers Farmers
  • 3. Key Tensions Ethnic Minorities Nativists Environmentalists Big Business Interests [mining, timber] Local Govt. Officials Farmers Buffalo Hunters Lawlessness of the Frontier “ Civilizing” Forces [The “Romance” of the West]
  • 4. the Railroad builders
  • 5. Railroad Construction
  • 6. “ The Big Four” Railroad Magnates Charles Crocker Mark Hopkins Leland Stanford Collis Huntington
  • 7. Promontory Point, UT (May 10, 1869)
  • 8. the cowboys
  • 9. The Bronc Buster Frederick Remington
  • 10. Black Cowboys
  • 11. the GUNSLINGERS
  • 12. Colt .45 Revolver God didn’t make men equal. Colonel Colt did!
  • 13. Legendary Gunslingers & Train Robbers Jesse James Billy the Kid
  • 14. Dodge City Peace Commission, 1890
  • 15. the MINERS
  • 16. Prospecting
  • 17. Mining Centers: 1900
  • 18. Anaconda Copper Mining Co. (MT)
  • 19. Mining (“Boom”) Towns-- Now Ghost Towns Calico, CA
  • 20. The Cattlemen & the Sheep herders
  • 21. The Cattle Trails
  • 22. Land Use: 1880s
  • 23. New Agricultural Technology “ Prairie Fan” Water Pump Steel Plow [“Sod Buster”]
  • 24. Barbed Wire Joseph Glidden
  • 25. The Range Wars Sheep Herders Cattle Ranchers
  • 26. Minority groups in the West
  • 27. Regional Population Distribution by Race: 1900
  • 28. Regional Population Distribution by Race: 1900
  • 29. Black “Exoduster” Homesteaders
  • 30. Blacks Moving West
  • 31. The Buffalo Soldiers on the Great Plains
  • 32. A Romantic View
  • 33. The Buffalo Soldiers & the Indian Wars
  • 34. The “Chinese Question”
    • Exclusion Act (1882) - Oriental Exclusion Act - Chinese Exclusion Act
  • 35. The Tong Wars: 1850s-1920s Began in San Francisco in 1875.
  • 36. African American & Chinese Populations: 1880-1900
  • 37.