Developing a textbase: making connections within the text : Readers work with the information and ideas presented by the text. They develop a network of ideas that links the mean drawn from phrases, clauses, and sentences into larger ideas. Building a mental model: making meaning from the text: Readers build a world or create an image in their minds of the situation described by the text, using related knowledge and experiences and purposes they already have. They build a mental model, which is a representative of the ideas in the text base that is enriched by the reader’s knowledge . Hampton & Resnick
Comprehension is the result of the interaction between the textbase and the mental model Developing a textbase: making connections within the text: Vocabulary knowledge, Syntactic knowledge, Knowledge of the text structures Building a mental model: making meaning from the text: Word knowledge, topic knowledge, discipline knowledge
An understanding of the text, integrated with the reader’s knowledge, available to use again and again… In short, comprehension is…
Accountable to the Community: listen, consider, build Accountable to knowledge: grounded, evidence, reference Accountable to rigorous thinking: acceptable standards of reasoning, Collaborating with Others: Ground Rules for Accountable Classroom Talk
What’s happening now? What is the author trying to tell you? Why is the author telling you that? Does the author say it clearly? How does this connect with what the author told us earlier? How does this fit with what we know (about an even, topic or character) in the text? How could the author have said things more clearly? What would you say instead? What positions, interests or values are presented in the text? How does the text do its work through specific language and text features? Some questions to help initiate accountable talk…
I wonder why the author says _____________ Right now, I think ______________ is happening The words _____________ remind me of_____________________________ How do I feel? I feel______________ because I think_____________ because K/1 : smiley faces, sad faces, puzzled faces I think _____________ is going to happen because ________________ Provide Sentence stems for Accountable talk
Tier 1 Common words: learned in everyday talk with friends and family about everyday things, words which are typically learned informally Tier 2 Literate words: typify written language and academic talk.; more sophisticated, abstract and useful for expression complicated ideas Tier 3 Specialized words, encompass terms in a specific subject, low-frequency, technical, topical words What words should students know?
Sticky Notes Notebook Entries Two Column notes: Quote and My Thinking Venns (or Double-Bubble Maps) Webs: putting it all out on the table Story Maps: understand how story elements work together to create meaning D. Diller Options for Responses: