Taariikhda iyo DhaqankaSoomaalida  ¡               Presented by: Marian Hassan                    February 22, 2013 1
Aqoon La aan waa Iftiin La aan          Ignorance is darkness2/27/13                                    2
2/27/13   3
2/27/13   4
Objectives:          §    Provide Historical Overview of the                Somali Culture          §    Share Insights ...
Somalial  Pop: Approx. 10 millionl  Located in Horn of Africal  Government: Newly    formed Central    governmentl  Re...
Historical Overview:          ¡    The Development of the Somali people dates back                to the 6th Century     ...
Colonial History 1869-19602/27/13                                8
1960 Somalia Gained          Independency-2/27/13                         9
Somalia before the war..2/27/13                              10
2/27/13   11
2/27/13   12
2/27/13   13
At the moment…1.4 Million IDPs in Somalia
570,000 Somalis live as refugees in   neighboring countries2/27/13                                  15
Waiting in-line for food ration2/27/13                                     16
Hager deer refugee camp          Newly Arrived Somali Refugees waiting inline for          settlement office to open for r...
2/27/13   18
2/27/13   19
2/27/13   20
½ A million Somalis live the Diaspora
The Heart of the Somali Culture:          1.    Religion          2.    Family          3.    Oral Language2/27/13        ...
Religion2/27/13              23
Family Structure          ¡  Historian                     Charles Gesheter notes           when Somalis meet they don t ...
Oral Language          ¡  Somali  people speak one language.          ¡  Nation of poets----          ¡  Oral language ...
The Somali Experience in Minnesota          ¡    Displacement- forced leave, long                separations, post war tr...
Trauma and PTSD¡  Refugee  children often suffer from    severe post-trauma and stress    disorders, unlikely to learn we...
Different kind of education…          q    Religious school (Koran or Dugsi)          q    Formal schooling          q ...
Who is responsible for educating the          young?            q  Mothers    are caretakers and educators               ...
Culturally Responsive TeachingStrategies1. Involving the Parents2. Communicating High Expectations3. Involving and Valuing...
Questions?           Contact:           Marian Hassan           Educational Consultant           (651) 214-2603           ...
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Overview of somali history and culture 2.22.13

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Overview of somali history and culture 2.22.13

  1. 1. Taariikhda iyo DhaqankaSoomaalida ¡  Presented by: Marian Hassan February 22, 2013 1
  2. 2. Aqoon La aan waa Iftiin La aan Ignorance is darkness2/27/13 2
  3. 3. 2/27/13 3
  4. 4. 2/27/13 4
  5. 5. Objectives: §  Provide Historical Overview of the Somali Culture §  Share Insights about the Heart of the Somali Culture §  Understand the Somali Experience in Minnesota §  Offer culturally sensitive strategies to working with English language learners in your classrooms.2/27/13 5
  6. 6. Somalial  Pop: Approx. 10 millionl  Located in Horn of Africal  Government: Newly formed Central governmentl  Regional and local governing bodies exist and control various regions of the country. –  Republic of Somaliland –  State of Puntland
  7. 7. Historical Overview: ¡  The Development of the Somali people dates back to the 6th Century ¡  Intermix of indigenous Cushitic people and Arab/ Persians. ¡  Somali Culture is based on Pastoral Nomadism ¡  1880s-1960 Colonial Presence in Somalia ¡  1960 Somalia became independent Republic ¡  1969-1991 Military Government ¡  1991-Present—No Central Government2/27/13 7
  8. 8. Colonial History 1869-19602/27/13 8
  9. 9. 1960 Somalia Gained Independency-2/27/13 9
  10. 10. Somalia before the war..2/27/13 10
  11. 11. 2/27/13 11
  12. 12. 2/27/13 12
  13. 13. 2/27/13 13
  14. 14. At the moment…1.4 Million IDPs in Somalia
  15. 15. 570,000 Somalis live as refugees in neighboring countries2/27/13 15
  16. 16. Waiting in-line for food ration2/27/13 16
  17. 17. Hager deer refugee camp Newly Arrived Somali Refugees waiting inline for settlement office to open for registration2/27/13 17
  18. 18. 2/27/13 18
  19. 19. 2/27/13 19
  20. 20. 2/27/13 20
  21. 21. ½ A million Somalis live the Diaspora
  22. 22. The Heart of the Somali Culture: 1.  Religion 2.  Family 3.  Oral Language2/27/13 22
  23. 23. Religion2/27/13 23
  24. 24. Family Structure ¡  Historian Charles Gesheter notes when Somalis meet they don t ask where are you from? —but rather tol maad tahay (What is your Lineage?) . So genealogy is to Somalis what an address is to Americans!2/27/13 24
  25. 25. Oral Language ¡  Somali people speak one language. ¡  Nation of poets---- ¡  Oral language until 1972 when the Somali language was first written2/27/13 25
  26. 26. The Somali Experience in Minnesota ¡  Displacement- forced leave, long separations, post war trauma and culture shock ¡  Mental Illness ¡  Language Barrier ¡  Role Changes -parent/child, male/ female, etc. ¡  Race/Ethnicity issues ¡  Post 9/11 backlash and concern for personal safety2/27/13 26
  27. 27. Trauma and PTSD¡  Refugee children often suffer from severe post-trauma and stress disorders, unlikely to learn well in traditional school environment¡  Trauma Exposure¡  Post-settlement¡  Discrimination
  28. 28. Different kind of education… q  Religious school (Koran or Dugsi) q  Formal schooling q  Informal learning and role modeling (waano, wax sheeg, gabay, geeraar, iyo sheeko)2/27/13 28
  29. 29. Who is responsible for educating the young? q  Mothers are caretakers and educators of the children. q  Fathers are breadwinners and navigators of the outside realm, schools included. q  Extended family members such as aunts, uncles, grandparents, older siblings, neighbors, and clan members.2/27/13 29
  30. 30. Culturally Responsive TeachingStrategies1. Involving the Parents2. Communicating High Expectations3. Involving and Valuing the First Language and Culture4. Examining The Effects of Cultural Differences5. Are Student-centred and ConstructivistAdapted from: (Principles for Culturally Responsive Teaching, 2006)
  31. 31. Questions? Contact: Marian Hassan Educational Consultant (651) 214-2603 mhassan1@yahoo.com2/27/13 31
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