Childcare in united states


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This is our power point on USA vs Canada

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Childcare in united states

  1. 1. • Early childhood programs started in the 19th century• In the 1830’s, infant schools were introduced• In the 1850’s, there was a growth in nursery schools.• The federal government stopped funding for child care after the war• In 1946, the DNA was established
  2. 2. • O i gi nat ed f r omt he w f ar e and r ef or m m r el ovem s i n ent 19t h cent ur y.• I n t he 1840’s, daycar e nur ser i es began i n Bost on• The ear l y nur ser i es car ed f or chi l dr en f r ompoor i ncome f am l i es i• D aycar e w know as a soci al ser vi ce as n• D i ng t he gr eat depr essi on, daycar e w sponsor ed by ur as t he f eder al gover nm ent• I n 1943, pr i vat el y sponsor ed chi l dcar e cent er s opened i n Por t l and, O egon r
  3. 3. • More daycares are evolving• Daycares are providing more quality childcare• Corporations are starting to fund child care projects and provide child care subsidies and services• Several groups have helped improve childcare for families
  4. 4. • In the 20th century, there was an increase in the early childcare and education• Some early crèches and day nurseries continued to run• In the 1920’s, the Mother’s Allowance Act was introduced
  5. 5. • Aspect s of st r uct ur e• 1. G oup si ze and adul t - r • 2. St af f chi l d r at i o… Q i f i cat i ons… ual – Si m l ar t o C i anada, O ar i o nt • M have i n-dept h know edge of ust l young chi l dr en need a l ot of chi l d devel opm . H chi l dr en ent ow car e and at t ent i on l ear n – Tw adul t s f or gr oup of 18 o • M have a st at e ust chi l dr en ; a cer t i f i ed and cer t i f i cat i on val i d f or t eacher assi st ant /ai de ser vi ce i n ear l y chi l dhood – Pr e-Ki nder gar t en cl assed of 19 gr ades… or 20 st udent s need 1 cer t i f i ed • Exam e – N Yor k St at e pl ew t eacher and 2 t eacher cer t i f i cat i on assi st ant s • Bi l i ngual cer t i f i cat i on i s – Fam l y chi l dcar e (i n a hom i e) can onl y have 10 chi l dr en, N O r equi r ed MRO E!
  6. 6. • 2. St af f qual i f i cat i ons…• Aspect s of st r uct ur e – C l ege di pl om ol a• 1. G oup si ze and r – R st er under O ar i o’s EC egi nt Es adul t -chi l d r at i o… – U t o-dat e m cal f or m pol i ce p edi s, – I nf ant s 1:3 r ecor d check, and st andar d f i r st – Toddl er s 1:5 ai d cer t i f i cat e – Pr eschool 1:8 – School – age 1:15 – M nt ai n a f ocus on a f r am or k f or ai ew cur r i cul umand pedagogy r at her t han – 5 Year s 1:10 devel op a speci f i c cur r i cul um. – St at em of Pr i nci pl es ent – Under st andi ng chi l dr en’s devel opment – Assessm , Eval uat i on and ent m t or i ng oni
  7. 7. • Passi onat e• Per sever ance• W l l i ngness t o t ake i r i sks• Pat i ence• Pr agm i sm at• Fl exi bi l i t y• R espect• C eat i vi t y r• H gh ener gy i• Sense of hum our• Love f or l ear ni ng• Aut hent i ci t y
  8. 8. • Child Care and Development Fund• The federal government provides subsidies to families• Temporary Assistance to Needy Families• Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit• The Dependent Care Assistance Program (DCAP)
  9. 9. • In 2006, the universal child care benefit was introduced• The Canadian government provides financial transfers• In 2007, the tax credit for child care spaces was introduced• The provincial government is primarily responsible for education and child care• The federal government provides direct funds to certain groups• Funded by the early childhood development imitative
  10. 10. U I TED STA N TES- C l dr en ar e act i ve l ear ner s, cr eat i ng hi know edge and l ear ni ng t hr ough t hei r l dai l y exper i ences w t h m er i al s and i at CND AAA peopl e. - Today’s i deas ar e not new - Bet t er under st andi ng of- Lear ni ng i s m m ost eani ngf ul w hen i t how t o i m em cur r ent pl ent happens i n t he cont ext of t he chi l ds t eachi ng st r at egi es t o t he ever yday exper i ences at hom and i n t he e cur r i cul um cl assr oom . - I nspi r es pr of essi onal s- D evel opm i s pr om ed by pr act i ces ent ot t hat do not em phasi ze com i t i on pet bet ween chi l dr en, ar e i ndi vi dual l y and age-appr opr i at e, ar e car r i ed out i n an at mospher e of accept ance and r espect ,
  11. 11. U I TED STA N TES - C l d car e syst emi s eval uat ed hi based on: - t he envi r onment - saf et y and secur i t y - pr ogr am s - cur r i cul um - com uni cat i on m - pol i ci esCND AAA - st af f- C l d car e syst emi s eval uat ed based on: hi - t he accessi bi l i t y, af f or dabi l i t y andi ncl usi veness - t he car e f or chi l dr en i n a saf e, nur t ur i ngenvi r onm ent - f ost er ear l y chi l dhood devel opm ent - suppor t chi l dr en and t hei r f am l i es i
  12. 12. • Bachelor’s degree• Work as an ECE in a public school system• Owns a teaching license• To pursue to a high level of teaching, a master’s degree is mandatory with years of teaching experiences• All ECE licenses have to be renewed
  13. 13. • Maintain procedures and policies for health and safety• Meet the needs of each individual• Encourage development in all domains• Maintain a positive relationship with children and their families
  14. 14. • The availability in child care centers is equally questioned among communities• In larger geographical areas, there are more centers than family day care providers• Child care centers are the least available in poor communities• Family day cares are the most available in mix- income communities
  15. 15. Availability and Accessibility in the Canada
  16. 16. Title• Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas.• Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas.