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WWII: Important People (Final)
 

WWII: Important People (Final)

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  • Originally, he had sided with  Adolf Hitler  and Nazi Germany. He decided against it and joined the Allied Powers with  Franklin Delano Roosevelt  and  Winston Churchill  after Hitler invaded the Soviet Union, violating the non-aggression pact made between Soviet Union and Nazi Germany
  • De Gaulle's appointment was much too late to save France, and when France surrendered, De Gaulle fled to Britain and led the "free French" forces until the end of the war and later became post-war president of France.
  • In World War 2, he commanded the U.S. troops in the Philippines until told by President Roosevelt to leave for Australia as the Japanese closed in.  He then directed the U.S. counterattack that eventually recovered the South Pacific islands lost to Japan.  MacArthur formerly accepted the Japanese surrender and was in charge of the occupying force on Japan for years.  He was virtually regarded as a God by the Japanese. 

WWII: Important People (Final) WWII: Important People (Final) Presentation Transcript

  •  
  • AXIS POWER
  •  
  • Adolf Hitler (Germany) *Birth (20 April 1889) - Death (30 April 1945) *Austrian born German politician. * Leader/Founder of the National Socialist German Workers Party (a.k.a. Nazis ) *He is commonly associated with the rise of  fascism ( is a radical authoritarian nationalistpolitical ideology ) in Europe, World War II. *Had a genocide for Jews and even people who don’t look like the German. * Nazi dictator of  Germany  (1933-45), planned and started World War 2, committed suicide at the end of the war * Nazism = a combination of Fascism with extreme racism.
  • Benito Mussolini (Italy)
    • 29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945
    • The 40 th Prime Minister of  Italy  (1922-1943)
    • Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party
    • Is credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of Fascism ( called for a one-party state, total obedience, patriotic nationalism, and aggressive militarism)
    • Head of Government of Italy and Duce of Fascism.
    • After 1936, his 3 official title was :
    • * Sua Eccellenza Benito Mussolini (His Excellency Benito Mussolini)
    • *Capo del Governo(Head of Government)
    • *Duce del Fascismo e Fondatore dell'Impero  ( Duce of Fascism, and Founder of the Empire )
  • General Hideki Tojo
    • Prime minister of  Japan  (October 1941 - July 1944)
    • an aggressive army General
    • minister of war (in July 1941) 
    • prime minister (in October 1941)  made himself the commander in chief, like Adolf Hitler (Feb. 1944)
    • - ordered to go to war and attack Pearl Harbor in December 1941
    • When Japan was going to lose the war he resigned
    • was executed for his responsibility to Japan's war crimes
  • Hirohito (Japan)
    • April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989.
    • Also known in Japan as   Emperor Shōwa .
    • The 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order.
    • “ Replaced” General Hideki Tojo
    •   ordered to surrender in order to prevent further inevitable destruction of Japan.
    • ALLIED POWER
  •  
  • Joseph Stalin
    • the very brutal Communist dictator of  Russia  (1928-1953)
    • leader of the Soviet Union during WWII
    • years before WWII Stalin murdered or imprisoned almost all of Russia's senior military officers, and millions of other Russian citizens
    • Originally, sided with Adolf Hitler/Axis Power .
    • Decided against it and joined the Allied Powers  after Hitler invaded the Soviet Union , violating the non-aggression pact made between Soviet Union and Nazi Germany
    Sickle and Hammer Soviet Union Flag
  • Winston Churchill “The British Lion"
    • Became prime minister (on May 10, 1940) of Great Britain
    • Excelled as a wartime leader
    • His fighting spirit raised the morale of the British people
    • one of the most prominent national leaders in history
    • forged a strong alliance with the US
    • only British prime minister to have received the  Nobel Prize in Literature
    • “ Courage is going from failure to failure without losing enthusiasm.”
  • Edouard Daladier - Prime minister of  France  (1933,1934 & April 1938) Paul Reynaud - Replaced Eduoard Daladier but Daladier remained as the war minister Charles De Gaulle -Appointed as the new war minister by Reynaud
    • - De Gaulle's appointment was much too late to save France
    • De Gaulle fled to Britain and led the "free French" forces until the end of the war
    • Became post-war president of France.
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt
    • President of the  United States of America  (1933-1945)
    • The Japanese’s surprise attack the US naval and air bases in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii made the US join the war and allied with Britain and Russia to defeat the aggressors Axis of Nazi Germany, militarist Japan, and Fascist Italy.
  • General Douglas MacArthur - commanded the U.S. troops in the Philippines - MacArthur formerly accepted the Japanese surrender - directed the U.S. counterattack (to Japan) that eventually recovered the South Pacific islands lost to Japan. “ I shall return.” “ People of the Philippines, I have returned”
    • (19 February–26 March 1945)
    • Operation Detachment
    • Major Bloody Battle
    • A Fiercest fight in the Pacific Campaign, WWII
    • Decisive American Victory
    • “ A movie that flashes backs about the happenings of the six men, whom were involved in raising of the American flag in Iwo Jima, Mt. Suribachi”.
  • Gen. Holland Smith
    • General  Holland McTyeire "Howlin' Mad" Smith (April 20, 1882 – January 12, 1967),
    • Studied in Naval War College
    • “ Father of modern U.S.  amphibious warfare”.
    • Directed extensive Army, Navy, and Marine amphibious training, which was a major factor in successful U.S. landings in both the Atlantic and Pacific.
    • Had a long illness, and died on 12 January 1967, at the age of 84. 
    • 般的な忠道栗林 (7 July 1891 -26 March 1945)
    • Studied in Harvard University
    • Commander of the Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, circa 1937-1944.
    • Involved  haiku  poet, diplomat.
    • Known for being overall commander of the Japanese garrison during the Battle of Iwo Jima.
    • Killed himself and requested one saigo to buried him in the island of Iwo Jima.
    Gen. Tadamichi Kuribayashi
  • Sources:
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Iwo_Jima
    • http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=12
    • http://usmilitary.about.com/cs/generalinfo/g/aifospopde.htm
    • http://www.history.navy.mil/library/online/battleiwojima.htm
    • http://ww2db.com/image.php?image_id=4902
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holland_Smith
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Holland_Smith.jpg
    • http://ww2db.com/image.php?image_id=351
    • http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWhollandsmith.htm
    • http://pwencycl.kgbudge.com/S/m/Smith_Holland_M.htm
    • http://www.tecom.usmc.mil/HD/Whos_Who/Smith_HM.htm
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_(rank)
    • http://www.imdb.com/character/ch0007185/
    • http://www.google.com.ph/imgres?q=the+name+of+the+saigo+in+the+letter+from+iwo+jima&hl=tl&sa=X&biw=1133&bih=565&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=85gpmaVMEC1uYM:&imgrefurl=http://blogs.suntimes.com/scanners/contrarian_week/&docid=39y_5uqml00c0M&imgurl=http://blogs.suntimes.com/scanners/saigo.jpg&w=700&h=467&ei=z5IvT-DiF5CXiAeFlYzWDg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=318&vpy=59&dur=1541&hovh=183&hovw=275&tx=135&ty=108&sig=113043681415082794948&page=1&tbnh=113&tbnw=142&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1 t:429,r:2,s:0
    • http://www.sports-reference.com/olympics/athletes/ni/takeichi-baron-nishi-1.html
    • http://www.google.com.ph/imgres?q=flag+of+germany+of+hitler&hl=tl&sa=X&biw=1133&bih=565&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=S_UUtKEfK7jU5M:&imgrefurl=http://www.vnnforum.com/showthread.php%3Fp%3D1242045&docid=4_C_NudPbCnWoM&imgurl=http://cdn1.iofferphoto.com/img/item/139/026/837/nazi-party-flag-wwii-germany-the-blood-flag-869e7.jpg&w=339&h=400&ei=3pgvT6SCMqGfiAed3L3lDg&zoom=1
    • http://www.google.com.ph/imgres?imgurl=http://www.mapsofworld.com/images/world-countries-flags/germany-flag.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.mapsofworld.com/flags/germany-flag.html&h=265&w=390&sz=5&tbnid=hlGVdZCyqcIrVM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=132&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dflag%2Bof%2Bgermany%26tbm%3Disch%26tbo%3Du&zoom=1&q=flag+of+germany&docid=OaLEiWKQk2gN0M&hl=tl&sa=X&ei=8ZgvT5GVFIubiQfkiLzEDg&ved=0CEIQ9QEwAw&dur=388
    • http://www.google.com.ph/imgres?q=axis+power&hl=tl&biw=1133&bih=535&tbm=isch&tbnid=Vf_3RtwS4CefjM:&imgrefurl=http://www.louislamourgreatadventure.com/PongaJimMerchantMarine4.htm&docid=6X7IAl-7PupBLM&imgurl=http://www.louislamourgreatadventure.com/images/Maps/AxisPowersWWIIWorldTheatreMap.jpg&w=569&h=400&ei=7pkvT50M5pOJB9jN9NIO&zoom=1
    • http://www.google.com.ph/imgres?q=axis+power&hl=tl&biw=1133&bih=535&tbm=isch&tbnid=oWZfInjCZP7jeM:&imgrefurl=http://hikou10.deviantart.com/art/Axis-power-HETARIA-101927432&docid=HesEPZRiy2lH3M&imgurl=http://www.deviantart.com/download/101927432/Axis_power_HETARIA_by_hikou10.jpg&w=900&h=866&ei=7pkvT50M5pOJB9jN9NIO&zoom=1
    • http://www.google.com.ph/imgres?q=axis+power&hl=tl&biw=1133&bih=535&tbm=isch&tbnid=G1OIl5s8hpSPbM:&imgrefurl=http://hangboy.com/blog/2011/01/axis-power/&docid=wz3N5tz8Y5SwsM&imgurl=http://hangboy.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Hangboy_WW2_axis_Power.jpg&w=600&h=381&ei=7pkvT50M5pOJB9jN9NIO&zoom=1
    • http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERhitler.htm
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirohito
    • http://www.notablebiographies.com/Mo-Ni/Mussolini-Benito.html#b
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Naval_Ensign_of_Japan.svg
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_Mussolini
    • http://www.2worldwar2.com/leaders.htm
    • http://camphalfblood.wikia.com/wiki/Joseph_Stalin