WWII: Important People (Final)Presentation Transcript
Adolf Hitler (Germany) *Birth (20 April 1889) - Death (30 April 1945) *Austrian born German politician. * Leader/Founder of the National Socialist German Workers Party (a.k.a. Nazis ) *He is commonly associated with the rise of fascism ( is a radical authoritarian nationalistpolitical ideology ) in Europe, World War II. *Had a genocide for Jews and even people who don’t look like the German. * Nazi dictator of Germany (1933-45), planned and started World War 2, committed suicide at the end of the war * Nazism = a combination of Fascism with extreme racism.
Benito Mussolini (Italy)
29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945
The 40 th Prime Minister of Italy (1922-1943)
Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party
Is credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of Fascism ( called for a one-party state, total obedience, patriotic nationalism, and aggressive militarism)
Head of Government of Italy and Duce of Fascism.
After 1936, his 3 official title was :
* Sua Eccellenza Benito Mussolini (His Excellency Benito Mussolini)
*Capo del Governo(Head of Government)
*Duce del Fascismo e Fondatore dell'Impero ( Duce of Fascism, and Founder of the Empire )
General Hideki Tojo
Prime minister of Japan (October 1941 - July 1944)
an aggressive army General
minister of war (in July 1941)
prime minister (in October 1941) made himself the commander in chief, like Adolf Hitler (Feb. 1944)
- ordered to go to war and attack Pearl Harbor in December 1941
When Japan was going to lose the war he resigned
was executed for his responsibility to Japan's war crimes
April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989.
Also known in Japan as Emperor Shōwa .
The 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order.
“ Replaced” General Hideki Tojo
ordered to surrender in order to prevent further inevitable destruction of Japan.
the very brutal Communist dictator of Russia (1928-1953)
leader of the Soviet Union during WWII
years before WWII Stalin murdered or imprisoned almost all of Russia's senior military officers, and millions of other Russian citizens
Originally, sided with Adolf Hitler/Axis Power .
Decided against it and joined the Allied Powers after Hitler invaded the Soviet Union , violating the non-aggression pact made between Soviet Union and Nazi Germany
Sickle and Hammer Soviet Union Flag
Winston Churchill “The British Lion"
Became prime minister (on May 10, 1940) of Great Britain
Excelled as a wartime leader
His fighting spirit raised the morale of the British people
one of the most prominent national leaders in history
forged a strong alliance with the US
only British prime minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature
“ Courage is going from failure to failure without losing enthusiasm.”
Edouard Daladier - Prime minister of France (1933,1934 & April 1938) Paul Reynaud - Replaced Eduoard Daladier but Daladier remained as the war minister Charles De Gaulle -Appointed as the new war minister by Reynaud
- De Gaulle's appointment was much too late to save France
De Gaulle fled to Britain and led the "free French" forces until the end of the war
Became post-war president of France.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
President of the United States of America (1933-1945)
The Japanese’s surprise attack the US naval and air bases in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii made the US join the war and allied with Britain and Russia to defeat the aggressors Axis of Nazi Germany, militarist Japan, and Fascist Italy.
General Douglas MacArthur - commanded the U.S. troops in the Philippines - MacArthur formerly accepted the Japanese surrender - directed the U.S. counterattack (to Japan) that eventually recovered the South Pacific islands lost to Japan. “ I shall return.” “ People of the Philippines, I have returned”
(19 February–26 March 1945)
Major Bloody Battle
A Fiercest fight in the Pacific Campaign, WWII
Decisive American Victory
“ A movie that flashes backs about the happenings of the six men, whom were involved in raising of the American flag in Iwo Jima, Mt. Suribachi”.
Gen. Holland Smith
General Holland McTyeire "Howlin' Mad" Smith (April 20, 1882 – January 12, 1967),
Studied in Naval War College
“ Father of modern U.S. amphibious warfare”.
Directed extensive Army, Navy, and Marine amphibious training, which was a major factor in successful U.S. landings in both the Atlantic and Pacific.
Had a long illness, and died on 12 January 1967, at the age of 84.
般的な忠道栗林 (7 July 1891 -26 March 1945)
Studied in Harvard University
Commander of the Japanese forces at Iwo Jima, circa 1937-1944.
Involved haiku poet, diplomat.
Known for being overall commander of the Japanese garrison during the Battle of Iwo Jima.
Killed himself and requested one saigo to buried him in the island of Iwo Jima.