The way in which countries manage or conduct relationships with one another.
Main aim: promoting common interests and to resolve conflicting interests in a peaceful manner
Efforts on diplomacy throughout history: the United Nations, League of Nations, NATO, ASEAN,APEC, etc.
“ It’s better to jaw-jaw than to war-war”– Winston Churchill
Ties among many countries and groupings around the world.
Main aim: refer to Diplomacy
E.g. United Nations
Maintain world peace and security
Develop friendly relations among nations
Cooperate internationally to solve international economical, social, cultural and humanitarian problems
Promote respect for human rights and basic freedom regardless of race, religion and gender.
To be a centre for harmonising the actions of nations in attaining the aims listed.
-“We, the peoples…A stronger UN for the world.”
International anti-terrorism effort
In August 2005, a multi-national maritime interdiction exercise, codenamed Exercise Deep Sabre, was conducted in Singapore as part of the Proliferation Security Initiative.
The exercise, launched at the Changi Naval Base and conducted in the South China Sea, involved some 2,000 personnel from the military, coast guard, customs and other agencies of 13 countries, including Singapore, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Russia, the United Kingdom and the US.
Ten ships and six maritime patrol aircraft were involved in the exercise that aimed to develop and practice effective procedures to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)
Being a multi-racial society, Singapore is very vulnerable to the threats of terrorism.
The different races are susceptible to social tension. One of which examples is that social cohesion was affected after the JI arrests.
Adding on, Singapore is a very small country as compared to the other major powers , hence an easy target for terrorists.
Since it’s a small country with limited resources, Singapore relies on globalisation to aid the progression of society.
If Singapore is very unstable, foreign investors will not risk investing in Singapore.
In December 2004, during the disaster wrought by the massive tsunami that hit Indonesia, the Singapore Armed Forces dispatched three Endurance class landing platform dock ships - RSS Endurance , RSS Persistence and RSS Endeavour off the coast of Meulaboh, one of the worst hit areas where all road access was cut off. Onboard these ships were medical and engineering teams and volunteers with NGOs.
The ships were also loaded with medical supplies and heavy equipment to help clear roads and debris. Six Chinook helicopters and two Super Puma helicopters were also dispatched to Aceh, two Chinook helicopters and two Super Puma helicopters to Phuket, Thailand. C130s were also dispatched to ferry relief supplies to tsunami-hit areas.
International humanitarian effort
In September 2005, Singapore responded to the relief effort of Hurricane Katrina in the United States, by sending four CH-47 Chinook helicopters and forty-five RSAF personnel.
In the aftermath of the 2005 Bali bombings, the Singapore Armed Forces sent a medical team, comprising of two doctors, two nurses, and two paramedics to Bali to help treat victims of the blasts at the Sanglah Hospital. (CNA)
In October 2005, the Singapore Civil Defence Force dispatched a 44- member Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team to Pakistan to help in the relief and rescue operations following the 2005 Kashmir earthquake
5 permanent members: US, UK, France, China and Russia
Singapore was elected by the UN general assembly to serve as a non-permanent security council is to maintain international peace and security. During its term of office, Singapore served as the president of the council in January 2001 and may 2002. The election to the council showed the confidence member countries have in Singapore as well as Singapore's commitment to the UN
Why we think that international relationships is beneficial or more important to be established.
In a crisis, there would be more countries backing up.
(financially, military aid, peacekeeping forces, etc.)
Foster strong relationships with the world, avoid another world war.
Provide training grounds for military troops of different countries.
More countries can share about their different military strategies and technology to help one and another improve.