Opportunities & challenges of scs in indian conditions
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  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with watercolor overlay background(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the arrow below Crop, point to Crop to Shape, and then under Rectangle click Rounded Rectangle.Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the width of the donut shape.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size & Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.11” and the widthis set to 5.44”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 30%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 15pt.In the Angle box, enter 0.In the Distance box, enter 0.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:Click Italic.In the Font Color list, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 240, Green: 240, and Blue: 240.In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 36 pt.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Texture and then choose Blue Tissue Paper.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -40%.In the Contrast box, enter 40%.Select the rectangle. Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click the Format Picture dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, do the following:In the Brightness box, enter -15%.In the Contrast box, enter 50%.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Marker. Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 41%.In the Size box, enter 100%.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Height box enter 7.5” and in the Width box enter 10”.Also under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial. In the Direction list, select From Center.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1.In the Transparency box, enter 34%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Press and hold CTRL, and then on the slide, select the picture and the gradient-fill rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide (watercolor overlays), do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Freeform.On the slide, click points to create a shape along the top edge of the slide, that fits across the width of the slide and includes multiple points along the bottom edge of the shape (in the example above, 24 points along the bottom edge). Select the freeform shape. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 0, Green: 112, and Blue: 192. Also in the Fill pane, in the Transparency box, enter 85%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, click No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, click the button next to Presets, and then click 10 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate. Right-click the duplicate shape and select EditPoints. Move most of the bottom edge points upward and adjust some of the points left or right also (the edge should not be a duplicate of the first shape).Press and hold CTRL, and select the two freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL, and select two new freeform shapes. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 118, Green: 41, and Blue: 20. In the Transparency box, enter 88%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 99%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 134, Green: 56, and Blue: 8. In the Transparency box, enter 66%. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then do the following:Click Flip Horizontal.Click Flip Vertical.Position the two new freeform shapes in the bottom left corner of the slide area. Select one of the new freeform shapes. Drag the right sizing handle of the shapes to the left, decreasing the width by approximately 1/3. Note: To bring the center picture and caption to the front, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.Press and hold CTRL, and in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the picture and text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Bring to Front.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.
  • Picture with torn border and textured background(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, in the Height box enter 5.76” and in the Width box enter 4”. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then click the button next to Texture and click Newsprint (third row). Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureCorrections in the left pane, in the PictureCorrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box enter 40%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select No Line.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Right-click the rectangle, click EditPoints, right-click the top edge of the rectangle, and then click Add Point to add a new point. Repeat this step to add about 15 new points to the top edge. Do the same for the bottom edge. Individually select each point you added, and then drag up or down to create a ragged edge.Move rectangle to the right half of the slide area. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click AlignMiddle.To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert.Select the picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box. In the FormatPicture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 4.74” and the width is set to 3.4”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under ColorTone, click the button next to Presets, and then click Temperature 5300 K. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, do the following:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click OffsetCenter.In the Transparency box, enter 80%.In the Size box, enter 101%.Position the picture over the rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignMiddle.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the other shapes on this slide (arched shadows), do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter .50” into the Height box and 3.9” into the Width box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under BasicShapes click Oval. On the slide, drag to draw an oval. Select the oval. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 2” into the Height box and 6.83” into the Width box.Position the oval so that it overlaps the bottom edge of the rectangle. Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, click AlignSelectedObjects, and then click AlignCenter.Press and hold CTRL, select the rectangle, and then select the oval. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeSubtract.Select the new shape. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row). In the Transparency box, enter 50%.Select the other gradient stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and in the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, and in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, do the following:Under Glow, click the button next to Presets, and then click No Glow.Under SoftEdges, in the Size box enter 2.5 pt.Select the transparent, gradient-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate.Position one of the transparent rectangles over the bottom edge of the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Select the other transparent rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 0.34” into the Height box and 3.36” into the Width box.Position the transparent rectangle over the bottom edge of the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then under OrderObjects click Send Backward. Repeat this process until the shape is partially hidden by the texture-filled rectangle.Press and hold CTRL, select the picture, select both transparent rectangles, and select the texture-filled rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click AlignSelectedObjects.Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a textbox. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list, select 36 pt. from the FontSize list, and then select Black, Text 1 from the FontColor list.Position the text box on the left side of the slide.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle. On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill. Click the button next to Texture and choose WovenMat (first row).Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, and in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, click the button next to Presets, and then click Soften: 25%.Under Brightnessand Contrast, in the Brightness box enter 14%. Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click PictureColor in the left pane, and in the PictureColor pane, under Recolor, click the button next to Presets, and then click Sepia (first row).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, enter 7.5” into the Height box and 10” into the Width box.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradientfill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90°. Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until four gradient stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 48, Green: 50, and Blue: 30. In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 18%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 51%.Click the button next Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 30%. Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click MoreColors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 78, Green: 81, and Blue: 61. In the Transparency box, enter 20%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane select Noline.Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center.

Transcript

  • 1. Speaker : Sunil Kumar (A-2012-40-004) Opportunities & Challenges of Soil Carbon Sequestration in Indian Conditions
  • 2.  Introduction  Ways that carbon can be sequestered  Soil carbon sequestration  Opportunities to sequester carbon in soil  Challenges in soil carbon sequestration  Conclusion. OUTLINE 3
  • 3. INTRODUCTION 4
  • 4.  Climate change is an important environmental issue that has captured the world’s attention during the recent past.  Global climate change commonly referred to as global warming, is a serious environmental issue affecting human life and planet earth. 5
  • 5.  The continued increase in CO2 concentration in the atmosphere is believed to be accelerated by human activities such as burning of fossil fuels and deforestation.  One of the approaches to reducing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere is carbon sequestration. 6
  • 6. Carbon sequestration  Carbon Sequestration/CO2 storage is the placement of CO2 into a depository in such a way that it remains safely stored and not released back to the atmosphere.
  • 7. Carbon dioxide emission in top five countries CHINA, 9700 USA, 5420 INDIA, 1970 RUSSIA, 1830 JAPAN, 1240 Million tonnes per annum http://www.pbl.nl/en/, 2013Netherlands Environment Agency
  • 8. Sources of carbon dioxide emission Man made sources  Industries  Transportation  Land use change  Soil cultivation  Biomass burning
  • 9. Natural sources  Volcanoes  Wild fires  Decomposition  Respiration Sources of carbon dioxide emission
  • 10. Ways that carbon can be sequestered Geological sequestration: Underground Ocean sequestration: Deep in ocean Terrestrial sequestration: In plants and soil
  • 11. Geological sequestration Carbon extracted from a coal or other fossil fuel… is currently burned and emitted to air CO2 is captured as concentrated high pressure fluid. CO2 is shipped as supercritical fluid via pipeline to a selected, permitted injection site. CO2 injected at pressure into pore space at depths below and isolated (sequestered) from potable water. 12
  • 12.  Various physical and geochemical trapping mechanisms would prevent the CO2 from escaping to the surface.  For well-selected, designed and managed geological storage sites, the IPCC estimates that CO2 could be trapped for millions of years, and the sites are likely to retain over 99 per cent of the injected CO2 over 1,000 years. 13
  • 13. Ocean Sequestration  Carbon is naturally stored in the ocean via two pumps, solubility and biological and there are analogous man made methods, direct injection and ocean fertilization, respectively.  At the present time, approximately one third of human generated emissions are estimated to be entering the ocean.
  • 14.  Geological and ocean carbon sequestration is not yet viable at a commercial level.  Small scale projects demonstrated but carbon sequestration is still a developing technology due to high price of installing these carbon capture systems. 15
  • 15. Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration The process through which CO2 from the atmosphere is absorbed naturally through photosynthesis & stored as carbon in biomass & soils.
  • 16. SOIL CARBON SEQUESTRATION Soil is a major source and sink of atmospheric CO₂. Soil carbon sequestration refers to the storage of carbon in soil. The awareness of green house gas emissions and concerns about the global warming have led to an increased interest in sequestering carbon in soils. 17
  • 17. SOIL :THE LARGEST TERRESTRIAL CARBON POOL  The global soil carbon pool amounts to 2500 Gt. The total soil carbon pool is four times the biotic pool and three times the atmospheric pool.  Soil organic carbon stocks in soils of India have been estimated to be 21 Pg (upper 30 cm) and 63 Pg (upper 150 cm). Lal (2004)
  • 18. Benefits of Soil Carbon Sequestration Improved agricultural performance Increased soil fertility Healthier ecology Improved soil structure Less erosion Better water use and storage Improved biodiversity
  • 19. Opportunities to sequester carbon in soil Crop management Tillage & Residue management Nutrient management Agroforestry & Grasslands 20
  • 20. Crop Management Strategies for C Sequestration Enhance C inputs Reduce C losses Crop rotations Fallow management  To increase soil carbon levels, we need crop rotations that reduce fallow periods.  Especially rotations with fallow periods during the summer when temperatures result in maximum soil respiration rates. 21
  • 21. Carbon sequestration rate in rice-wheat and maize-wheat system (0-60 cm profile) Kukal et al. (2009) Sandy loam pH=7.9 Ludhiana Treatments Carbon sequestration rate (kg ha-1 yr-1) Rice -wheat Maize-wheat N120 130 30 N120P 30 190 40 N120P30K 30 260 80 FYM 20 t ha-1 310 140 LSD (0.05) 40 30 22
  • 22. Long term effect of manure and fertilizers on total organic carbon (g kg-1) under rice-wheat-jute system 6.1 5.1 5.7 6.3 7.4 7.9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Fallow Control N NP NPK NPK + FYM 0-15 cm Barrackpore (West Bengal), pH = 7.1 Manna et al. (2006) Initial TOC=7.12
  • 23. Treatments Years 2004- 2005 2005- 2006 Coconut + banana 1.23 1.25 Coconut + maize 1.18 1.21 Coconut + pineapple 1.25 1.30 CD(0.05) 0.05 0.04 Sudha and George (2011) Soil organic carbon (%) under different cropping systems at 0-15 cm soil depth Thiruvananthapuram, Clay loam, pH-5.8 24
  • 24. Change in total organic carbon (Mg ha-1) under different treatments at 0-15 cm depth in rice-wheat cropping system 0 5 10 15 20 25 Fallow Control NPK NPK + FYM NPK +PS NPK + GM 18.8 14.7 17.8 21.3 19.9 18.3 BCKV, West Bengal (Sandy loam, pH- 7.2) Ghosh et al. (2012) PS=Paddy straw, GM=Green manure
  • 25. Soil organic carbon (g kg-1) in rice-wheat system Benbi and Brar (2009) 26 Ludhiana
  • 26. Tillage and Residue management 27
  • 27. Effect of straw management and tillage system on organic carbon and carbon sequestration in soil after wheat Treatments Organic carbon (%) C sequestered (%) Straw burned- CT 0.35 - Straw burned- ZT 0.36 - Straw incorporated- CT 0.44 16.6 Straw mulched- ZT 0.48 25.2 CD (0.05) 0.05 - Singh et al. (2009)Ludhiana (Sandy loam, pH-7.8) CT= Conventional tillage, ZT= Zero tillage 28
  • 28. Soil organic carbon stock (Mg ha-1 yr-1) under lantana application M0 F100% M10 F100% M20 F100% M30 F100% 0.06 0.31 0.41 0.46 Palampur Raina (2007) Lantana application on fresh weight basis. M0= 0, M10=10 t/ha, M20= 20 t/ha, M30= 30 t/ha Silty clay loam
  • 29. Treatments Year 2004- 2005 2005- 2006 Residue management Surface mulching 1.31 1.37 Residue incorporation 1.13 1.13 CD (0.05) 0.04 0.04 Tillage Conventional tillage 1.22 1.22 Reduced tillage 1.22 1.29 CD (0.05) NS 0.04 Sudha and George (2011) Soil organic carbon (%) under residue management and tillage at 0-15 cm soil depth Thiruvananthapuram, Clay loam, pH-5.8 Coconut based cropping system, maize, banana, pineapple 30
  • 30. Treatments Mean annual C input (Mg ha−1) Stubble Root RD C input through crop residue C input through organics Total C input Control 0.05 0.22 0.31 0.59 e - 0.59 25 kg N (urea) 0.08 0.29 0.41 0.78 c - 0.78 50 kg N (urea) 0.09 0.33 0.46 0.85 b - 0.85 25 kg N (FYM)+25 kg N (urea) 0.10 0.31 0.44 0.87 b 1.48 2.35 25 kg N (CR)+25 kg N (urea) 0.09 0.29 0.41 0.80 c 2.22 3.02 25 kg N (Leucaena)+25 kg N (urea) 0.08 0.24 0.33 0.65 d 0.28 0.93 25 kg N (CR)+25 kg N (Leucaena) 0.10 0.33 0.46 0.90 a 2.50 3.40 Srinivasarao et al. (2012) Carbon input to soil from rainfed sorghum under different fertilizer and manurial treatments Hyderabad Clay pH= 8.0Mean (1985–2007) RD= Rhizodeposition 31
  • 31. NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT 32
  • 32. Treatments 0-15 cm 15-30 cm Control 0.41 0.32 100% NPK 0.52 0.40 50% N (FYM ) + 50% NPK 0.62 0.46 50% N (wheat straw ) + 50% NPK 0.59 0.42 50% N (Sesbania aculeata) + 50% NPK 0.60 0.43 CD (0.05) 0.03 0.02 Kumar et al. (2012)Hisar (Sandy loam), pH = 7.82 Soil organic carbon (%) as affected by the application of fertilizers and organics in pearl millet-wheat cropping system 33
  • 33. Treatments 0–15 cm soil Depth SOC (g kg-1) Carbon sequestration (Mg C ha-1) Carbon sequestration rate (Mg C ha-1 yr-1) Control 3.26 d 1.94 c 0.22 c 100% N 3.53 c 2.18 c 0.24 c 100% NP 3.60 c 2.16 c 0.24 c 100% NPK 4.11 b 3.30 b 0.37 b 100% NPK + FYM 4.55 a 4.10 a 0.46 a Brar et al. (2013) Effect of organic manure and inorganic fertilizers on carbon sequestration under rice–wheat cropping system Ludhiana Loamy sand pH = 8.3 34
  • 34. Soil organic carbon (%) as influenced by organic nutrition in rice-vegetable based sequence 0.44 0.47 0.5 0.4 0.45 0.48 0.52 0.46 0.49 0.54 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 100% FYM 100%VM 100%PM 100% UREA 125%FYM 125%VM 125%PM 150%FYM 150%VM 150%PM Meena and Singh (2012)(Sandy clay loam, pH- 7.12)Varanasi Initial SOC=0.38 VM=vermicompost, PM=Poultry manure
  • 35. Soil organic carbon (g kg-1) as influenced by FYM and inorganic fertilizer in rice-wheat system Treatments Soil Depth Rice Wheat 0-15 15-30 0-15 15-30 N120 3.4 d 2.5 c 3.9 c 2.7 c N12O P 30 3.8 c 2.7 c 4.4 b 2.9 bc N120 P30 K 30 5.3 b 3.0 b 4.9 a 3.1 b FYM 6.2 a 3.4 a 5.1 a 3.4 a Control 3.0 d 2.0 d 2.9 d 2.3 d Kukal et al. (2009)Sandy loam pH=8.1Ludhiana 36
  • 36. Treatments Soil organic carbon SOC (g kg-1 soil) Amount (Mg ha-1) Control 6.01 35.5 N20 P35 6.70 38.7 N20 K33 6.45 37.6 N20 P35 K33 7.51 43.1 N20 + FYM 10 Mg ha -1 9.63 54.7 NPK+FYM 10.76 60.3 Initial 5.54 33.3 LSD (0.05) 0.9 0.8 Kundu et al. (2007) Soil organic carbon at 0–45 cm as affected by 30 years of fertilizer application in a rainfed soybean–wheat rotation Sandy loam, pH= 6.1Almora 37
  • 37. Treatments 0–20 cm soil Depth SOC (Mg ha-1) CS (Mg C ha-1) CSR (Mg C ha-1 yr-1) Control 32.2 D -3.57 D -0.18 D 100% NPK 36.2 C 0.43 C 0.02 C 50% NPK + 4 Mg ha−1 GNS 47.2 A 11.43 A 0.57 A 50% NPK + 4 Mg ha−1 FYM 45.9 A 10.13 A 0.51 A 5Mg ha−1 FYM 42.4 B 6.63 B 0.33 B Soil organic carbon and carbon sequestration (CS) and under different fertilization in long term mono cropping of groundnut Srinivasarao et al. (2012)Hyderabad Sandy loam pH= 6.1 CSR= Carbon sequestration rate 38
  • 38. Organic carbon sequestered annually in soil profile (0-45cm) in a long term fertilizer experiment 100 200 500 150 130 700 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 OCsequestered(kgha-1yr-1) Rudrappa et al. (2006)New Delhi Sandy Clay loam, pH = 8.3 Maize-wheat-cowpea
  • 39. Agroforestry
  • 40. Land use 0-15 cm soil layer Tree age (yrs) One Three Six Agroforestry 12.4 14.6 15.8 Sole crop (wheat) 9.0 9.6 9.2 LSD (0.05) 1.6 1.1 0.9 15-30 cm soil layer Agroforestry 10.8 11.3 13.3 Sole crop (wheat) 8.10 8.32 8.10 LSD (0.05) 1.1 0.9 0.7 Gupta et al. (2009) Total soil organic carbon pool (Mg ha -1) affected by poplar (Poplulus deltoides) based agro-forestry Ludhiana Sandy loam, pH = 7.9 41
  • 41. Biomass Systems Above ground biomass Below ground biomass Above ground carbon Below ground carbon Horti pastoral 15.26 5.37 6.86 2.41 Silvi pastoral 32.72 11.50 14.72 5.17 Agri siliviculture 34.05 11.97 15.32 5.38 Horti silvipastoral 18.20 6.40 8.19 2.88 Pure forest 134.18 47.16 60.38 21.32 Natural grassland 3.44 1.03 1.54 0.46 CD= 0.05 13.31 4.45 0.03 5.99 Khaki and Wani (2011) Biomass production (t ha-1) and carbon stock (t ha-1) under different land use systems Paonta Sahib 42
  • 42. Soil carbon sequestration (t ha-1) of natural forest ecosystems Treatments 0-20 cm 20-40 cm Total Oak forest 52.6 a 49.1 ab 101.8 Pine forest 52.2 a 47.5 abc 99.7 Oak and Pine forest 63.5 a 54.1 a 111.4 Mixed Broad leaved forest 55.8 a 46.0 bcd 101.9 Acacia forest 55.0 a 47.9 abc 109.1 Scrub 53.6 a 39.0 bcd 92.6 Grassland 50.5 a 31.1 cd 81.6 Devi et al. (2013)Solan, Clay Loam, pH=6.3-8.0 43
  • 43. Soil organic carbon concentration and stock under different land use Treatments SOC (%) SOC stock (t ha-1) Grassland 5.2 187 Acacia plantation 4.6 173 Cardamom plantation 4.0 154 Open scrub 3.9 151 Pine plantation 3.5 137 Tea plantation 2.9 118 Rubber plantation 2.4 95 Homestead 1.9 77 Sreekanth et al. (2013)Kottayam (Kerala), Clay loam 44
  • 44. Clean development Mechanism (CDM) 45
  • 45. Clean development Mechanism (CDM) In the recent past CDM projects have been attracting carbon trading. India has also caught with the trend. At the global level, so for 299 such projects have been registered with UNFCCC that have the capacity to save 577 million tonnes of CO2 annually. Out of these firms 32% are from India. Some of them are in the agroforestry sector like the two biomass based projects of LANCO group in Andhra Pradesh. 46
  • 46. 32% 2% 2% 3% 3% 5%6% 7% 22% 18% India Rep. of Korea Argentina Malaysia Honcuras Chile China Mexico Brazil Other's Registered CDM projects by countries with UNFCCC 47
  • 47. Challenges in soil carbon sequestration 48 Deforestation Residue burning Conventional tillage Imbalanced use of fertilizers Reduced inputs of organic matter
  • 48. Deforestation  Forests are the most effective system of carbon sequestration in nature.  Deforestation causes loss of a valuable resource of carbon sequestration along with additional increase of CO2 in atmosphere.  Deforestation accounts for an annual release of carbon between 90 – 250 Mt, about one third of which comes from oxidation of soil carbon in the tropics. (Lal 2010)
  • 49. Residue Burning  This method is used to clear the land cheaply in short duration.  It leads to emission of greenhouse gases namely carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, causing global warming and loss of plant nutrients like N, P and S.
  • 50.  It releases 12 Mt CO2 ha-1 as well as other more potent greenhouse gases.  Heat generated from the burning of crop residues elevates soil temperature causing death of active beneficial microbial population.  Repeated burnings in a field, however, diminishes the microbial population permanently.
  • 51. Conventional tillage  Conventional agricultural practices such as ploughing, removal of crop residues, soil fertility mining and accelerated soil erosion are mainly responsible for low SOC in cultivated soils.  Soil erosion alone leads to a soil C loss of 4.3 to 7.3 Tg C y-1 (Lal, 2004).
  • 52. Imbalanced use of fertilizers  Chemical and physical properties of soil are degraded which reduces the ability of soil to support plant and microbial growth.  This results in reduced efficiency of soil and plants to sequester the carbon from atmosphere.  Several studies had shown that imbalanced fertilization leads to decrease in crop yield and SOC buildup. (Manna et al. 2005; Rudrappa et al. 2006; Kukal et al. 2009) Reduced inputs of organic matter
  • 53.  Rainfed condition : Green manure crops will not decompose readily due to lack of water.  For higher cropping intensity land is unavailable for green manure cultivation.  Disease, insects and nematodes may come up due to improper decomposition. Green manuring
  • 54. CONCLUSIONS  Greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere are increasing and the threat of global climate change requires our attention.  Soil carbon sequestration is an effective tool to sequester atmospheric CO2 with better practical application than other approaches.  Soil carbon sequestration provide vast opportunity to sequester carbon in the soil.
  • 55.  A diversity of agricultural management practices can be employed to sequester more carbon in plants and soil:  Crop management.  Nutrient management.  Residue management and conservation tillage.  Agro-forestry.  Soil carbon sequestration using innovative soil and crop management practices is needed to augment soil carbon storage.  Combination of different agricultural management practices can enhance soil carbon sequestration. conti….
  • 56. THANKS