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Power point in ss12
 

Power point in ss12

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    Power point in ss12 Power point in ss12 Presentation Transcript

    • WELCOME..!!!!!!!
    • Group IV
      Leader: Ronnie Rose Duque
      Jessica S. Rodriguez
      Kharen L. Laman
      Mary Jane B. Rosales
      Catherine G. Cabauatan
      Maricon R. Gumangan
      Orlando C. Uggadan
      Michael Amata
      RolenCarniyan
      John Michael
      BSIT 3-B
    • RURAL – URBAN COMMUNITY
    • There are diff. definitions and connotations of community:
      • To the Layman:
      A community is a place where one resides, works, and carry on his daily routines of life.
      • To Olsen (1986)
      A community is a social organization that is territorially socialized through which its member satisfy most of their daily needs and deal with most of their common problems.
      • To S0ociologist and Geographers
      Community refers to any set of social relationship operating within certain boundaries, locations, or territories.
      Definition and Nature of Community
    • In popular usage, the term has often been associated with positive connotations, as in phrases “a sense of community” or “community spirit”. It is clear that term is not only descriptive, but also normative ideological.
    • Worslet (1987) suggested three(3) broad meanings involved in theorizing about community
      • “Community as locality”
      • “Network of inter relationship”
      • “Community spirit” Or “Community feeling”
    • Although the Philippines at present is characterized by a trend towards urbanization, it still a nation predominantly composed of barrios an barangays. A common way of classifying Philippines communities is a rural-urban dichotomy. The German Sociologist, Ferdinand Toennies, relates the rural communities to familistic and traditional gemeinschaft and the urban communities to the contractual and business like gesselhaft.
      The Nature of the Rural and Urban Community
    • Rural communities:
      are localities which are usually small having a homogeneity of culture and personal relationships.
      Urban communities:
      refer to the cities or urban settlement characterized by size, density and heterogeneity, which combination provide the basis of the complex of labor and fundamental changes in the nature of social relationships.
    • The city evolved seven(7) periods of stages: (Light, 1985)
      Nomadic Existence
      Neolithic Period
      Polis
      Pre-industrial City
      Industrial Revolution and Urban Explosion
      Metropolis
      Megalopolis
      The Evolution of the City
    • Comparison of Rural and Urban Community
    • URBAN ECOLOGICAL PROCESSrefer to patterns if physical changes in he city and the way the people to adapt to the changing urban environment.
    • Amos Hawley (1901) advanced the diff. ecological processes w/c account for the changes in towns and cities
      Concentration – It refers to the increase of the population in a given area w/c is determined by density of population.
      Dispersion – it refers to the outward movement of population from city centers to the outlying sections.
      Gradient – it refers to the condition of receding degrees of dominance from a dominant centers towards the adjoining areas.
      Centralization – it refers to the condition where various institutions and establishments are drawn together along lines of transportation and communication or to the cluster along the same street. or the same area.
    • Decentralization – it refers to the scattering of functions from the main business districts to the suburbs or outlying districts.
      Segregation – it refers to the tendency of people belonging to the same ethnic grouping, religion, social class, or occupation to live together in exclusive area.
      Invasion – it occurs when new types of people, institutions or activities enter an area previously occupied by a different type.
      Succession or Conversion – it refers to the condition where invasion reaches the climax stage, that is, when the inhabitants , institutions or new functions completely occupy the area.
      Zoning – it is a procedure by which land parcels in the city are designated by law for specific purposes and the size of lots and the structures in them are regulated.
    • Urban Ecology and the Shape of Cities
      • Is concerned with the configurations and relationships that occur people, their activities, and the land they occupy.
      Light(195) present six(6) models of these spatial characteristics:
      Concentric Zone Model by Burgees
      Multiple nuclei Model by Harris and Ullman
      Sector Model by Hoyt
      Zoning – it is procedure by w/c land parcels are designated by law
      Mega Structure – it refers to a type of futuristic urban architecture in w/c acres of living ,working, and recreational spaces are supported high above the earth’s surface.
      New Town – it is comprehensively planned settlement, usually near a larger metropolis, built to absorb urban growth in a systematic fashion.
    • Among the aspects of urban renewal are:
      Beautification and greening projects
      Renewal and disposal of garbage
      Housing projects
      Designs for easing traffic(MMDA)
      Infrastructure project such as the construction of flyovers and LRT II and III
      Slum improvement programs; slum clearance
      Provision for livelihood and revenue generating projects
      Zoning policies
      Urban Planning – is a means of directing the city's growth and changes to provide a more heathy, pleasant and prosperous environment (Gist and Faun 1974; Panopio, 2004)
    • Improving various service of the city
      Converting dumpsites into housing and industrial center
      Imposing a regional tax in the suburbs
      Involvement of private sector groups, including developers, planners, bankers property owners and retailers in city program
      Renovation and redevelopment projects
      Urban enterprise zone specific areas in which government regulations are reduced and firms located there are allowed substantial tax breaks
      Self-help projects among neighborhood groups
      Preservation of buildings and houses with historical and architectural importance.
    • THANK YOU…!!!