Group IV Leader: Ronnie Rose Duque Jessica S. Rodriguez Kharen L. Laman Mary Jane B. Rosales Catherine G. Cabauatan Maricon R. Gumangan Orlando C. Uggadan Michael Amata RolenCarniyan John Michael BSIT 3-B
RURAL – URBAN COMMUNITY
There are diff. definitions and connotations of community:
To the Layman:
A community is a place where one resides, works, and carry on his daily routines of life.
To Olsen (1986)
A community is a social organization that is territorially socialized through which its member satisfy most of their daily needs and deal with most of their common problems.
To S0ociologist and Geographers
Community refers to any set of social relationship operating within certain boundaries, locations, or territories. Definition and Nature of Community
In popular usage, the term has often been associated with positive connotations, as in phrases “a sense of community” or “community spirit”. It is clear that term is not only descriptive, but also normative ideological.
Worslet (1987) suggested three(3) broad meanings involved in theorizing about community
“Community as locality”
“Network of inter relationship”
“Community spirit” Or “Community feeling”
Although the Philippines at present is characterized by a trend towards urbanization, it still a nation predominantly composed of barrios an barangays. A common way of classifying Philippines communities is a rural-urban dichotomy. The German Sociologist, Ferdinand Toennies, relates the rural communities to familistic and traditional gemeinschaft and the urban communities to the contractual and business like gesselhaft. The Nature of the Rural and Urban Community
Rural communities: are localities which are usually small having a homogeneity of culture and personal relationships. Urban communities: refer to the cities or urban settlement characterized by size, density and heterogeneity, which combination provide the basis of the complex of labor and fundamental changes in the nature of social relationships.
The city evolved seven(7) periods of stages: (Light, 1985) Nomadic Existence Neolithic Period Polis Pre-industrial City Industrial Revolution and Urban Explosion Metropolis Megalopolis The Evolution of the City
Comparison of Rural and Urban Community
URBAN ECOLOGICAL PROCESSrefer to patterns if physical changes in he city and the way the people to adapt to the changing urban environment.
Amos Hawley (1901) advanced the diff. ecological processes w/c account for the changes in towns and cities Concentration – It refers to the increase of the population in a given area w/c is determined by density of population. Dispersion – it refers to the outward movement of population from city centers to the outlying sections. Gradient – it refers to the condition of receding degrees of dominance from a dominant centers towards the adjoining areas. Centralization – it refers to the condition where various institutions and establishments are drawn together along lines of transportation and communication or to the cluster along the same street. or the same area.
Decentralization – it refers to the scattering of functions from the main business districts to the suburbs or outlying districts. Segregation – it refers to the tendency of people belonging to the same ethnic grouping, religion, social class, or occupation to live together in exclusive area. Invasion – it occurs when new types of people, institutions or activities enter an area previously occupied by a different type. Succession or Conversion – it refers to the condition where invasion reaches the climax stage, that is, when the inhabitants , institutions or new functions completely occupy the area. Zoning – it is a procedure by which land parcels in the city are designated by law for specific purposes and the size of lots and the structures in them are regulated.
Urban Ecology and the Shape of Cities
Is concerned with the configurations and relationships that occur people, their activities, and the land they occupy.
Light(195) present six(6) models of these spatial characteristics: Concentric Zone Model by Burgees Multiple nuclei Model by Harris and Ullman Sector Model by Hoyt Zoning – it is procedure by w/c land parcels are designated by law Mega Structure – it refers to a type of futuristic urban architecture in w/c acres of living ,working, and recreational spaces are supported high above the earth’s surface. New Town – it is comprehensively planned settlement, usually near a larger metropolis, built to absorb urban growth in a systematic fashion.
Among the aspects of urban renewal are: Beautification and greening projects Renewal and disposal of garbage Housing projects Designs for easing traffic(MMDA) Infrastructure project such as the construction of flyovers and LRT II and III Slum improvement programs; slum clearance Provision for livelihood and revenue generating projects Zoning policies Urban Planning – is a means of directing the city's growth and changes to provide a more heathy, pleasant and prosperous environment (Gist and Faun 1974; Panopio, 2004)
Improving various service of the city Converting dumpsites into housing and industrial center Imposing a regional tax in the suburbs Involvement of private sector groups, including developers, planners, bankers property owners and retailers in city program Renovation and redevelopment projects Urban enterprise zone specific areas in which government regulations are reduced and firms located there are allowed substantial tax breaks Self-help projects among neighborhood groups Preservation of buildings and houses with historical and architectural importance.