Industrial Revolution- The Changed BritainPresentation Transcript
Industrial Revolution changed Britain from a basically rural and agricultural basedsociety to a predominantly urban and industrial society. In addition to the changes inway people used technology, the Industrial Revolution also caused great changes inpeoples way of life, and the social systems. These changes can be attributed to severalfactors including Greater and cheaper production of many goods including many newproducts which mad life easier of people, the increasing importance of capital inproduction, need for centralized location of production activities, and deskilling of work.
The close relationship that often existed between employers andemployees under earlier system, became impossible in the largefactories of the which developed as a result of Industrial Revolution.The working day in factories than - about 12 to 14 hours a day for sixdays a week - was about same as that existed earlier. But becauseof needs to keep the machines running for the maximum timeemployees were forced to work faster and without rest.
The working day in factories than - about 12 to 14 hours a day for six days a week -was about same as that existed earlier. But because of needs to keep the machinesrunning for the maximum time employees were forced to work faster and withoutrest.Jobs became more specialized, and the work monotonous. As the production usingold technologies became comparatively uneconomical, artisans lost their traditionalmeans of livelihood and were forced to work in factories at very low wages. Womenand children who also worked as unskilled labourers earned even lower wages asmall fraction of mens low wages. Children as young, as under 10 years of age, alsoworked in factories resulting in great damage to their health.
Rapid urbanization wasnot accompanied bydevelopment of properhousing. This resulted indevelopment ofovercrowded slumswhere people lived inextremely unsanitaryconditions causing manydiseases. This was notgood...
Workers were not permitted to vote and could do little legallyto improve their condition. In Britain law forbade workersfrom joining trade unions. But some workers did form tradeunions and also went on strike or rioted.However the conditions of the working class improvedgradually during the 1800s. Law forbidding trade unions wererepealed and new laws regulating factory conditions to ensurebetter working conditions were passed. A Reform Bill passedin 1932, gave most middle-class men the right tovote. Another Bill, passed in 1867, granted voting rights tomany city workers and owners of small farms.