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Ppt0000006

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  • 1. 12 Quality Criteria For People Places Lars Gemzøe Associate Partner Gehl Architects Antwerp 2011
  • 2. Livability starts with understanding peoplesbehavior and needs
  • 3. Cultures are different…
  • 4. Climates are differentGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 5. The way people inhabit and use space is very much the sameGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 6. We must understand people to improve citiesGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 7. Pedestrians are invisible in theplanning processLots of data on vehicular traffic• Always Traffic Departments withdata about vehicular traffic• constantly new models,marketing, high speed, noise,pollution, organisations etc.No data on pedestrians• same old model, no marketing,low speed, small size, nopollution, usually no organisationsetc• No city department for PublicLife
  • 8. Data is keyPublic Space - Public Life surveysMany of the reports can be downloaded as PDF-files on our websitewww.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 9. We are walking animalswith a ground speed of 3 km/h
  • 10. All our senses are important
  • 11. We use all of our senses in the experience ofthe environment The “long distance” sense75% of all impressions are through eyesight Seeing
  • 12. We use all of our sensesThe “mediumrange” sense Hearing
  • 13. We use all of our sensesThe “short range” sense 0-1 m Smell
  • 14. We use all of our sensesThe “close range” sense 0m Touch
  • 15. We experience the environment at eye level
  • 16. Eye-levels vary – from a small child
  • 17. To a grown up
  • 18. We need a lot of stimulus1000 stimulus per hour =1 per every 4 seconds
  • 19. The basis is a set of quality criteria
  • 20. 12 quality criteriaPROTECTION
  • 21. Pedestrians should beprotected against trafficaccidents …
  • 22. Pedestrians should beprotected againsttraffic accidents …
  • 23. Pedestrians should be protectedagainst traffic accidents …
  • 24. Create safe conditions for pedestrians But not like this!Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 25. Pedestrians should be offered a safe environmentfree of traffic accidents Separate systems give no security and do not feel safeGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 26. Pedestrians should be offered a safe environment free of traffic accidents75% of all streets in Barcelona are 30km/h streets
  • 27. Pedestrians should be offered a safeenvironment free of crime and violence
  • 28. People should feel safe
  • 29. Pedestrians should be offered protection against unpleasant climatic conditions Prioritise comfort – create shelter
  • 30. People should be offered protection against unpleasantclimatic conditions
  • 31. 12 quality criteria COMFORT
  • 32. WalkingCreate good conditions for pedestrians - so they can move freely
  • 33. Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environmentAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 34. Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environment – avoid obstacles RotterdamAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 35. Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environmentAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 36. Something to experience along the wayAvoid long straight and closed facades 38Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 37. Something to experiencealong the way 39 Avoid long straight and closed facadesGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 38. Something to experience along the wayRibe, Denmark – Children’s toy marketGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 39. Avoid obstaclesGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Italy
  • 40. Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environment Chaing Mai, Thailand Rijeka, CroatiaAvoid obstacles Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 41. Not the most inviting place to walkfor anyone Athens, Greece
  • 42. Create good conditions for pedestriansNot too narrow….or filled up with parked cars Belgrade, Serbia UK
  • 43. People want to go directNew York
  • 44. People want to go directFlorence, Italy
  • 45. Pedestrians should be offered a nice walking environment - Avoid obstaclesUK Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl
  • 46. Avoidstairs MexicoGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 47. People should be offered possibilities to stand and sitAvoid long· Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects straight and closed facades
  • 48. People should be offered possibilities to stand and sitSydney, Australia Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Edinburgh, UK
  • 49. People should be offered possibilities to sit Avoid odd and cold materialsGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 50. People should be offered possibilities to sitMontevideo, Uruguay Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 51. People should be offered possibilities to sit But what about the children?Copenhagen Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 52. Seating for childrenChairs in children Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects · Urban Quality size in Bryant Park N.Y
  • 53. Sit the way you want2000 moveable chairs in Bryant Park N.YGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 54. Children use alternative seatingLondon Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 55. The London Study: Towards a Mapping of places to sit Fine City for PeopleGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 56. The London Study: Towards a Mapping of places to sit Fine City for PeopleGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 57. People should be offered a good view Avoid placing towards dull surroundingsGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 58. Looking at other people is always a favourite Make it possible to enjoy the viewCopenhagen, Denmark Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 59. People should be offered a noise free environmentGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 60. People should be offered a noise free environment So you can talk togetherCortona, Italy Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects · Urban Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 61. Talk-scapes seating for socializingMelbourne, Australia
  • 62. Talk-scapes seating for socializingBryant Park, N.Y.
  • 63. The space should be inviting for people activities Avoid mono-functional useGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 64. The space should be inviting for people activities Lyon, FranceGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 65. The space should be inviting for people activitiesFrederiksberg,Denmark · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Gehl Architects
  • 66. 12 quality criteriaENJOYMENT
  • 67. Spaces should relate to a human scale Copenhagen, DenmarkGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 68. Spaces should relate to a human scaleAvoid largeoversizedpublic spaces Oerestad, Denmark Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 69. Spaces should relate to a human scale Copenhagen, DenmarkGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 70. Spaces should provide sun … Copenhagen, DenmarkGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 71. … or shade…… depending on the local climateGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk Italy
  • 72. A space should be inviting and well designed Raise the standard and the maintenanceGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 73. A space should be well designed Trees, plants, water and quality and detailingJapan Vancouver Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 74. A space should be inviting and well designed Copenhagen, DenmarkGehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · DK-1610 Copenhagen V · www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 75. When the 12 qualities have been applied to a space - A good balance can be achieved - We can still make “100 % places”
  • 76. The 12 quality criteria are described in the book New City Life Copenhagen 2005 Gehl, Gemzøe, Kirknæs&Søndergaa rd
  • 77. 12 Quality Criteria Mapping the environment Lars Gemzøe Associate Partner Gehl Architects Antwerp 2011

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