Kama sutra, tantra, & taoismPresentation Transcript
Kama Sutra, Tantra, & Taoism Karim Richard Masri LeMSIC-NORA Katia El Khoury Assistant LORA
What is Kama Sutra An ancient Indian text on human sexual behavior Consists of practical advice on sex Written by the Indian scholar MallanāgaVātsyāyana
What is Kama Sutra Kāma means sensual or sexual pleasure Sūtra literally means a thread or line that holds things together
What is Kama Sutra "Discipline of Kama" is attributed to Nandi the sacred bull, Shiva's doorkeeper, who was moved to sacred words by overhearing the lovemaking of the god and his wife Parvati He recorded his words for the benefit of mankind
The MallanagaVatsyayana'sKama Sutra Has 1250 verses, distributed in 36 chapters, which are organized into 7 parts. Introductory On sexual union About the acquisition of a wife About a wife About others’ wives About courtesans On the means of attracting others to one’s self
Introductory 5 chapters Three aims and priorities of life: The acquisition of knowledge Conduct of the well-bred townsman Reflections on intermediaries who assist the lover in his enterprises
On Sexual Union 10 chapters Chapters on: Stimulation of desire Copulation (positions) Marking with nails Biting and marking with teeth Types of embraces, caressing and kisses Slapping by hand and corresponding moaning Virile behavior in women Superior coition and oral sex Preludes and conclusions to the game of love It describes 64 types of sexual acts
About the Acquisition of a wife 5 chapters Chapters on: Forms of marriage Relaxing the girl Obtaining the girl Managing alone Union by marriage
About a wife 2 chapters Chapters on: Conduct of the only wife Conduct of the chief wife and other wives
About others’ wives 6 chapters Chapters on: Behavior of woman and man How to get acquainted Examination of sentiments The task of go-between The king's pleasures Behavior in the women's quarters
About courtesans 6 chapters Chapters on: Advice of the assistants on the choice of lovers, Looking for a steady lover Ways of making money Renewing friendship with a former lover Occasional profits Profits and losses
On the means of attracting others to one's self 2 chapters Chapters on: Improving physical attractions Arousing a weakened sexual power
Pleasure and Spirituality Some Indian philosophies follow the "four main goals of life",known as the purusharthas: Dharma: Virtuous living Artha: Material prosperity Kama: Aesthetic and erotic pleasure Moksha: Liberation Dharma, Artha and Kama are aims of everyday life, while Moksha is release from the cycle of death and rebirth.
Tantra Sexual Ritual A practical means of catalyzing biochemical transformations in the body to facilitate heightened states of awareness Tantric texts specify that sex has three distinct and separate purposes: Procreation Pleasure Liberation
Liberation Those seeking liberation eschew frictional orgasm for a higher form of ecstasy
Taoism Taoism (or Daoism) refers to a variety of related philosophical and religious traditions that have influenced Eastern Asia for more than two millennia, and have had a notable influence on the western world since the 19th century. The word, Taoliterally translated as "path" or "way."
Sexuality in Taoism The body is not viewed as a dangerous source of evil temptation, but rather as a positive asset. It is treated as a vital component to romantic love, however Taoism emphasizes the need for self-control and moderation.
Sexuality in Taoism Complete abstinence is frequently treated as equally dangerous as excessive sexual indulgence The sexual vitality of men is portrayed as limited, while the sexual energy of women is viewed as boundless.
Sexuality in Taoism Men are encouraged to control ejaculation to preserve this vital energy, but women are encouraged to reach orgasm without restriction. Taoists believe that a man may increase and nourish his own vitality by bringing a woman to orgasm, thereby "activating" her energy and attuning it with himself.
Lying Down Sex Positions of Kamasutra
The widely opened positionThe yawning positionThe position of the wife of Indra