Russian formalist

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Russian formalist

  1. 1. By Jessika Bravo.
  2. 2. Viktor Borisovich Shklovsky Pioneer.
  3. 3. <ul><li>Shklovsky and other Formalists offered a theory of: Literary function, critical interpretation and art’s purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasized form and structure in literature over content. </li></ul><ul><li>They viewed literature as collections of devices that interact in a textual field. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of literary art is estrangement. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Schlovsky confronts mostly Potebnya’s aesthetic theory. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Without imagery there is no art, and in particular no poetry” </li></ul><ul><li>Instead he defines a field of literary activity in which linguistically based devices create a more complex experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Poets are more centered on arranging images instead of creating them. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Imagery does not include all the aspects of art and its change do not necessarily develop poetry. </li></ul><ul><li>“ By works of art, in the narrow sense, we mean works created by special techniques designed to make the works as obviously artistic as possible” </li></ul><ul><li>Schklovsky wanted to stress that poetic imagery “is a means of creating the strongest possible impression” </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Habitualization </li></ul><ul><li>Many processes in our daily life are unconscious, the idea of art making objects unfamiliar to increase perception, “Art is a way of experiencing the artfulness of an object; the object is not important” </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Defamiliarization </li></ul><ul><li>Leo Tolstoy did not name the familiar object but described it as if he were seeing it for the first time, in this way he “pricking the conscience” made the familiar unfamiliar. </li></ul><ul><li>The defamiliarization technique is applied by many writers. For example to describe in literature the sexual act or the sexual organs. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The purpose of the imagery by “transfer the usual perception of an object into a new perception” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Poetic Language gives satisfaction… it must appear strange and wonderful; and, in fact, it is often actually foreign” </li></ul><ul><li>“ the rhythm of prose is an important automatizing element; the rhythm of poetry is not” </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Con Davies, R. and Schleifer, R. (1994). Contemporary Literary Criticism. Literary and Cultural Studies . New York and London: Longman. (pp. 260-272) </li></ul>

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