Culturally Relevant Teaching


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Culturally Relevant Teaching

  1. 1. Dealing with Diversity Jessica Traylor and Kiana Clayborn May 2009
  2. 2. Culture <ul><ul><li>Culture is a set of practices, beliefs, institutions, and styles of communication, that are characteristic of a group of people. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Our Cultural and Educational Experiences <ul><li>Find a partner you do not know well. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe the cultural situation you grew up in. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What were your educational experiences as a youth? Did your family culture ever clash with school culture? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe your cultural situation today. How do these aspects of your life influence your work? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about the students at school. What do you know about their culture? What do you need to know to create a meaningful learning environment for them? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you were a student at your school, what type of staff interactions and program experiences would you need to be successful? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Share an interesting fact about yourself or your partner. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Think-Pair-Share <ul><ul><li>What is culture? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in Lamar County? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Community Facts <ul><li>Additional Lamar County Facts </li></ul><ul><li>74% of residents remained in the same county from 1995-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>93% of residents remained in the same state from 1995-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>56.2% of grandparents are responsible for grandchildren </li></ul>2000 Census Summary
  6. 6. Educational Attainment in Lamar County 2000 Census Summary Percent of Population 25 Years and Older
  7. 7. Racial Equity in Lamar County 2000 Census Summary <ul><li>Median Household Income </li></ul><ul><li>White - $40,773 </li></ul><ul><li>Black - $26,315 </li></ul><ul><li>Home Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>White - 78% </li></ul><ul><li>Black - 58% </li></ul><ul><li>Median Home Value </li></ul><ul><li>White - $88,400 </li></ul><ul><li>Black - $65,600 </li></ul>
  8. 8. School-Based Data <ul><li>Student Health Survey 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students think about dropping out: 25% at 6th, 27% at 8th, 40% at 10 th grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students think about suicide: 8% at 6th, 14% at 8 th grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students drink alcohol: 7% at 6 th , 25% at 8th, 31% at 10 th grade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High School Graduation Rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lamar County has decreased over the past 3 years, while GA has increased </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black students went from 85% to 75% to 60% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White students went from 73% to 67% to 75% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>62% of students are economically disadvantaged </li></ul>
  9. 9. Data Analysis <ul><li>Discuss the community and school data with the people at your table. </li></ul><ul><li>Organize your thoughts into categories. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. strengths, weaknesses, interesting facts, protective factors, risk factors, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Record your thoughts on the chart paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Report your findings to the group. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>What is an “at-risk youth”? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think-Pair-Share </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. At-Risk Youth are often impacted by a combination of factors <ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very young, single, or low-education level parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment or underemployment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abuse and neglect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substance abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dangerous neighborhoods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposure to inadequate or inappropriate educational experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early sexual behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual disabilities/mental health problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Truancy or frequent absences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low academic achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative attitude toward school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Association with delinquent youth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gang involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer rejection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of alcohol, tobacco, and/or drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low community attachment </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Take a 5 minute break. F:Culturally Relevant PedagogyMusic9 Track 09 2.m4a
  13. 13. You might be a culturally relevant teacher if... <ul><ul><li>… you have tried to defend your Wii as a business expense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… you have a MySpace page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… you borrow students’ iPods to hear the newest songs…and try to incorporate them into your lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… you have been relied on to do all the tech stuff on your hall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… you would rather text than call </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… you have to interpret text messages for your co-workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… your lesson plans include music, video, and technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… you watch MTV or BET and call it research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… your lesson planning includes new music, video games, sporting events, movies, and fast food restaurants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… you find yourself regularly explaining youth to adults and adults to youth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… you repeat the line over and over… “I can’t believe I get paid to do this!” </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Culturally Relevant Pedagogy <ul><ul><li>Why? Culturally relevant practices shape thinking processes of groups and individuals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain positive perspectives on parents & families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate high expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning within the context of culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student-centered instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culturally mediated instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reshape the curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher as facilitator </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Culturally Relevant Pedagogy <ul><ul><li>What? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.) Three characteristics: academic success, cultural competence, and critical consciousness (Ladson-Billings) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.) A critical pedagogy that recognizes the importance of including students' cultural references in all aspects of learning (Ladson-Billings) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.) Link between culture and classroom practices (Hollins) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4.) Recognizes, respects, and uses students' identities and backgrounds as meaningful sources for creating optimal learning environments (Nieto) ‏ </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Culturally Responsive Teaching <ul><li>Teaching style consistent with learning styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music as a teaching tool, multimedia and technology integration, visual learning, role-playing, cooperative learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issues and topics related to students' background and culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect for culture, allow topic choice, be knowledgeable about their life outside of school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meaningful connection between school and real-life situations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Service learning, project-based learning, school-community collaboration </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Reshaping Media If we embrace it, we can direct its influence.
  18. 18. Youth and Media <ul><ul><li>Don't Believe the Hype: How much do you know about media consumption? </li></ul></ul>The People
  19. 19. The average American adolescent: <ul><li>Spends 3-4 hours a day listening to music and watching music videos </li></ul><ul><li>Listens to three hours of music per day </li></ul><ul><li>Surfs the internet and communicates via e-mail three hours per day </li></ul><ul><li>Plays video games three hours per day </li></ul>A
  20. 20. Excessive TV viewing has been linked to: <ul><li>Nearsighted vision </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Attention deficit disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Fine motor skill impairment </li></ul>B
  21. 21. Which of the following statements about children and music is correct, according to research: <ul><li>On average, teens watch three hours of music videos per day </li></ul><ul><li>Only 30% of school-age children know the lyrics to their favorite songs </li></ul><ul><li>Teens rate music as a more important influence on their decision making than their parents/guardians </li></ul><ul><li>There is a direct cause-and-effect relationship between violent lyrics and violent, real-world behavior. </li></ul>C
  22. 22. By age 18, the average US child's TV viewing has included 16,000 of these. That's a lot of: <ul><li>Beer commercials </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually explicit scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Murders </li></ul><ul><li>Infomercials </li></ul>B
  23. 23. Youth Media Facts <ul><li>Listening to music is students' number one non-school activity. </li></ul><ul><li>In the last 3 months, 71% of teens purchased at least one full-length CD. </li></ul><ul><li>More than one-third of youth between the ages of 12 and 14 watch music videos daily. </li></ul><ul><li>About 90% of teens report knowing many or all the lyrics of their favorite songs. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  24. 24. Why Try? <ul><ul><li>The WhyTry Program is a simple, hands-on curriculum which helps youth overcome their challenges and improve outcomes in the areas of truancy, behavior, and academics.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WhyTry teaches critical social and emotional principles to youth (K-12) using a series of ten pictures (visual analogies) which each teach a principal, such as resisting peer-pressure, or  that decisions have consequences.   The visual components are then reinforced by music and physical activities.   The major learning styles—visual, auditory, and body-kinesthetic—are all addressed. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Group Counseling Example The following slides are posters created for athematic small-group counseling. The groups were done at the Primary School this school year. Thanks to Daniel Sergent for sharing his creativity and passion for use in this presentation. F:Culturally Relevant PedagogyMusic2 Track 02 1.m4a
  26. 32. Reshaping Media Think-Pair-Share AMLA or CML Guides: analyze one of these ads BOOTY IS BOOTY
  27. 33. Reshaping Media Think-Pair-Share What can you do to reshape media and use it as a teaching tool? Status Quo
  28. 34. Reshaping Media Several “programs” are available to assist us in using the media to teach valuable life and academic lessons. Rhyme & Reason Flocabulary Hip-Hop Curriculum
  29. 35. Cultural Competence <ul><ul><li>What can we do? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk to students about different cultures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a “cultural day” at school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show respect for their culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use their language and style of communicating to build bridges between their culture and the dominant culture. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 36. References <ul><li>GA Department of Education. (2009). Georgia's Education Scoreboard: Lamar County High School. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Ladson-Billings, G. (1995). But That’s Just Good Teaching! The Case for Culturally Relevant Pedagogy. Theory Into Practice, 34 (1), 159-165. </li></ul><ul><li>McNulty, R. J. and Quaglia, R. J. (2007). Rigor, Relevance, and Relationships. The School Administrator. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>McPhail, I. P. and Coleman, L. G. (2007). Culturally Mediated Instruction: A Critical Tool in Achieving the Dream [PowerPoint]. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Norton, N. E. L. (2008). Aligning Hip-Hop, Curriculum, Standards, and Potential. Journal of Literacy and Technology 9 (1), 62-100. </li></ul><ul><li>Saifer, S., Edwards, K., Ellis, D., Ko, L., and Stuczynski, A. (2005). Classroom to Community and Back. Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. </li></ul><ul><li>The Governor's Office of Student Achievement. (2009). 2007 GSHS School Results: Lamar County . Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Tumbleson, H. (2001, August 21). Maybe we're the ones who put youth 'at risk.' The Seattle Times. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>U. S. Census Bureau. (2000). State and county Quickfacts: Lamar County, GA. Retrieved from </li></ul>
  31. 37. Helpful Websites <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  32. 38. Thanks! Comments? Questions?