BikeSafe N.C.
Rancho Santa Margarita
Final Report
BUS 462-002 Marketing Research
April 21, 2014
Prepared by:
Stacey Jennin...
Table of Contents
Executive Summary 1
Introduction (Research Objectives) 2
Background Information 2
Research Problem(s) 2
...
Executive Summary
BikeSafe NC is a motorcycle safety initiative, which offers Rider Skill Days for motorcyclists of
all ag...
Introduction
Background Information
BikeSafe NC is a traffic safety initiative program that works with the Governor‟s High...
Research Problem 2: Compare statistics to different states offering similar programs.
By comparing the statistics of fatal...
Results
Literature Review Findings
Despite the recent rise in its popularity, BikeSafeNC is still a fairly new program whi...
Research Problem 2
As previously mentioned, based on their location in the Google, Yahoo, and Bing search results,
we chos...
Qualitative Findings
By using convenience sampling, we created two focus groups each comprised of six North
Carolina State...
Quantitative Findings
After coding the results of our eight respondents, our general idea about the low awareness of
this ...
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
License
Awareness
Relate
Ticket
Reckless
Helmet
Officer
Professional
More
BikeSafe NC participants vs
nonpar...
Limitations
One of the limitations that we had when doing our research was the lack of information/sources
on BikeSafe NC....
BikeSafe NC is not found on this website. Further, the Department of Transportation is
promoting the Motorcycle Safety Fou...
had 2 fatalities in 2012 compared to North Carolina‟s 172. Therefore, completion of this
course could potentially improve ...
Appendix
Data Collection Forms
i. Moderator‟s Guidebook
ii. Survey Questions
iii. Codebook
Moderator’s Guidebook
Focus Gro...
Survey Questions
1. Do you have your motorcycle license?
Yes No
2. How old were you when you obtained your motorcycle lice...
Codebook
Variable
Name
Description Response Options
ID Survey response ID 1 through 7
License Have motorcycle
license
1=ye...
Exhibits Not Included in Body
See Excel spreadsheet on the following page.
Page 15
Bibliography
Axmaker, Stacey. “Idaho STAR.” Telephone interview. 27 Mar. 2014.
"BikeSafe North Carolina."BikeSafe North Ca...
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  1. 1. BikeSafe N.C. Rancho Santa Margarita Final Report BUS 462-002 Marketing Research April 21, 2014 Prepared by: Stacey Jennings: sljennin@ncsu.edu Jessica Sadeckas: jmsadeck@ncsu.edu Allie Koehler: alkoehle@ncsu.edu Michael Lutz: mjlutz@ncsu.edu David Stevens: dcsteven@ncsu.edu
  2. 2. Table of Contents Executive Summary 1 Introduction (Research Objectives) 2 Background Information 2 Research Problem(s) 2 Methodologies 3 Literature Review 3 Qualitative 3 Quantitative 3 Results (Emphasis on Quantitative Findings) 4 Literature Review Findings 4 Qualitative Findings 6 Quantitative Findings 7 Limitations of your Research 9 Conclusions and Recommendations 9 Conclusions based on interpretation of results 9 Recommendations for future actions 9 Appendices 12 Data Collection Forms (Moderator‟s Guidebook, Survey) 12 Codebook 14 Exhibits not included in body (if necessary) 15 Bibliography 16
  3. 3. Executive Summary BikeSafe NC is a motorcycle safety initiative, which offers Rider Skill Days for motorcyclists of all ages and riding experience. Partnering with the North Carolina Governor‟s Highway Safety Program (GHSP), the primary goal of this program is to reduce motorcycle collisions and fatalities by offering professional riding techniques and safety courses covering topics such as the system of motorcycle control and collision, collision causation factors, and security. The purpose of our research is to (1) research the scope of the current BikeSafe NC marketing campaign and (2) compare North Carolina motorcycle collision statistics with those of other states who currently have their own motorcycle safety program in place. By the end of this research process, we hope to offer recommendations for the program and its marketing to increase attendance and awareness. About the Research Our research methodologies consisted of literature reviews, focus groups, and email surveys. The focus groups consisted of North Carolina State University students between the ages of 18 and 21 who did not have motorcycle licenses and the email survey was administered only to North Carolina State University students who had a motorcycle license. Key Results Over 75% of focus group and survey respondents had never heard of BikeSafe NC 2/3 of survey respondents who had attended the BikeSafe program consider self-identify as being safe drivers One of the most successful motorcycle safety initiatives is the STAR program in Idaho More than 95% of focus group and survey respondents strongly agree that a helmet should be required when riding a motorcycle. Recommendation Based on our research results, we offer a number of recommendations including: 1. Provide pamphlets and brochures at motorcycle events 2. Work more closely with the Department of Transportation and DMV 3. Have an experienced motorcyclist who is certified teach the course as opposed to a cop 4. Attend Harley-Davidson events 5. Provide a basic skills and experienced course to attract more riders. Page 1
  4. 4. Introduction Background Information BikeSafe NC is a traffic safety initiative program that works with the Governor‟s Highway Safety Program, the NC State Highway Patrol, as well as other local agencies, with the primary purpose of reducing crashes and fatalities for motorcyclists. An increase in motorcycle fatalities was recognized by the NC Highway Patrol, resulting in them researching ways to minimize, and ultimately prevent, crashes and fatalities. BikeSafe NC is modeled after BikeSafe London, a world-famous program created and taught by the Metropolitan Police Department of London. Since the initiation of the program, London has had a 25% reduction in motorcycle fatalities, the best results thus far. London‟s program led North Carolina to adapt and enact the program. During 2007, Wake County, NC held a pilot program that resulted in a reduction of motorcycle fatalities, a reduction that was not found in other areas of the state. The Bike safety program brought the Federal Highway Administration and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration on board to help reduce crashes and fatalities state-wide. In 2009 the program expanded and North Carolina saw the first state-wide reduction in motorcycle fatalities in 5 years. The program gives motorcyclists the chance to participate in “Rider Skills Days” that offer assessments on present driving skills and gives advice that will ultimately make their experience as a motorcyclist more enjoyable and safer. Topics include the system of motorcycle control, collision causation factors, and security. The pre-booked days are held in 31 counties throughout North Carolina. They are offered on the weekends and consist of classroom-based lessons and on-road “ride-out” sessions with motor officers as well as other qualified motorcycle safety assessors. Whether you have a high powered motorcycle or a smaller commuter bike, you can attend the classes. The only requirements to sign up are a current driver‟s license with legal motorcycle endorsement and proof of insurance. Research Problems Research Problem 1: Research the scope of the campaign. Questions answered will include, but are not limited to: how many safety classes are offered and how often? Where are they located? Answers to these questions will lead to a better understanding of the programs‟ marketing campaign and what changes should be implemented to improve it. Page 2
  5. 5. Research Problem 2: Compare statistics to different states offering similar programs. By comparing the statistics of fatalities and crashes from other states, we will be able to research their programs and determine any changes that should be made. The changes could be additions or subtractions to the current N.C. program as a whole. Methodologies After the initial meeting with our client, we began the data collection process with exploratory research. We chose this method because exploratory research would allow us to gain information on our selected program, BikeSafe NC. In turn, we would be provided a platform upon which a more descriptive research design can be utilized. In our case, this refers to the next phase in our process—the quantitative section. The main benefits of the exploratory technique are its versatility, low costs, and cost-efficiency. For our research, we collected secondary data by engaging in a literature search, one of the quickest and least costly methods. In addition, we gathered primary data by conducting two focus groups and creating an email survey for motorcyclists to respond to. Literature Review In our literature review, we did thorough research of various websites including: the official BikeSafe North Carolina website, the Governor‟s Highway Safety Association‟s website, the program section of the North Carolina Department of Transportation site, and various websites for state motorcycle safety programs in other states. Qualitative Our group utilized focus groups in order to obtain a better idea of how people feel about motorcycles in general, the requirements for receiving a motorcycle license in the state of North Carolina, and the rate of awareness these individuals may have on current motorcycle safety initiatives in North Carolina. The primary goal of conducting these focus groups was to help provide information based on Research Problem 1 (Research the scope of the campaign). This research question involves determining the reach of current marketing efforts for the BikeSafe NC campaign and any changes that should be implemented. Quantitative After conducting our qualitative research, we wanted to learn more about the individuals who attend the BikeSafe NC courses. Our survey questions primarily focused on our first research problems related to the scope of the campaign. We also were interested in seeing if reckless drivers or safe drivers were the ones primarily attending this program. Page 3
  6. 6. Results Literature Review Findings Despite the recent rise in its popularity, BikeSafeNC is still a fairly new program which made it difficult to find scholarly resources that could be used for our project. Therefore, to find the necessary information, we began with a comprehensive online search, using several well-known search engines including Google, Bing, and Yahoo. We searched key phrases such as “Top National Bike safety Programs”, “BikeSafeNC”, and “BikeSafe Collegiate Program”. By searching these phrases we were able to find the necessary websites to aid in our exploration of Bike safety. When selecting which Bike safety programs to focus our research on, we took into consideration their location in the Google, Yahoo, and Bing search results. This is relevant to developing an accurate comparison of success rates of BikeSafeNC and motorcycle safety initiatives in other states. The location of a state‟s program in the search results is related to marketing efforts of these campaigns. Search Engine Optimization is crucial in marketing for a non-profit because money is limited and needs to be spent primarily on the safety programs. Research Problem 1 After researching the scope of the BikeSafe, we found that they offer 17 classes every month in various locations throughout the state. These classes are offered in the following cities (not limited to): High point, Garner, Fayetteville, Asheville, Jacksonville, Holly Springs, Cary, Thomasville, Greenville, Raleigh, Apex, Durham, New Bern, and Franklin. These cities each offer one class every month per city. BikeSafeNC gives motorcyclists the chance to participate in “Rider Skills Days” that offer assessments on present driving skills and gives advice will ultimately make their experience as a motorcyclist more enjoyable and safer. The agenda also includes classroom discussion with topics such as the system of motorcycle control, collision causation factors and security. The pre-booked days are held in 31 counties throughout N.C. They are offered on the weekends and consist of classroom-based advice and on-road “ride-out” sessions with motor officers as well as other qualified BikeSafeNC assessors. The main difference in North Carolina Motorcycle safety and D.C safety is that in D.C., in order to be allowed to drive a motorcycle you are required to be 18 years old and take a safety test and an "on the road test" before receiving your license. In N.C you teach yourself how to ride then go to the DMV to complete a brief field test that takes a maximum of 20 minutes. D.C. implements stricter restrictions to receive your license, which may explain why they only had two motorcycle fatalities in 2012. Page 4
  7. 7. Research Problem 2 As previously mentioned, based on their location in the Google, Yahoo, and Bing search results, we chose to focus on three states which include North Carolina, Oregon, and Florida. To begin, we compared the fatalities that have occurred in each of the selected states. The information was compiled from two different time periods over a two-year span: January 2011 to June 2011 and January 2012 to September 2012. The fatalities were recorded in a 6 month time period in 2011 and in the same 6 month time frame in 2012 in order to determine any differences in results. The same scenario is then repeated with a 9 month time frame. The results are as follows: State 2011 6 mos. 2012 6 mos. Changes from 2011 2011 9 mos. 2012 9 mos. Changes from 2011 North Carolina 79 86 +7 134 141 +7 Oregon 19 15 - 4 34 45 +11 Florida 227 194 - 33 312 287 - 25 As you can see, the most fatalities occurred in Florida and the least amount occurred in Oregon. North Carolina‟s fatalities fall in the middle between Oregon and Florida. Interestingly, although Florida has the most fatalities by far, they are the only state of the three to have a decrease over the recorded time with the exception of the first 6 months in Oregon. Each state has its own Bike safety program: BikeSafe North Carolina, Ride Smart Florida, and Team Oregon. Each of these programs are quite similar in that they all offer educational classes for several levels of difficulty, offer „Rider Skills Days‟ which consist of on-road ride-outs motorcycle courses as well as in classroom information sessions. Each state‟s program also includes a section dedicated to safety precautions to take into consideration such as awareness, physical capabilities, but mainly the appropriate apparel to wear whenever riding a motorcycle which is consistent throughout each state‟s program. This appropriate apparel includes: a legal helmet, eye protection, long sleeve shirts, long pants, full fingered gloves, over the ankle foot protection, and rain gear. Page 5
  8. 8. Qualitative Findings By using convenience sampling, we created two focus groups each comprised of six North Carolina State University students. The participants consisted of students currently in their freshman, sophomore, or junior year of undergraduate studies. The age range was between 18 and 21 years of age, with eleven students from the United States and one student from China. Each group was asked eight identical questions and held a discussion offering their ideas, insights, and opinions. All interviews were recorded for later review. After completing these focus groups, we learned quite a bit about how people view motorcycle safety and what they know about various North Carolina safety initiatives. When discussing the safety of motorcyclists, the only concern was of protective clothing such as long sleeves, long pants, boots, gloves, and helmets. Like many motorists on the road, many crashes are often caused by speeding and carelessness. For motorcyclists, however, these bad decisions can be detrimental. Both groups agreed that many accidents are a result of adrenaline and the „need for speed‟ attitude rather than lack of specific motorcycle training. When asked if the age that an individual is allowed to obtain a motorcycle license should be changed, most of the respondents argued that that is not an issue. One student stated, “If you can drive a car, you should be able to drive a motorcycle.” On the other hand, all were in agreement that it should be a harder process for someone to obtain a motorcycle license. One of the last questions we asked was about the students‟ current awareness of any initiatives specifically created for motorcycle safety. The response was unanimous across the board: as far as they all were concerned, there aren‟t any initiatives in North Carolina. One participant said, “I usually just see bumper stickers on the back of cars that say „look out for motorcyclists.‟” Another stated, “I might have seen a billboard about motorcycle safety once.” Below is a visual created from Wordle.com.Wordleis s a tool for creating a “text cloud” that uses the size of the text to represent the frequency of each word in the given source sample. After reviewing the recordings from the focus groups, we grouped each response into a certain category including obtaining a license, crashes, safety, and protective clothing. Each phrase was entered into the Wordle document and the image below was created. The purpose of this diagram is to show which issues were brought up most frequently, either those involving safety training requirements or those related to issues on the road and causes of crashes. There are a large number of responses relevant to safety in general such as causes for crashes and need for safety. The only noticeable response about training is related to making it more difficult for individuals to obtain their motorcycle license. Page 6
  9. 9. Quantitative Findings After coding the results of our eight respondents, our general idea about the low awareness of this program was confirmed. More than half of the respondents had never heard of the program. Though our sample size is very small, the demographics of our respondents were all males between 16 and 29. This is a positive because we are able to compare results across the same gender and age group and their answers across the board to come to a general conclusion. However, this is a negative as well because we are not able to explore the thoughts and experiences of females or older individuals. We also hoped to see if there was any correlation between the individuals who attend the BikeSafe NC programs and whether they self-identify as being a reckless driver or not. Half of the respondents considered themselves to be reckless drivers.However, of the three that had taken the BikeSafe NC program, only one considered himself to be a reckless driver. The last main focus of our survey was to see if motorcyclists would rather learn or gain riding advice from a police officer or a professional motorcyclist. The results were unanimous, everyone selected „strongly disagree‟ when asked how they felt about being taught by a police officer. We believe that by changing who instructs the course could potentially make a significant impact on attendance. Page 7
  10. 10. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 License Awareness Relate Ticket Reckless Helmet Officer Professional More BikeSafe NC participants vs nonparticipants Hasn't attended Attended BikeSafe Page 8
  11. 11. Limitations One of the limitations that we had when doing our research was the lack of information/sources on BikeSafe NC. When searching online any information we found was the same across all boards. It consisted of basic information on BikeSafe NC, including its purpose, where classes are held and when, what kind of training is offered, etc. There were plenty of statistics on motorcycle fatalities and crashes but as far as the actual program itself, little was found. This was not surprising seeing as how the focus of our report is to raise awareness for BikeSafe NC. Another limitation was the lack of access to motorcyclists. After reaching out to the North Carolina State University‟s transportation office with our survey, who we hopes would provide us with a convenience sample, we received no reply. Our original quantitative research method was to ask them to send our survey to any motorcyclist who was listed with their office from parking pass purchases. After receiving no answer we had to find another convenient group of motorcyclists, which was a challenge. After our research group members reached out to friends and family to find motorcyclists to answer our survey, we ended up with a sample size of eight. Although this did allow us the opportunity to thoroughly evaluate responses of college males, this small sample size created a serious limitation. This created a limitation because we were able to explore the thoughts and experiences of females or older individuals. Conclusions and Recommendations Conclusions Based on Interpretation of Results Even though BikeSafe NC offers 17 classes each month, less than 100 people total sign up for them.Attendance is extremely low, especially in the Research Triangle area where the majority of training courses are being held. This low attendance could be linked to low awareness in this area. BikeSafe NC is a beneficial initiative created to help prevent crashes and fatalities for motorcyclists. However, the low awareness of the program as well as the minimal attendance at the program events has shown the ineffectiveness of its campaign. Therefore, through exploratory research of other successful programs, we were able to make strong recommendations that will hopefully increase brand name awareness, increase attendance at our programs, and ultimately decrease the fatalities to zero in North Carolina. Recommendations for Future Actions One of the major limitations we found was the awareness of BikeSafe NC. To increase awareness, we suggest working more closely with the Department of Transportation to help promote the program. They have a complete website that has a list of programs offered but Page 9
  12. 12. BikeSafe NC is not found on this website. Further, the Department of Transportation is promoting the Motorcycle Safety Foundation. This would be an ideal spot to advertise the BikeSafe NC program and offer a link to the website for potential motorcycle attendants to find a location and time that fits his/her schedule. We also found that many people didn‟t like that the class was conducted by a police officer. Instead, we wanted to bring your attention to having the class taught by an experienced motorcyclist. This person would be certified, just as the police officer was, but it may be less intimidating for attendants if a cop was not the one instructing him/her. Harley Davidson offers meetings, rides, and gatherings for motorcyclists. Working with Harley Davidson and attending some of these events with pamphlets, brochures, t-shirt give-a-ways, and other prizes may increase the awareness of our program among the motorcycle community. Furthermore, Harley Davidson is a very well respected brand in this community. If we could get Harley Davidson to endorse our efforts and promote the program, we may attract more people to attend as well. For example, the Tilley Harley-Davidson of Salisbury, NC is having a Garage Party on April 26, 2014. This event is given to specifically attract new riders to learn about the Harley Davidson lifestyle and bikes. This would be an ideal opportunity to engage with new riders and promote BikeSafe NC as the place this person should come to learn to safely ride a motorcycle. Another suggestion we have is to work with the DMV to make taking the BikeSafe NC course a requirement to receive a motorcycle license. This will further ensure the motorcyclists safety on the road. Beyond that, defensive riders will be able to better protect themselves from the cars on the road. If a car and a motorcyclist were to have a collision, the car is not going to have near as much damage as the individual on the motorcycle would have. Therefore, to keep causalities down, motorcyclists should have to attend this course for their own safety. Finally, we think one of the best ways to reach both experienced and inexperienced riders is to introduce a two course program. The first course will be run very similar to our current program. Going off of the Idaho STAR program, which has a nationally recognized program motorcycle safety program, we want to implement the following to increase awareness and attendance at our classes: Basic Skills – This will be a continuation of our current program where we will provide classroom and rider courses. This course will go over basic skills, regulations, and safety requirements as well as include a short-ride where the riders will be initially assessed. The riders will take a long-ride as well later in the day to be re-assessed and test the riders‟ improvement of skills and knowledge. This class will also go over making motorcyclists better defensive riders by covering basic in street strategies as well as what to do in emergency response situations. This course should be a requirement to receive a motorcycle license. Washington D.C. requires completion of a similar course and only Page 10
  13. 13. had 2 fatalities in 2012 compared to North Carolina‟s 172. Therefore, completion of this course could potentially improve the overall safety of NC riders. The ultimate goal of this program is to have zero crashes and fatalities involving motorcyclists and the riders need to know how to respond and react in any given situation. Experienced - This part of the course will also include classroom and cycle time. However, the curriculum will include a more diverse range of topics. This class will be designed for the risk-adverted rider who is considered an “expert rider.” A minimum of two years experience will be required for enrollment or the successful completion of the Basic Skills course. An additional intensive focus will be placed on in street strategies and hazard response skills that will include practice cornering, braking, and swerving. Topics will also include master precision vehicle handling control, advanced low-speed maneuvering, and hazard response skills. After speaking with the director of Idaho Star, Stacey Axmaker, we wanted to reconstruct this program and follow this already successful initiative. The phone conversation with him listed the struggles that their organization faces with reaching the target market. It takes a good amount of research to find out where and when these motorcyclists meet. However, it is crucial that we attend these events to raise awareness of our program, attract potential and existing riders to engage in our program, and show the importance of being a safe rider. Page 11
  14. 14. Appendix Data Collection Forms i. Moderator‟s Guidebook ii. Survey Questions iii. Codebook Moderator’s Guidebook Focus Group Date Collection Form for BikeSafe NC Moderator: Jessica Sadeckas Engagement Questions: 1) When you see a person riding a motorcycle, what is your initial reaction? Keep in mind that the term motorcycle can include a scooter as well as a moped. 2) What would you consider to be the most important safety precautions when riding a motorcycle? Exploration Questions: 3) What do you think initially provokes a person to want to become a rider? If you find yourself interested, why? 4) What makes the idea of riding a motorcycle/scooter either appealing or unappealing to you? 5) Are there any specific types of accidents you think motorcyclists are particularly at risk for? And what do you think the main causes of motorcycle accidents are? 6) How do you feel about it being required by law to receive proper knowledge and training of motorcycle safety skills before being able to obtain a license? 7) How important do you think our state places on motorcycle safety awareness and training initiatives? Have you heard of any in particular? Exit Question: 8) Is there anything else you would like to say about the risks or rewards that are involved with being a motorcyclist? Or anything involved with motorcycle safety? Page 12
  15. 15. Survey Questions 1. Do you have your motorcycle license? Yes No 2. How old were you when you obtained your motorcycle license? _____ 3. Have you ever heard of BikeSafe North Carolina? Yes No 4. What do you relate this program to? Bicycles Motorcycles Other_______ 5. Have you ever taken the BikeSafe NC course? Yes No 6. IF YES to #5, do you feel the course increased your knowledge about motorcycle safety? Yes No 7. IF NO to #5, do you have any interest in taking a BikeSafe NC course to increase your knowledge about motorcycle safety? Yes No Not Sure Haven‟t Heard of this program 8. Have you ever received a ticket while riding a motorcycle? Yes No 9. IF YES to #8, what was the reason for the ticket? Speeding Drunk Driving Running a Light Other_______ 10. Would you consider yourself to be a reckless driver? Yes No Not sure 11. Have you or anyone you know ever been involved in a collision involving a motorcycle? Yes No Not sure Please indicate your agreement with the following statements: 12. It should be required by law to wear a helmet while riding a motorcycle. Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly Agree 13. I am interested in learning more about Bike safety from a police officer. Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly Agree 14. I would be more interested in taking a motorcycle safety course if the instructor was a professional motorcyclist. Strongly disagree Disagree Agree Strongly Agree 15. Do you have an interest in learning more about BikeSafe NC? Yes No 16. Please add any addition comments: 17. Please indicate your gender Male Female 18. What is your age? Less than 20 20-39 40-59 60 or older Page 13
  16. 16. Codebook Variable Name Description Response Options ID Survey response ID 1 through 7 License Have motorcycle license 1=yes N=no Obtained Age when obtained Enter response Awareness Heard of program 1=yes 2=no Relate Relate program to 1=bicycles 2=motorcycl es 3=other: enter response Taken Taken program 1=yes 2=no Yes Increase knowledge 1=yes 2=no No Interest in program 1=yes 2=no 3=not sure 4=never heard of it Ticket Received a ticket 1=yes 2=no Why Reason for ticket 1=speeding 2=drunk driving 3=running red light 4=other: enter response Reckless Considered reckless 1=yes 2=no 3=not sure Collision Been involved 1=yes 2=no 3=not sure Helmet Should be legal 1=strongly disagree 2=disagree 3=agree 4=strongly agree Officer Taught by officer 1=strongly disagree 2=disagree 3=agree 4=strongly agree Professiona l Taught by professional motorcyclist 1=strongly disagree 2=disagree 3=agree 4=strongly agree More Want to learn more 1=yes 2=no Comments Additional comments Enter response Gender Male/Female 1=male 2=female Age Age options 1=less than 20 2=20-39 3=40-59 4=60 or older Page 14
  17. 17. Exhibits Not Included in Body See Excel spreadsheet on the following page. Page 15
  18. 18. Bibliography Axmaker, Stacey. “Idaho STAR.” Telephone interview. 27 Mar. 2014. "BikeSafe North Carolina."BikeSafe North Carolina.N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.bikesafenc.com/>. "Governor's Highway Safety Program (GHSP)." NCDOT:.N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.ncdot.org/programs/ghsp/>. "Pedestrian & Bicycle Safety."- FHWA Safety Program. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. “RIDE HARD OR STAY HOME.” Harley-Davidson USA.n.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014. "State of Oregon: State of Oregon." State of Oregon: State of Oregon. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. "The Mission."BikeSafe.N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. "What is GHSA?." Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA).N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.ghsa.org/>. "Wordle.com." wordle.com.N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.wordle.com>. Page 16

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