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California by Kevin Starr powerpoint


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  • 1. California By: Kevin Starr By: Jessica Rushton
  • 2. Water Projects- ch. 7  The mega- state of California started with water. California is a lot of desert and mot much rain so it needs an amazing water system.  William Hammond Hall can be called one of the founders of the state for the series of studies he did that laid out a program for the development of California through water projects.  The Wright Act and resolution of Lux v. Haggin transformed Central Valley and portions of southern California into an agricultural empire.  Hall claimed this water would come from the Colorado River and in 1901 he and George Chaffey finished a canal that linked the Colorado River to the Salton Sink, now Imperial Valley  Irrigation was a problem, but the technology developed in the Gold Rush helped to fix it and stabilize cities like San Francisco and Los Angeles
  • 3. San Francisco- ch. 7  At the same time the water projects were growing, architecture was too.  San Francisco between 1906 and 1909 was rebuilding the whole city with architects from Paris, with the style of the Mediterranean Revival  Also in San Francisco Colleges and Universities were being upgraded. Stanford University opened its doors in 1891 and the University of California at Berkeley was developing into a Beaux Arts city of learning  California's population was steadily growing and in 1910 2.3 million lived in the state, half of them living in the Bay Area.
  • 4. Los Angeles- ch. 7  First 3 decades of the 1900's showed a big population growth to southern California, mostly in Los Angeles.  At first majority of the new comers were from the Midwest and were of European descent.  Between 1920 and 1930 Los Angeles saw a huge increase in the population of Mexican Americans and now had the leading Mexican American community in the U.S.  The African American population was small until 1926 when it started growing. However, with its growth came hardening of racial attitudes and more explicit color line characteristics  The white majority of Los Angeles could be split into 3 categories - The Oligarchs- older southern California families - The Babbitts- newly arrived middle class of bankers, lawyers, doctors, etc. - The Folks- white Anglo- Saxon protestants from the midwest
  • 5. Immigration- ch. 12  California has always been ethnically diverse which began with Native American era and continued through the Spanish and Mexican eras  During the Gold Rush diversity increased intensely because every country sent its people to California  Early 1900s San Francisco had higher proportion of foreign- born residents than those born in the U.S.  San Francisco had the first Korean immigrants to California  1920s had a second influx of mexicans into California to work on the fields  1930s half a million Anglo- Americans flocked California  Second World War brought thousands of African Americans
  • 6. Race- ch. 12  1965- U.S. Wanted a program to reform its immigration laws  This allowed Asians to come in on an equal basis and granted quotas to compensate for past restrictions  California saw lots of refugees from various places that were from troubled parts of the world where America was involved  Los Angeles was still a city of much racial tension especially when it came to blacks and whites. With white cops abusing their power to black citizens
  • 7. Illegal Immigration- ch. 12  The issues between blacks and whites seemed to be set aside when it came to illegal immigration in the 1990s  3 issues brought up -public aid to illegal immigrants, affirmative action, and bilingual education  Los Angeles stood as the 3 largest Mexican city in the world and a quarter of all of California's population was Mexican and they are active in every phase and level of California life  Many saw the anti- illegal crusade an opportunity to give vent to a more persuasive dislike of the direction California was taking  1994- Republicans tried to cut off all public support to illegal immigrants but nothing was passed
  • 8. Sources  Starr, Kevin. California: A History. Modern library edition, 2005.