The Factors that can Lead to Pedophilia Jessica Rangel
Table of Context <ul><li>Defining Pedophilia </li></ul><ul><li>Etiology of Pedophilia </li></ul><ul><li>Research Done Toda...
Defining Pedophilia <ul><li>Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who fantasize...
Defining Pedophilia <ul><li>Desires can begin as early as teenage years </li></ul><ul><li>Pedophiles can be of any sexual ...
Defining Pedophilia Types: <ul><li>Situational Pedophiles </li></ul><ul><li>Regressed </li></ul><ul><li>Indiscriminate </l...
Defining Pedophilia Situational Pedophiles <ul><li>Sexually attracted to children but will abuse any group that is defense...
Defining Pedophilia Preferential Pedophile <ul><li>Prefer children of a specific age and rarely if ever seek out children ...
Defining Pedophilia Increase in Awareness <ul><li>1972 Survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>14% of 982 male participants were invo...
Defining Pedophilia Increased Awareness <ul><li>1974 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 60,000 cases reported </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Possible Etiologies <ul><li>Definitive causes are unknown. </li></ul><ul><li>Two leading theories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>N...
Possible Etiologies Neurodevelopmental Factors <ul><li>Experiment Conducted by Schiffner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performed M...
Possible Etiologies Neurodevelopmental Factors <ul><li>Chemical imbalances of Serotonin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower levels...
Possible Etiologies Experiencing Child Abuse <ul><li>28-93% of Pedophiles claim being abused as children </li></ul><ul><ul...
Possible Etiologies  Experiencing Child Abuse <ul><li>Case Study: Alexey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedophile who created an im...
Possible Etiologies Experiencing Child Abuse <ul><li>Case Study: Alexey, cont.  </li></ul><ul><li>Adulthood: </li></ul><ul...
Research Done Today <ul><li>Research today tends to be fair and unbiased </li></ul><ul><li>Provides definitions and potent...
Conclusion <ul><li>Few treatment options available </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Therapy (Group or personal) </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Conclusion <ul><li>Treatment options are not guaranteed to work on all patients and there is no permanent solution to pedo...
References <ul><li>Angelides, S. (2003). Historicizing Affect, Psychoanalyzing History: Pedophilia and the Discourse of Ch...
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The Factors That Can Lead To Pedophilia

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The Factors That Can Lead To Pedophilia

  1. 1. The Factors that can Lead to Pedophilia Jessica Rangel
  2. 2. Table of Context <ul><li>Defining Pedophilia </li></ul><ul><li>Etiology of Pedophilia </li></ul><ul><li>Research Done Today </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Defining Pedophilia <ul><li>Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who fantasizes, is sexually aroused or experiences sexual urges towards prepubescent children. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Defining Pedophilia <ul><li>Desires can begin as early as teenage years </li></ul><ul><li>Pedophiles can be of any sexual orientation and either gender. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Defining Pedophilia Types: <ul><li>Situational Pedophiles </li></ul><ul><li>Regressed </li></ul><ul><li>Indiscriminate </li></ul><ul><li>Immature </li></ul><ul><li>Preferential Pedophiles </li></ul><ul><li>Seductive </li></ul><ul><li>Sadistic </li></ul>
  6. 6. Defining Pedophilia Situational Pedophiles <ul><li>Sexually attracted to children but will abuse any group that is defenseless. </li></ul><ul><li>Immature Pedophiles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not know how to manipulate or seduce children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More likely to abuse children of different ages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indiscriminate Pedophiles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create bonds with their potential victims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More likely to sexually experiment with their victims </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regressed Pedophiles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Able to create a stable life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well organized seduction plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefer female victims </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Defining Pedophilia Preferential Pedophile <ul><li>Prefer children of a specific age and rarely if ever seek out children of different ages. </li></ul><ul><li>Seductive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a bond with their victims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most often men who prefer male victims </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sadistic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seek out the “perfect” victim </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will severely abuse them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emotionally </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physically </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sexually </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Defining Pedophilia Increase in Awareness <ul><li>1972 Survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>14% of 982 male participants were involved in incest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9% of 1044 female participants were involved in incest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Follow-up questionnaire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25% of the boys and 13% of the girls did not find a parent having sex with a child abnormal </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Defining Pedophilia Increased Awareness <ul><li>1974 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 60,000 cases reported </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1989 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.4 million cases reported </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1988-1990 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>48% increase in pedophilic population </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Today </li></ul><ul><ul><li>43,522 registered pedophiles in state prisons </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Possible Etiologies <ul><li>Definitive causes are unknown. </li></ul><ul><li>Two leading theories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurodevelopment Factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiencing Child Abuse </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Possible Etiologies Neurodevelopmental Factors <ul><li>Experiment Conducted by Schiffner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performed MRI’s on both pedophilia inmates and other inmates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grey matter volume </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disruption of neurophysiologic attributes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical imbalance of the brain </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Possible Etiologies Neurodevelopmental Factors <ul><li>Chemical imbalances of Serotonin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower levels of serotonin being processed resulted in behaviors much like those suffering from Obsession Compulsive Disorder (OCD). </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Possible Etiologies Experiencing Child Abuse <ul><li>28-93% of Pedophiles claim being abused as children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be emotional, physical or sexual </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Victim to abuser cycle or abused to abuser phenomena </li></ul><ul><ul><li>View themselves as the aggressor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transference of emotions </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Possible Etiologies Experiencing Child Abuse <ul><li>Case Study: Alexey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedophile who created an imaginary victim to transfer his emotions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Past: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically abused by his drunk father </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gang raped by a group of boys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forced to perform oral and anal sex </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Teenage years: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepted his homosexuality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Admits having sex with children between the ages of 6 and 7 </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Possible Etiologies Experiencing Child Abuse <ul><li>Case Study: Alexey, cont. </li></ul><ul><li>Adulthood: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turned actions into realistic thoughts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imaginary Victim: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helpless/ Defenseless </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vulnerable to Alexey’s will </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Desires to humiliate him </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Transference </li></ul>
  16. 16. Research Done Today <ul><li>Research today tends to be fair and unbiased </li></ul><ul><li>Provides definitions and potential causes of pedophilia </li></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>Few treatment options available </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Therapy (Group or personal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitive behavioral therapy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Role-play therapy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioral interventions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deop-Provera </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adrocur </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lupron </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Conclusion <ul><li>Treatment options are not guaranteed to work on all patients and there is no permanent solution to pedophilia. </li></ul>
  19. 19. References <ul><li>Angelides, S. (2003). Historicizing Affect, Psychoanalyzing History: Pedophilia and the Discourse of Child Sexuality. Journal of Homosexuality. 46 (1/2), 70-109. Retrieved on November 2, 2009 from http:// search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct = true&db = sih&AN =12871078&site= ehost -live . </li></ul><ul><li>Araji, S. & Finkelhor, D. (1986). Explanations of Pedophilia: A four Factor Model. Journal of Sex Research. 22 (2), 145-172. Retrieved on November 1, 2009 from http:// search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct = true&db =a9h&AN=5691869&site= ehost -live . </li></ul><ul><li>Arata, C., Bowers, D., Langhinrichsen- Rohling, J & O’Farrill-Swails, L. (2005). Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma. 11 (4), 29-52. Retrieved on November 1, 2009 from http:// search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct = true&db =f5h&AN=18845936&site= ehost -live . </li></ul><ul><li>Barash, I., Lubin, G., Kaplan, Z., Shmushkevish, M. & Weinberg, I. (2003). “I am Nobody”: A case Study of Suicidal Dynamics in Pedophilia. Archives of Suicide Research. 7 (4), 375-387. Retrieved on November 1, 2009 from http:// search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct = true&db =a9h&AN=10883657&site= ehost -live . </li></ul><ul><li>Hall, R. & Hall, R. (2007). A Profile of Pedophilia: Definition, Characteristics of offenders, Recidivism, Treatment Outcomes and Forensic Issues. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 82 (4), 457-471. Retrieved on November 1, 2009 from http:// search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct = true&db =a9h&AN=24851320&site= ehost -live . </li></ul><ul><li>McConaghy, N. (1998). Pedophilia: a review of the evidence. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 32 (2), 252-266. Retrieved on November 2, 2009 from http:// search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct = true&db =a9h&AN=5603229&site= ehost -live . </li></ul><ul><li>Musk, Henry & Swetz, A. (1997). Pedophilia in the Correctional system. Corrections Today. 59 (5), 24-29. Retrieved on November 2, 2009 from http:// search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct = true&db = sih&AN =9710092491&site= ehost -live . </li></ul><ul><li>Pedophilia. Harvard Mental Health Letter. 20 (7), 1-4. Retrieved on November 1, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Seto, Micheal C. (2004). Pedophilia and Sexual Offenses Against Children. Annual Review of Sex Research. Vol15, 329-369. Retrieved on November 1, 2009 from from http:// search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct = true&db =a9h&AN=11734187&site= ehost -live . </li></ul>
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