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Present and Past Perfect
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Present and Past Perfect

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Present perfect, present perfect progressive, and the past perfect.

Present perfect, present perfect progressive, and the past perfect.

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Transcript

  • 1. The Present PerfectTenseIntroduction
  • 2. How long have you lived in Denver?
  • 3. How long have you lived in Denver?I have lived here for 6 months.I’ve lived here since August.Sandra has lived here for a while.Simão’s lived here for just a short time.
  • 4. Present PerfectStatements:Subject + have/has + past participleQuestions:(Wh) + have/has + subject + pastparticiple
  • 5. Present PerfectStatements:Subject + have/has + past participleI + have + livedhere 6 months.Sarah + has +bought a car.
  • 6. Present PerfectQuestions:(Wh) + have/has + subject + pastparticipleWhere have you been in the U.S.?Who have you met since you moved toDenver?Have you seen the movie Man of Steel?
  • 7. Present PerfectWhen do we use the present perfect?
  • 8. Present perfect: Use 1
  • 9. Present Perfect: Use 1Actions or states started in the pastand continue to now.Ex 1: I have had a car since August.Ex 2: I have driven since I was sixteen.
  • 10. Nobody knows the troubleI’ve seen...Nobody knows my sorrow.
  • 11. Present Perfect: Use 2Finished actions with unspecified time;ExperienceEx: I have been to Thailand, so I speak a littleThai.Ex: What is that? I’ve never seen anything like it!
  • 12. Present Perfect: Use 3
  • 13. Present Perfect: Use 3When do we use the present perfect?Actions that were repeated in past & could repeatagain.Ex: I have sent him three emails so far today. Am Iannoying?Ex: He has eaten at that restaurant many times.
  • 14. Present PerfectWhich time words are used?Since (with a starting point in the past)Since last week; Since I was sixteen.For (with a length of time)For two days. For a long time.
  • 15. Present PerfectWhich adverbs are frequently used?Ever (Only for questions or negative statements)NeverAlreadyYet (Only for questions; negative statements)
  • 16. Present PerfectUse Ever/Never for experienceEver (Only for questions or negative statements)Have you ever met a celebrity? No, I have notever met a celebrity.NeverI have never met a celebrity. What is somethingyou’ve never done?
  • 17. Present PerfectUse Yet/Already for complete/incompleteYet (Only for questions or negative statements)Have you finished your dinner yet? No, I am notdone yet.Already (Positive statements or surprisedquestion)I’ve already read that book. Wow! Have youalready finished 400 pages?
  • 18. Present PerfectProgressive
  • 19. Present PerfectProgressiveWhen do we use the present perfectprogressive?Actions that started in past and are in progress nowEx 1: I have been driving since I was sixteen.Ex 2: He has been sleeping for twenty hours! Is heill?
  • 20. PP or PPP?Habitual or long term activities thatcontinue now use either PP or PPP.Ex 1: I have been driving since I was sixteen.Ex 2: I have driven since I was sixteen.
  • 21. PP or PPP?An activity that is still in progressuses the present perfect progressivewith duration words.Ex: He has been sleeping for twenty hours!
  • 22. Past Perfect
  • 23. Past PerfectWhen do we use the past perfect?To contrast two events or activities in the past.To make the order of different past events moreclear.
  • 24. Past PerfectWhat time words are used with thepast perfect?
  • 25. Past PerfectWhat time words are used with thepast perfect?BeforeAfterByBy the time
  • 26. Past PerfectWhat time words are used with thepast perfect?Before + simple past clause, past perfect clauseAfter + past perfect clause, simple past clauseBy + year or time phraseBy the time + simple past clause, past perfect clause
  • 27. Past PerfectBefore and after can used witheither simple past or past perfect.Ex: I hadn’t done the homework yet before I wentto class.Ex: I didn’t do my homework before I went toclass.Ex: After I had seen the movie, I wrote asummary.Ex: After I saw the movie, I wrote a summary.
  • 28. Past PerfectWe ALWAYS use the past perfectwith by and by the time.By 1890, the University of Denver had alreadyopened.I had already finished my work by the time hearrived.
  • 29. Practice
  • 30. Matt loves dancing...
  • 31. Write about Matt usingpresent and past tenses.